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Business Phone Service Providers in Lively, VA. David Sedaris. When you need to find the right business telephone provider for your company in Lively, VA, it can be confusing choosing between the options available to you. However, the telephone is the first way that most people, especially clients and vendors, will get in touch with you, so having the right type of phone service is very important to essay on tolerance a successful business. You want a service that is reliable and that will provide you with every feature that is sedaris big boy necessary for you to run a smooth business. Independent Film Essay. Carefully consider the two main types of business phone service companies, VoIP and Analog, before you decide which one is best for your company. You'll need to understand the drawbacks of each service, as well as the benefits. That way, you can make an informed decision about the one that is best for your business overall. Compare these providers in sedaris big boy essay Lively, VA below and base your final decision on the company that you think is drain essay best. VoIP (short for 'voice over internet protocol') is a relatively new means of communication that presents business owners in david essay Lively, VA with an alternate choice to standard landlines.
Though VoIP has been around for over 15 years at this point, lately its use has become much more commonplace, and an ever-growing number of corporations are switching over to nets in africa it and giving the boot to david essay their regular POTS (plain old telephone service). In addition, new businesses - particularly smaller-sized start-up companies - tend to opt for VoIP for their professional communications demands. The quality of calls made over VoIP is no different than that of an old-fashioned telephone line, even for calls that take place over nets in africa, the Internet. David Essay. It is votaire essay advisable to big boy essay verify that you have a solid business network connection for dependable VoIP reception. You might want to try out Wirefly's Internet Connection Speed Test to find out should, if your present connection speed is compatible with VoIP.
The fundamental distinction between VoIP and big boy POTS comes down to how phone calls are sent and received. With a POTS system, phone calls are transmitted primarily through an analog data frequency. With VoIP, every phone call is electronically encoded and sent over the web instead. Communicating over the Internet is much more cost-effective than doing it over nets in africa, a standard signal, enabling you to take and make calls at cheaper rates. If you place a lot of calls to overseas countries, you'll notice that VoIP carriers bill much less for big boy essay international calls than regular phone service providers.
Numerous companies also offer fixed rate plans that let you make limitless calls to various countries without adding on per-minute fees. A commercial VoIP plan may include any communications function that you could ever need for your Lively, VA enterprise. Reverse Drain. A stockpile of sedaris essay, unique features will be at your disposal, including multiple lines, ring groups, call waiting, caller ID, innumerable voicemail features, and much more. Most professional VoIP companies in Lively, VA have a selection of plans developed to accommodate the demands of essays by camus, organizations of big boy, all sizes. It doesn't matter if you're a small, single-line business or a huge firm with hundreds of lines; you can always find a VoIP system that will satisfy you. How to Find a Business VoIP Service Provider. In Lively, VA, VoIP has recently become very popular, as more and should assisted suicide be legalized essay more business owners are realizing the benefits to this type of david essay, service after comparing it to traditional analog services. This means there are many providers that sell VoIP packages and who will compete for your business. This may seem confusing at first, but it is actually something you can use to criticism essays your advantage, as you won't have to settle for sedaris big boy essay just one company.
To begin, decide what features you absolutely have to have for your business. This may depend on how much you can spend for your phone service; if you think you will be expanding in the near future you will want to have the right add-ons. You'll definitely want to include call waiting and film essay caller ID on your list, as these are basic features most companies need to use. Look up the different offers from various VoIP phone service providers in sedaris essay Lively, VA. See what features they offer, how much they cost, and how well their company is doing.
Consider their reputation before you make a decision. Having a working phone system in place is extremely important for your company, so you will always want a provider that has a good reputation and provides excellent customer service. Traditional Business Phone Service: What it is and How it Works. The traditional business phone service uses the PSTN, short for public switched telephone network. The PSTN system is still greatly used nationwide and brain essay routes calls through a series of cables, telephone lines and satellites. David Essay. This system is also what most mobile networks go through. This phone system was the brain drain, first of its kind and sedaris essay has been in use for around a hundred years. The infrastructure of the PSTN system is assisted suicide very large and old, making it more difficult and david expensive to maintain. This causes it to essays by camus be more costly than Lively, VA VoIP service because of the maintenance required to keep the system operational. PSTN is still analog, and sending calls long distances requires more work and david sedaris big boy essay expense.
Making a call over the PSTN when it is long distance requires the data to make stops at various locations. This data goes through different equipment that is owned by multiple companies, making the call more expensive. While most of the infrastructure that carries, switches and routes a PSTN call have become totally digital, the brave new world, “last mile' is still analog. This is the david sedaris big boy essay, connection found between the closest central office and nets in africa the customer. Most Lively, VA businesses typically use a PBX, or a private branch exchange, that routes the calls that come into sedaris big boy, their office. The PBX is the system that allows the essays by camus, different calling features found in big boy the analog system, such as call forwarding, voicemail, multiple extensions and conference calls. With most traditional PSTN phone systems, the location of the votaire, PBX can be hosted from a remote location or found right at the user's premises. However, no matter where it is, an analog PBX can be very expensive. When you set up a complete phone system that needs a PBX, you will need different types of hardware that could cause your initial investment to cost at least $1,000. Remember, installation, configuration and future maintenance will not be part of your purchase price. If you have an essay, in-house technical staff that can fix things later on, that would be beneficial to your finances.
However, most business owners need to hire a professional, which usually costs at least a $100 an hour or more. If you do decide to use a traditional PBX for your business phone needs in essay Lively, VA, remember that if you need to david upgrade or expand later on, it can get expensive. Some PBX systems will only be able to support a small amount of lines. So if your business grows and votaire essay expands, adding additional lines will mean paying for more hardware. Big Boy. Unfortunately, a PBX system will also be subject to suicide be legalized essay breakdowns and problems, just like any other electronic system. You may end up paying high repair and hardware bills if something happens to your system. Plus, if it becomes obsolete, you may need to replace it every couple of sedaris big boy, years, costing your company even more money.
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Overview - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. To view this presentation, you'll need to big boy essay, enable Flash. PPT Overview PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 40773-ZjhiO. The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. . or they would not be called games'' - but look and see whether there is . Consequently, Cocke and Disney formulate technical conditions providing for the . PowerPoint PPT presentation. Ethnography Ethnomethodology Overview Personal background using ethnomethodlogically-i. nformed ethnography in IT research What is ethnography?
An ethnomethodological reading Questions and short break The radical studies of work programme A rough and ready example studying homes Questions. A Cautionary Word Ethnomethodology (EM) does not cast social. phenomenon in terms of conventional social. science distinctions and practices. Votaire On Tolerance! For example, EM does not exploit objective/subjective. dichotomy Or agency and structure Or macro and david sedaris, micro You will find these and other staple topics of. the social sciences discussed within the EM. literature but they are treated critically and. dispensed with as EM has no use for them, no work. for them to do See Wes Sharrock and Rod Watson Autonomy. among social theories the incarnation of social.
structures, Actions and Structure (ed. Fielding, N.), pp. 56-77, Sage, 1988. Wes Sharrock and Graham Button The social. actor social action in real time, Ethnomethodology and essays by camus, the Human Sciences (ed. Button, G.), pp. 137-175, Cambridge University. Square Pegs and Round Holes So you cant align EM with conventional social.
science A strange kind of Californian subjectivity its. not Garfinkels slogans EM is asymmetrically alternate EM is incommensurable EM is not available to conventional social. science Of course you can try to make EM answerable to. conventional social science but you will only end. up losing what it is about, you will misread it See Harold Garfinkel and Lawrence Wieder Two. incommensurable, asymmetrically alternate. technologies of social analysis, Text in. Context Contributions to Ethnomethodology (eds. Watson, G. and Seiler, S.M.), pp.175-206, Sage,
Setting Caution Aside Im not going to tell you why EM has no use for. the conventional distinctions and practices of. social science Dealing with these issues would take many. lectures And they are well documented - see Button, G. (ed.) Ethnomethodology and the Human Sciences, Cambridge University Press, 1991 for a. comprehensive introduction and treatment So why tell you, beyond inviting you to read into.
the matter? EM requires that you suspend the david sedaris big boy essay educated ways. in which you have been taught to make sense of. the social (Sacks 1992) - to suspend talking. about life in essays by camus terms of agency, structures, and.
the like - and demands that you step outside the. box Harvey Sacks On exchanging glances, in. Lectures on Conversation (ed. Jefferson, G.), Volume 1, Part 1, Fall 1964 - Spring 1965), pp. 81-94, Oxford Blackwell Publishers, 1992. Moving On What is david sedaris big boy essay, Ethnography? Put 20 different ethnographers in a room and you. will get 20 different answers So what does that tell us? That ethnography is a diverse enterprise. consisting of heterogeneous conceptions and.
practices Ethnography cannot be commonly defined - it has. the characteristics alluded to in Wittgensteins. aphorism about votaire essay on tolerance, games What is common to david big boy, them all? - Dont say There. must be something common, or they would not be. called games - but look and see whether there.
is anything common to all. - For if you look at. them you will not see something that is common to. all, but similarities, relationships, and a whole. series of them at that To repeat dont think, but look! To understand something of the salience of. Wittgensteinian thought to EM see, Jeff Coulter. The Social Construction of suicide be legalized, Mind Studies in. Ethnomethodology and david big boy, Linguistic Philosophy, Rowan. No Commonality?
But what about method? Surely ethnography minimally requires first-hand. observation, the be legalized essay immersion of a fieldworker in. some setting of david sedaris essay, social action? When doing ethnographic research one thing is. needful first-hand observation. Go and sit in.
the lounges of the luxury hotels and on the. doorsteps of the flophouses sit on the Gold. Coast settees and reverse drain essay, the slum shakedowns sit in the. orchestra hall and in sedaris the Star and Garter. burlesque. In short, gentlemen, go get the seat. of your pants dirty in real research. Robert Ezra Park, cited in Robert Prus Symbolic. Interaction and Ethnographic Research. Intersubjectivity and the Study of reverse, Human Lived. Experience, State University of New York Press,
1996. The problem is, what is meant by observation, setting and david sedaris big boy, immersion? Is a fieldworker who investigates news paper. reports by reading them doing observation by. immersion in a setting? See, for example, Lena Jayyusi The equivocal. text and essays by camus, the objective world an.
ethnomethodological analysis of a news report, The Australian Journal of david big boy, Media Culture, vol. 5. (1), 1991. http//wwwmcc.murdoch.edu.au/ReadingRoo. m/ 5.1/Jayyusi.html Well, yes. The point is votaire essay, that there is no. commonality of methods. Ethnography cannot be. pinned down. There is no definitive version.
Furthermore, old versions fall out of use and david, new. ones get created all the time (hence similarities. So Where Does That Leave Us? Trading in (competing) versions an. ethnomethodological version (one of many, EM not. a unified field) There is nothing special about ethnography Ethnographies are a staple feature of everyday. life the assisted member in the midst of witnessed actual. settings recognizes that witnessed settings have. an accomplished sense, an accomplished facticity, an accomplished accountability That. accomplishment consists of members doing, recognizing, and using ethnographies.
Harold Garfinkel Studies in Ethnomethodology, Prentice-Hall, 1967. Forget the terminology (close encounters with. difficult words), the point is that Garfinkel. sees ethnography as something that members do all. of the time (some examples) Ethnography is a members method for. investigating, observing, querying, articulating, understanding, recognizing, etc., social settings. from within the david sedaris flow of activities and events. that populate those settings What the method of the matter consists of is. EMs central concern and an issue that we will.
Lay and Professional Ethnographies If ethnography is a ubiquitous feature of. everyday life, something ordinary members do, why. is it part of the new world essays social science research. armoury? A distinction between lay and professional.
ethnographies a recognizable difference exists. as to the ways in sedaris which ethnographic materials. are analyzed It is not that in our capacity as ordinary. members we do not analyze ethnographic materials. - clearly an account of whats happening at work.
or a family members account of essay, his or her day is. open to analysis - but that as members (at home, at work, at play, etc.) we do so in different. ways to professional ethnographers. For example, classifying descriptions or treating. family members objectively - professional. approaches and methods have no place in members. analyses and are not answerable to them See Harold Garfinkel Studies of the david routine. grounds of everyday activities, Studies in. Ethnomethodology, pp.
35-75, Prentice-Hall, 1967. Professional Analysis Marked by different approaches and practices They come packaged in reports - i.e. professional ethnographies are textually rendered Even visual ethnographys rely on texts and, following the post-modern turn, rightly or. wrongly, may be construed of in be legalized essay textual ways More importantly, those texts are rendered or. constructed in one of two fundamental ways Through formal analysis, which renders. ethnographic materials in terms of coding.
schemes, taxonomies, grand theories or. narratives, models and other situationally absent. descriptions. See Harold Garfinkel and big boy, Harvey Sacks On formal. structures of practical action, Theoretical.
Sociology (eds. Essays By Camus! McKinney, J.C. and Tiryakian, E.), pp. 160-193, Apple-Century-Crofts, 1970. Ethnomethodologically, through thick description. of the practical action and practical reasoning. exhibited by members in the unfolding course of.
their activities together. Sedaris Big Boy! That is thick. description pace Gilbert Ryle who coined the. phrase, but not Clifford Geertz who popularized. it and made it answerable to film essay, formal analysis. Essay! See Gilbert Ryle The thinking of thoughts, University Lectures No.
18, University of. Saskatchewan 1971. http//lucy.ukc.ac.uk/CSACSIA/V. ol14/Papers/ryle_1.html Wes Sharrock and Robert Anderson Epistemology, Ethnomethodology and the Human Sciences (ed. Button, G.), pp.
51-76, Cambridge University. The Primacy of Description in Analysis Both approaches recognize that analysis is. intimately bound up with description - that the. way in which you describe something is. reflexively connected to your analysis. For example, consider the following sentence. The baby cried. Reverse Drain! The astronaut picked it up. David Sedaris! When you read this sentence the chances are that. they hear something strange, that something is. not right about it.
What is wrong is votaire, that the method of description. does not fit the scene. The method at david sedaris big boy work here. is one of votaire essay, membership categorization devices or. MCDs (Sacks 1972). Harvey SacksThe baby cried.
The mommy picked it. up, Lectures on Conversation (ed. Sedaris Big Boy! Jefferson, G.), Volume 1, Lecture 1, Spring 1966, pp. 236-242, Blackwell Publishers, 1992. Description and Analysis MCDs come in should be legalized families quite literally we might.
speak of david, mother, father, brother, aunt, cousin, etc., as belonging to a family of. categories. Similarly, the nets in africa categories. protestant, catholic, buddhist, etc., belong to the religious family of categories. The example The baby cried. Essay! The astronaut picked. it up. Essays By Camus! violates this ordinary members method of.
description, however (as you might intuitively. recognize). The descriptive categories baby and astronaut. are incongruent within the big boy context of the. sentence and the scene it describes. Baby and criticism, astronaut do not belong to the same. family of MCDs, they do not fit together, and so. they sound strange.
If we substitute astronaut for david sedaris big boy, mommy, however, the essay sentence starts to make sense, as. the categories mommy and sedaris big boy, baby belong to the. same MCD. See Jeff Coulter Logic ethnomethodology and. the logic of language, Ethnomethodology and the. Human Sciences (ed.
Button, G.), pp. 20-50, Cambridge University Press, 1991. Description and essay, Analysis? Of course it might asked if we are really. analyzing anything here? In response to that we. might briefly consider Sacks account of the. sentences properly construed.
When I hear The baby cried. The mommy picked. it up. one of the things I hear is sedaris, that the. mommy who picks the essays by camus baby up is the mommy of the. baby. Now its not only the case that I hear it.
that way - and of course theres no genitive. there to say its mommy picked it up, his. mommy, her mommy - when I hear it that way a. kind of interesting thing is that I also feel. pretty confident that all of you, at least the. natives among you, hear that also. David Sedaris Big Boy! Is that. magic? Its not magic of essays by camus, course but a matter of methods. of description and sedaris essay, MCDs in this case, which as. natural language speakers or natives we all. share and exploit to nets in africa, reason about - to analyze - the events we attend to.
So, the way in which things are described - the. methods employed, whether lay or professional - are intimately bound up with how things are. analyzed then, and this has a consequence for essay, how. ethnographies get done. Reflexivity of Description and brave essays, Analysis In producing ethnographic texts, both formal. analysis and ethnomethodology have an abiding. concern with reflexivity, but in very different. ways.
Formal analysis is largely concerned with. analytic reflexivity, a notion which came into. focus following the crisis of representation that. marked the post-modern turn in the social. sciences Analytic reflexivity (and its variants, e.g., positional reflexivity, textual reflexivity) is. directed towards critical self-reflection in. order to understand the ways in which the very. act of david sedaris, ethnography and ethnographic reportage. shapes our understanding of the social And is suicide be legalized essay, concerned to find solutions to the. professional belief that there is an inevitable.
degree of david sedaris big boy, cultural and subjective bias built into. the act ethnography and new world essays, ethnographic reportage See Doug Macbeth On reflexivity in. qualitative research two readings, and a third, Qualitative Inquiry, vol. 7, pp. David! 35-68, 2001.
Analytic Reflexivity and independent essay, EM EM respects the good sense and tradition of. critical reflection It does not except what Egon Bittner calls the. the self-indulgent concentration that marks. analytic reflexivity Concern with the ethnographers cultural context, position, influence, bias, textual practices, etc., pre-dates the post-modern turn And Bittner was fiercely critical of it then as. ethnomethodologists are now, suggesting that such. forms of self-absorption represent a pallid. ideology of sedaris big boy essay, cultural relativism Egon Bittner Objectivity and realism in. sociology, Phenomenological Sociology (ed. Psathas, G.), pp.
109-125, John Wiley, 1973. Mike Lynch Against reflexivity as an votaire essay, academic. virtue and source of privileged knowledge, Theory, Culture, and Society vol. 17, pp. David Big Boy Essay! 27-53,
So What is EMs Interest in Reflexivity? We are not now interested in professional. beliefs but in that outlook which takes over. when something must be done, for example, when. someone must do what needs doing to independent, successfully. take a plane across the country.
The point here. is that when someone has business with the world, or any part of it, he must be prepared to deal on. the worlds terms. What these terms are is not. reliably taken from what the timid have to say. Instead, the terms are, from case to case, in. what even the most radical of the radical comes. to see when he sees that sometimes some things. have to be done, and sometimes there is no. getting around certain things, no matter what, in. spite of all rational considerations.
Egon. Bittner EM is interested in the practical achievement of. social phenomenon In how things are done by parties to them, by. members, and done congregationally, collaboratively, in sedaris concert with others I.e., in how things are done as the essays by camus socially. organized affairs of everyday life Reflexivity is an essential and indispensable. feature of this achievement. Reflexivity in Ethnomethodology The reflexivity of accounts We offer the observation that persons, in that. they are heard to sedaris big boy essay, be speaking a natural language, somehow are heard to be engaged in the objective.
production and objective display of everyday. activities as observable and independent essay, reportable phenomena. What is it about sedaris, natural language that makes. these phenomena observable-reportable, i.e., account-able phenomena? The interests of. ethnomethodological research are directed to. provide, through detailed analyses, that.
account-able phenomena are through and through. practical accomplishments. We shall speak of essays by camus, the. work of that accomplishment in order to david sedaris, gain the. emphasis for it of an ongoing course of action. Garfinkel and Sacks (1970) Accounts are features of talk and talk is a. feature of all social settings Ethnomethodology suggests that it is through. talking - through the ongoing production of. accounts - that members reflexively produce the.
social settings they inhabit as objective. features of everyday life EM is essays by camus, exclusively dedicated to uncovering how in. the ongoing production of david sedaris essay, their accounts - in. their work together - members come to essay, organize. everyday life and reflexively produce the. everyday settings they inhabit It is david essay, here, however, that ethnomethodologists. Orienting to independent film essay, the Reflexivity of david sedaris essay, Accounts Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis EM developed by essays by camus, Garfinkel, CA by david big boy, Sacks Often spoken about in the same breathe, as if. they were concerned with the same things To some extent they are but there are fundamental.
differences between the two, which impact on. analytic treatment of the reflexivity of accounts The difference revolves around formulations Formulations are integral features of talk, when. we talk we formulate remarks, questions, greetings, disputes, etc. Votaire Essay! Formulation is essay, a pervasive moment-by-moment. feature of talk that never stops - open your. mouth and you are doing it again (and you need. Handling Formulations CA takes it that the brave work of everyday life is. to be found in david sedaris big boy essay members formulations and on tolerance, has, over the years, uncovered a turn-taking. machinery organizing the production of sedaris big boy, talk and. the organized affairs of everyday life Harvey Sacks, Emanuel Schegloff, and Gail.
Jefferson A simplest systematics for the. organization of assisted suicide essay, turn-taking in conversation, Language, vol. 50, pp. 696-735, 1974. EM takes it that while an accountable feature of. everyday life, formulations do not make the. work of everyday life - and thus the socially. organized production of everyday settings - available Instead the work of everyday life becomes a. feature of the david sedaris essay turn-taking machinery the work of.
everyday life has been substituted by CA for brain drain essay, an. analytic apparatus then Mike Lynch, M. Scientific Practice and david sedaris big boy, Ordinary. Action Ethnomethodological and votaire on tolerance, Social Studies of. Science, Cambridge University Press, 1993. Mike Lynch and big boy, Dave Bogen Harvey Sacks.
primitive natural science, Theory, Culture and. Society, vol. 11, pp. 65-104, 1994. EM Treatment of essays by camus, Formulations While formulations do work - i.e., are. constituent features of david big boy, greetings, questions, disputes, and the rest - they are not the nets in africa work. of setting Rather, formulations make the work of a setting.
observable and reportable or account-able. What the work is - what members practical. achievement of congregationally produced everyday. settings (workplaces, homes, football matches, etc.) consists of david big boy, - is not shown by film essay, examining. members formulations then, even if those.
formulations are part and parcel of the settings. ongoing production here and david sedaris big boy, now So, while EM recognizes formulations and pays. foundational attention to them, it is not in the. same way as CA For EM, analytic attention is not to be directed. towards members formulations per se - and work. attributed to the workings of an analytic.
apparatus - but to the practical actions and. activities accomplished by members over the. unfolding course of nets in africa, doing and recognizing. formulations. It might otherwise be said that while members. formulations provide the initial focus for EM. study and sedaris, analysis, the work they accomplish is. the primary object of independent film essay, analysis, as it is in the. work that formulations do that the social.
organization of everyday settings becomes visible. Making Work Visible So EM is different to CA in that is concerned to. uncover what work talk accomplishes rather than. how talk works How does EM go about uncovering work - i.e., the practical, socially organized achievement of. everyday life? Like social science research generally, by. consulting or eliciting information from.
members. David Sedaris Essay! The question is, how is consultation. done? Fundamentally, essentially, without evasion, EM. suspends the nets in africa use of david essay, social science methods as a. means of consultation - and that includes. theorising Why? Because EM sees theorising not only brave criticism as a. means of representation but reflexively as a. method of description, which involves rendering. everyday life in terms of a priori, situationally.
absent formulations Harvey Sacks Sociological description, Berkeley Journal of Sociology, vol. 8, pp. 1-16, 1963. Melinda Baccus Sociological indication and the. visibility criterion of real world social. theorising, Ethnomethodological Studies of Work. (ed. Garfinkel, H.), pp. 1-19, Routledge and.
Kegan Paul, 1986. And what EM wants to david big boy essay, get at in the first instance. is members formulations, and in the second. Methods and independent essay, EM Whose methods? As Garfinkel and Wieder (1992) put it, Just in any actual case a phenomenon of order. be it paid labour, domestic life, play, education, prison, driving, walking down the. street, etc. already possesses whatever as. methods methods could be Or as Lynch (1993) describes EMs position on. methods, Methods (whether avowedly scientific or not) do not provide a priori guarantees, and the. initial requirement for an ethnomethodological.
investigator is to find ways to elucidate methods. from within the relevant competence systems to. which they are bound. As far as EM is big boy, concerned, whatever method. might be is not to nets in africa, found in the academy, in. social science tutorials, seminars, lectures, textbooks, and the like Other than as objects of EM study, as the academy. is an everyday setting possessed of its own. methods just as every other setting in everyday. life is possessed So you know as a member what sorts of big boy, methods are. at work in your academic and/or research. setting, but what methods are at essays by camus work in david sedaris the.
everyday settings you are researching? That is the animal in the foliage EM is after - members methods Consequently, EM has no work for methods to do - that is, textbook methods and the like - so it. Abandoning Method But surely methods are required? The point is votaire on tolerance, that no special methods are required. to uncover members methods - nothing that. requires a social science degree You may, however, require a degree in some other. discipline If you want to uncover members methods in. mathematics, for big boy essay, example See Eric Livingstone The Ethnomethodological. Foundations of Mathematics, Routledge and Kegan. Paul, 986.
Harold Garfinkel An ethnomethodological study. of the work of Galileos inclined plane. demonstration of the real motion of free falling. bodies, Ethnomethodologys Program Working Out. Durkheims Aphorism, pp. 263-285, Rowman and.
Littlefield, 2001. Assisted Suicide Essay! Why? Because uncovering the david methods with which. everyday activities are possessed requires that. you have a vulgar competence in those very.
Developing Vulgar Competence The unique adequacy requirement of methods for analysts to essays by camus, recognize, or identify, or. follow the development of, or describe phenomena. of order in local production of coherent detail. the analyst must be vulgarly competent in the. local production and reflexively natural.
accountability of the david sedaris phenomena of nets in africa, order he is. studying. We will replace the abbreviation. studying with the specific requirement that the. analyst be, with others, in a concerted. competence of methods with which to recognize, identify, follow, display, and describe phenomena. of order in local productions of coherent detail.
These are uniquely possessed in, and as of, the. objects endogenous local production and natural. accountability. (Garfinkel and Wieder 1992) Vulgar competence means that you can understand. how what it is that members are doing is being. done so as to reflexively produce the david sedaris essay organized. affairs of everyday life That how consists of the drain essay work of the matter and. methods organizing the works production, and. it is david sedaris big boy essay, as Garfinkel puts it EMs distinctive.
prize We shall consider what that prize consists of in. the next section on radical studies of work. Ethnomethodologys Prize Radical studies of work What are they? Develop an answer to that question by looking at. their origins Edmund Husserls phenomenology The Idea of should assisted suicide, Phenomenology (trans. Hardy, L.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.
Concerned with the production of objective or. positive knowledge in the natural sciences Husserl wanted to sedaris essay, understand how positive. knowledge is possible Not questioning truth or correctness, that is nets in africa, for. the sciences themselves to do. Instead, wants to understand on what foundations. positive knowledge stands and emerges from EM not doing phenomenology but inspired by.
Husserls studies and those of his proteges, Martin Heidegger and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. because the focus of their studies, because of. what it is they are oriented to. Phenomenological Origins The possibility of objective knowledge Foundations positive knowledge originates from. the natural attitude where objects are given.
in various ways to experience as. independent of the particular observer. Husserls problem To say that positive knowledge. is, in the various technical ways of the natural. sciences, given by an objects availability to. experience is david big boy essay, not enough to account for objective. knowledge. Husserl wants to brain, know how it is. possible for objective knowledge to be given in. the first place?
More precisely, Husserl wants to know how it is. possible for knowledge to sedaris big boy, make contact with an. objective world and reverse drain, so transcend individual. Making Contact with a Transcendent Sources of knowing what is unclear is the contact with a. transcendent that is ascribed to knowledge, to. knowing knowing is something other than the. known object How can I understand this. possibility?
Naturally, the answer is I could. only understand it if the relation itself could. be given, as something that could be seen. Positive knowledge is given in the relationship. between the knowing subject and known object What does that relationship consist of?
Natural science account formal methods described. in scientific texts The problem with formal methods descriptions Formal methods and descriptions are certainly. not useless, and sedaris big boy essay, learning to independent film, compose step-by-step. instructions is an big boy, important point of scientific. training, but such accounts do not provide the. stable grounds for reproducing a practice. Although it is possible to essay, reproduce an. observation from a written description, a text. can only allude to what eventually may count as a. replication of the observation It might be more.
advisable to say that methods accounts are part. and parcel of the concerted practices that enable. them to be descriptive and big boy essay, instructive. Mike. Lynch Scientific Practice and Ordinary Action Formal methods rely on essay some unspecified. phenomenon - the david big boy essay relationship between knowing and. known object consists, then, of undocumented. Documenting the Undocumented Unpacking the votaire on tolerance knowing-known relationship The optical discovery of pulsar NP 0532 Done by astronomers John Cocke and Michael Disney. on the david sedaris big boy evening of January 16th 1969 John Cocke, Michael Disney and Don Taylor.
Discovery of optical signals from pulsar NP. 0532, Nature, vol. 221, February 8th, 1969. Imagine the situation in nets in africa the astronomy. community in sedaris essay 1968. Nets In Africa! A graduate student doing some. ordinary measurements of radio stars has come. across a phenomenon that is truly extraordinary.
A star is blinking on and off ten times per. second. How could this be? How could a star turn. its radio emissions on big boy essay and off so rapidly? In any. star there exists a fire of incredible. temperature - hotter than the film essay largest furnace on.
earth. David Sedaris Essay! How could it turn on, then off, over and. over again? Astronomers all over the world begin to essays by camus, look for. other pulsars, and sedaris essay, sure enough, such objects.
are everywhere in the skies All, however, can. only be detected by their radio waves Would. anyone locate a pulsar which emitted so much. energy that it could be observed with ordinary. light? Some of the most famous astronomers. enter the race, equipped with the world's largest. telescopes. The winners, however, are two unknown.
young scientists who had only recently met. Whats more, they had never before operated a. telescope. The American Institute of essay, Physics. tml So how did Cocke and Disney come to know pulsar. Optical Discovery of Pulsar NP 0532 Studying the nights work Garfinkel, Livingston and Lynch got their hands. on audio tape recordings of the nights work from. the American Institute of Physics They examined the tapes to big boy essay, see how Cocke and. Disneys observations were shaped over the night. in their work together and in the company of. another astronomer, Bob McCallister Harold Garfinkel, Eric Livingston and Mike Lynch.
The work of a discovering science construed with. materials from the optically discovered pulsar, Philosophy of the Social Sciences, vol. Nets In Africa! 11, pp. 131-158, 1981. Having examined the david sedaris essay tapes they focused. particularly on how the astronomers work evolved. from identifying a vague object-of-sorts (which. had neither demonstrable sense nor concrete. astronomical reference in the first instance), to.
identifying a transcendent Independent Galilean. Object (IGO) - a pulsar - available to the. scrutiny of the wider scientific community. In details of the astronomers talk together, the. tapes documented an unfolding series of. observations or scientific episodes over the. course of which pulsar NP 0532 came into essays, view. Unpacking the sedaris essay Observations Examining account-able features Observation 18. McCallister Theres a nice dip on assisted be legalized the side of.
that sky. Im going to sedaris big boy essay, turn this thing the. oscilloscope down. Disney Weve got a bleeding pulse here. Cocke Hey! Wow! You dont suppose thats really. it, do you? Cant be.
Disney Its right bang in the middle of independent film essay, the. period. Look, I mean right bang in david sedaris big boy essay the middle of. the scale on the screen. It really looks like. something from here to at the essays moment to me. Cocke Hmm.
Disney And its growing too. Essay! I wont believe it. until we get a second one pulse. Cocke I wont believe it until we get the. second one and votaire essay, until the thing has shifted. somewhere else on the horizontal axis of the. Account-able Features of Obs. 18 Working up a sense of the known object a nice dip on the side of that sky reveals a. pulse but it is not a given pulse, not a. practically observable and practically objective. pulse, but a dubitable pulse, one whose. facticity, which although suspected, is doubted. at this point in time.
The pulse represents a potential Independent. Galilean Object, which in the current flow of. their talk assumes the status of a vague. object-of-sorts an object whose facticity stands. in need of verification. Consequently, Cocke and Disney formulate. technical conditions providing for the prima.
facie facticity of the object to-hand. These. conditions include 1) reproducing the Observation such that a. second pulse is sedaris big boy essay, detected, and 2) looking for a shift in the objects. on-screen representation. This latter condition is predicated on new world the.
suspicion that the visibility of the david sedaris essay object. right bang in the middle of the scale may be an. artefact of the brave new world technology a subsequent correct. reading should place the object elsewhere on the. Verifying the david sedaris big boy essay Object Observation 19. Disney Beginning. Disney My God, its still there. Its as good.
as it was, or better than it was last time. Cocke It disturbs me, thats right in the. middle of the screen. Disney It isnt John, look. Cocke Its moved a little bit. Should Essay! McCallister If you get the right frequency then. itll be more or less the same place, wouldnt.
it? Disney It should be more or less, you wont be. exactly the same place. Disney Thats a bloody pulse isnt it. Cocke Lets move off that position and do. somewhere else and see if we get the david sedaris big boy same thing. I hope to God this isnt some sort of artefact of. Doing Verification Work Reproducing the observation, subject to emerging. contingencies Condition 1 is readily satisfied in this.
Observation, indeed its better than it was last. time. The satisfaction of Condition 2 is still in. dispute, however. Although the on-screen. representation of the pulse has shifted a little, it is not enough to determine whether or not the. pulse is some sort of artefact of the. instrumentation. Essays By Camus! Judgements as to the facticity of the object. to-hand are suspended and a further technical.
condition is formulated. Condition 3 specifies moving the telescope (.25. of a millimetre northwards). David Big Boy! This positional check confirms that the criticism equipment. is working properly and results, in the following. Observation, in david sedaris big boy essay the reproduction of the pulse and.
a shift in its on-screen position corresponding. to the movement of the telescope The readings have been verified to their. satisfaction and they conclude that a pulsar has. Formalising the Object Observation 22 Disney We should be able to work out independent essay, how many. photons coming in per second to this pulse, right? Cocke Well, we should be, yeah. Disney Can we get the actual number can we. read off digitally the number of photons in each.
channel subsequent to this? Cocke Oh yeah. Disney Now the fun begins, weve got to write. out some sort of david sedaris big boy essay, programme to reverse essay, reduce this tape. and have the whole lot go in so Cocke I dont think we need to reduce the damn. tape. Sedaris! Disney No.
Cocke We have wed have to reverse, reduce the tape. only if we saw nothing or just a bare little hint. Making the david sedaris essay Object Available Measurement Having established the facticity of the should assisted suicide essay object, the astronomers formulate ways in which the the. object may be found and verified by other members. of the astronomical community. Sedaris Big Boy Essay! In order to achieve this, they examine their data. for its measurable properties (such as photons. per second). With these exact measures, other astronomers.
may reproduce the essays by camus observation, and in the. technical ways of their discipline, see Pulsar NP. 0532 for themselves. David Big Boy! The Crab Pulsar, discovered by radio. astronomers in November 1968, was seen to pulsate. in optical light in January 1969 (Cocke et al. 1969) by three groups within a matter of days. Brian Kern (2002), PhD Thesis, Optical.
Pulse-Phased Observations of Faint Pulsars with a. Phase-Binning CCD Camera. The Knowing-Known Relationship Lived work Examining the accountable features of the nights. work revealed the lived work whereby Cocke and. Disney came to know pulsar NP 5302 That work consisted of an unfolding series of.
observations populated by a host of concerted. practical activities The nights work was socially organized in terms. of configuring the equipment, doing verification. work (including reproducing observations subject. emergent contingencies), formalising the object, and so on It was through this unfolding, socially.
organized, course of lived work that a vague. object-of-sorts came into view and was. transformed into a definite astronomical object. having properties that exist independent of the. people, the place and the equipment with which it. was discovered and which make it available to. So What? The lived account and the formal account At no point in Cocke and Disneys account of NP.
0532 does the lived work of the nets in africa objects. production and recognition - its discovery - figure The lived work of the discovery - of how they. come to see and david sedaris, know NP 0532 - is completely. absent from their account (as it is absent from. scientific accounts generally) The source of independent, knowing - the lived work - is. entirely absent, yet it is through this work that. the relationship between knowing and known object. is given (and account-ably so) The lived work is substituted for the formal. account and divorced from what Husserl called the.
vital practices from which the possibility of. knowledge emerges There is, then, what Garfinkel calls a gap in. the literature, not only david sedaris big boy of scientific practice, but of reverse brain drain essay, everyday activities generally and it is. towards filling this gap that the radical studies. of work programme is directed. Why Radical? Inverting the accounting relationship Suspending the use of formal methods to big boy, account. for everyday activities And instead orienting to, focusing on, and.
treating as a topic in their own right, the. vital practices organizing the lived work of a. setting as made available in members accounts Natural organization instead of formal. organization then how things are organized on. the ground by parties to them (not dispensing. with the formal (e.g., method, procedure, rules, etc.) but, where it is an issue, unpacking how. it is concertedly achieved A note on vital practices and members methods. the two terms are different ways of speaking.
about the same thing and that is the visibly and. materially embodied ways in which people concert. their everyday activities and get them done There are other terms too work-practice is. very common these days and, a phrase that. propelled the radical studies of work programme, the missing interactional what of formal. The Missing Interactional What The orientation of on tolerance, EM studies Harvey Sacks speaks of essay, a curiosity in the work. and history of the social sciences the nets in africa missing. interactional what in sedaris big boy lay and professional. studies of organization.
Several observable. phenomena make specific what he is be legalized, talking about. 1) Available for observation is the omnipresence. of accountable organizations of commonplace. activities like families, faculties, traffic, welfare agencies, hospitals, manufacturing plants, city governments, or. street gangs. 2) It is a matter for observation. too that endlessly many inquiries accompany these. accountable organizations as constituent features.
of them. It is to be observed in sedaris these. accountable organizations and their inquiries. that the occasioned, embodied, interactional. just-so just-what of ordinary activities remains. ignored, unknown, unsuspected, and essay, unmissed as. technical phenomena. 3) Finally, there is to be. observed that 1) and 2) taken together compose a. technical phenomenon that is discoverable, is. consequential, and for the study of naturally.
organized activities is criterial. The phenomenon. consists of the essential, used, and ignored. relevance to the collaborated production of the. orderliness in, of, and as ordinary activities, of the occasioned, embodied, interactional. just-so-and-just-what of ordinary activities. Harold Garfinkel, unpublished manuscript. Working the Orientation Studying and representing naturally organized.
activities Focus on lived work as articulated in members. accounts, or shopwork and shoptalk as. Garfinkel puts it Harold Garfinkel Ethnomethodologys program, Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 59 (1), pp. 5-21, 1996.
Examine shopwork and sedaris, shoptalk to identify its. endogenous socially organized features - i.e., the organizational features that are internal to. and exhibited by nets in africa, that shopwork and shoptalk. (e.g., configuring the equipment, doing. verification, and formalising objects in. astronomical work) Representing the david essay social organization of votaire on tolerance, everyday. activities in terms of their witnessable.
haecceities - i.e., the specific details of. everyday activities that make them the activities. that they recognizably are So, not just doing verification, for example, but doing verification by formulating. verification conditions, reproducing the. observation in accordance with those conditions, and formulating further verification conditions. to rule in or out artefacts of the technology Through description of haecceities EM seeks to. exhibit the ways in david sedaris which everyday activities are.
naturally organized by parties to them. Exhibiting Social Organization Durkheims social facts Social structures that exist above and nets in africa, beyond. the individual and shape his or her everyday. activities (IGOs) These structures of action are formally specified. in the social sciences (e.g., Marxs model of. capital, Webers bureaucratic model, Parsons. social system, and more recently, actor-network. theory) Formal studies seek to explain social facts but. not do not show how they come into existence as.
lived features of sedaris, members everyday activities, recognized, produced and shaped by them in their. work together Distinctively, EM does not attempt to explain. Durkheimanian social facts, but to show or. exhibit them as and in details of their. concerted, real world, real time achievement EM studies do NOT correspond to Durkheims. social facts. Nor do they copy Durkheims social. facts. Nor do they imitate, represent, write in. place of, offer as a plan, schema, essence, or.
model for essays by camus, Durkheims social facts. Instead they. exhibit Durkheims social facts Described. from the david bottom up each study specifies the. particular social facts identifying orderliness Harold Garfinkel Autochthonous order. properties of new world essays, formatted queues, Ethnomethodologys Program Working Out. Durkheims Aphorism, Rowman Littlefield, Generalizing Exhibits EM doesnt Generalization is part of the formal social.
science machinery that EM eschews Generalization begs the question of validity, which EM addresses not by formalising its. findings (through quantitative methods, for. example), but by the availability of its studies. to members EM studies are corrigible sketches of social. organization, and may as such, be agreed with or.
contested by essay, members (Garfinkel and assisted, Wieder 1992) EM studies are also studies of situated action. and do not set out to david essay, make claims about the. society at large (so again, we have no work for. generalization to do) That is new world criticism, not to say that there is no ubiquity to. EM studies, that EM is sedaris essay, micro social science - e.g., CA and the turn-taking machine. Other Ubiquitous Settings Understanding work, organization and film essay, technology Propelled by big boy, early studies (e.g., of the nature. of rules and procedures in independent essay organizations) Egon Bittner The concept of david sedaris, organization, Social Research, vol.
32, pp. 239-255, 1965. Don Zimmerman The practicalities of rule use, Understanding Everyday Life Toward the. Reconstruction of Sociological Knowledge (ed. Douglas, J.D.), pp. 221-238, Routledge and Kegan. Paul, 1973. Lead to adoption of EM in industrial IT research. labs (Xerox, Intel, Microsoft and many other. companies besides) Lucy Suchman Plans and Situated Actions The.
Problem of Human-Machine Communication, Cambridge. University Press, 1987. Graham Button (ed.) Technology in Working Order. Studies of Work, Interaction, and Technology, Routledge, 1992. Instrumental in development of Computer Supported. Cooperative Work See the Association of Computing Machinerys. digital library http//portal.acm.org Now a diverse field of study both in terms of IT. research and the new domains that computing is.
moving into film essay, (domestic life, health, science, education, etc.) Driven by the need to understand how people. actually work together and david big boy, organize everyday. activities in nets in africa diverse settings. A Final Word Either/Or? The law of the excluded middle With its rejection of formal machinery at all.
points, EM is often construed as being. antithetical to formal social science research And ethnomethodology certainly provides the. grounds for making a sustained critique, one. which sets up an either/or choice While it is true that you cannot do EM studies. through formal means without losing EMs prize, that does not mean that FA and sedaris big boy essay, EM need be at. loggerheads Rather than see EM as competing with FA, it might. be more profitable to votaire on tolerance, see EM as complementary to. FA EM will always be alternate an incommensurable as. a research approach, but in exhibiting social. facts EM provides insights that FA cannot and.
never will be able to (and, of course, the. inverse is true) The only david choice to be made is essay, whether or not to.
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Analysis of She Walks in Beauty by Lord Byron Essay Sample. In Lord Byron’s poem, She Walks in Beauty, the poet praises a woman’s beauty. Yet, the poet not only focuses on david big boy, the external appearance of the woman but extends his glorification onto the internal aspect of her, making the woman more divine and praiseworthy. In this analysis, we will first discuss the meaning of the poem, and later consider some of the poetic mechanisms and the form that the poet used to make his poem richer. The first stanza of the poem describes the physical appearance of the woman. Byron starts the poem with the phrase “She walks in beauty, like the night/ Of cloudless climes and starry skies;.”(1-2) Here, the poet creates an image of a dark, clear sky with twinkling stars, and make a contrast between brightness and darkness. This contrast could mean diverse things, such as “black hair” and “white skin”, or “deep, black eyes” and “clear, white parts of the eyes.” The image created by this contrast represents the cloth the woman is wearing; a black dress with sparkles on essay on tolerance, it. In the next line, “And all that’s best of sedaris big boy essay, dark and bright/ Meet in her aspect and her eyes:,”(3-4) we see how the opposite characteristics of darkness and brightness mentioned in previous lines reappear to mingle and create a wonderful harmony. In the last two lines of this stanza, we see another contrast in imagery.
The darkness and brightness from lines above have “mellowed”(5) to become a “tender light,”(5) and this gets contrasted with the expression “gaudy day,”(6) which inheres a negative connotation of excessiveness. Thus, the woman that the poet is praising is in great balance. Opposites “meet” in the woman to create a calm, soft image. The second stanza of She Walks in Beauty continues to praise the woman’s appearance, but starting from line 11, the poet extends this external beauty onto the woman’s personality. In the phrase “Had half impaired the nameless grace,”(8) the poet tells us that the brain drain essay, woman’s face is in such a perfect portion that just a slight change would damage it. From the expression “half impaired,” we could once again draw out two significant meanings.
First, it could mean that although the balance is destroyed, the beauty will still be half marvelous because it is sedaris big boy, only “half impaired.” Or, if we focus on the notion of “imperfection” when something is in half, the poet might be emphasizing the current, “greatly balanced” status of the woman’s appearance which should not be destroyed. Essays By Camus. The expression “nameless grace”(8) is also significant. By adding the word “nameless” in front of the word “grace,” the david, poet enlarged the woman’s beauty and greatness, thereby suggesting it as something so priceless that can’t be defined nor expressed as a name. We could also understand that the woman has a black hair from the expression “Which waves in every raven tress,.”(9) Compared with conventional qualities of “beauty” during the time when Byron wrote this poem, “black hair” which this woman has is extraordinary. This distinctiveness amplifies the woman’s beauty, as she distinguishes herself from others. Lastly, in the last two lines, “Where thoughts serenely sweet express/ How pure, how dear their dwelling-place.,”(11-12) we start to see how the essays by camus, woman’s inner beauty is reflected in her appearance. “Dwelling-place,”(12) which is where the mind and the spirit belong, is david sedaris essay, also sweet and pure. Reverse Brain Drain Essay. With this perfect inner quality added to sedaris big boy, her external beauty, the woman becomes more perfect as she possesses beauty inside out. The last stanza also talks both about the woman’s inner and outer characteristics.
Her cheek and essays by camus her smiles are beautiful. In the phrases “days in goodness spent,”(16) “mind at peace,”(17) and david sedaris big boy essay “heat whose love is innocent,”(18) we understand that the essay, woman’s inner thoughts are also as pure and graceful just as her appearance. As in previous stanzas, he once again shows the theme of this poem, which is the woman’s physical beauty along with her internal beauty. Now, let’s go on to analyzing the form of She Walks in Beauty. This poem takes the form of ABABAB-CDCDCD-EFEFEF, each line composed of an iambic tetrameter. Different with forms of sonnets which usually have an “explosion” at david sedaris big boy, the ending part of the poem, She Walks in Beauty carries on the “ABABAB” pattern all throughout the essays by camus, poem, making the poem organized as the harmonious woman. Added to sedaris essay, this, the great use of simple rhymes creates a soft atmosphere, seemingly portraying the nature of the woman. Also, the repetition of the “unstressed-stressed” words gives us a soft, stepping rhythm. Just as the poet had described in essays by camus the first two lines how pleasantly the sedaris big boy essay, woman walks in her dress, it gives a walking-like rhythm and a flow to essays by camus, the overall poem. It is interesting to see how this regular rhythm of big boy, “unstressed-stressed” pattern changes in should assisted suicide be legalized essay line 4and the word “Meet”(4) gets stressed, emphasizing how the contrasting values of darkness and brightness “meet” in the woman and essay creates a harmony. Next, let’s look at the five major poetic mechanisms Byron used in this poem.
First, the poet uses personification such as “smiles that win”(15) and independent “heart whose love is david essay, innocent,”(18) to vividly describe the woman’s soft smiles and pure heart. Second, there is independent film essay, a use of synesthesia in the expression “tender light.”(5) Mixture of a visual sense and a tactile sense amplifies the sedaris essay, image of softness that the independent, woman possesses. Third, use of similes and metaphors in parts “like the night,”(1) “nameless grace / which waves in every raven trees,”(8-9) the poet compares “grace”(8), the quality of the woman, to an observable phenomenon “raven trees”(9) and makes the portray more clear. Fourth, Byron also uses metonymies like “smiles”(15) to represent “the woman,” and “heaven”(6) to represent “god.” Lastly, to give the poem a smooth flow, the poet uses alliteration in parts such as “cloudless climes,”(2) “starry skies,”(2) “day denies,”(6) and “serenely sweet.”(11) These intended usages of words contribute also in david essay deepening the meaning of the words. We could associate the sound of “starry skies,”(2) represented by the sound ‘s,’ with the woman’s skirt dragging on the ground, and the sound of ‘d’ in “day denies,”(6) with the feeling of denial and rejection. To summarize, the on tolerance, overall tone of She Walks in Beauty is david sedaris big boy essay, soft and calm, quite different with the image we have about poet, Lord Byron. Perhaps this extreme contrast between the lovely poem and the author who have lived a dissipated lifestyle makes the poem touches us stronger. We could vividly feel how strong Byron’s admiration of the woman was.
Use of soft and simple languages rather than heavy, intellectual words is also significant, as it demonstrates the pure, easily noticeable beauty of the woman. Brave. The woman portrayed in this poem must have been truly beautiful to catch Byron’s attention at once, and make him write such a vivid poem. Is this the perfect essay for big boy essay you? Save time and order Analysis of independent, She Walks in david Beauty by Lord Byron. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Film. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Analysis of She Walks in Beauty by Lord Byron. The beauty of women has been valued for such a long time. Writers tried to describe women#8217;s beauty in their poems and novels, painters drew beautiful women in their paintings,#8230;
Lord Byron: Sonnet on Chillon (A formalist explication) This poem dramatizes the conflict between liberty and big boy tyranny, specifically in instances where tyrannical forces attempt to squelch liberty by imprisoning those who champion her virtues. The speaker presents a#8230; Analysis of votaire, poem #8220;The Door#8221; by Miroslav Holub. The concept of #8220;The Door#8221; is based on the idea of taking risks and embracing change. The poet uses a persuasive and insistent tone to encourage the audience to sedaris big boy essay, take#8230; A Mans Requirements. Poetry has always been a way to express an individual’s feelings, when he or she cannot find the right words to nets in africa, say or if that individual has been going through#8230; Pied Beauty Critical Appreciation.
Nineteenth-century English poet and essay priest Gerard Manley Hopkins is admired for the highly original use of essay, rhythm in his poetry, a quality that can be seen in the following poems,#8230; #8216;Telephone Conversation#8217; by Wole Soyinka analysis. In #8216;Telephone Conversation#8217;, the david, poet conveys his disappointment and anger about being discriminated by nets in africa the Caucasian unfairly just because he is an African by portraying the sedaris big boy, telephone conversation between himself#8230;
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clinton resume By John Perazzo. By John Perazzo. October 14, 2016. By Roger Aronoff. November 2, 2016. By Discover The Networks. November 5, 2016. By Jen Kuznicki. September 3, 2016.
By Jen Kuznicki. By David Horowitz. By Discover The Networks. By John Perazzo. By Women Speak Out and America Rising. By Dan Calabrese. Truths that Need to Be Told about david sedaris essay Hillary Clinton, From Dick Morris. January 24, 2014.
By Sharyl Attkisson. January 29, 2016. By Tami Jackson. By Tami Jackson. By Tami Jackson. HILLARY'S COLLEGE THESIS ON SAUL ALINSKY: By Hillary D. Rodham. By Amanda B. Carpenter. By Alana Goodman.
September 21, 2014. Was First Lady of the United States during the presidency of her husband, Bill Clinton Served as Democratic U.S. Senator representing New York State from 2001-2009 Was Named U.S. On Tolerance! Secretary of State by President-elect Barack Obama in December 2008. HILLARY'S ADMIRATION FOR SAUL ALINSKY. Alinsky is regarded by many as the proponent of a dangerous socio/political philosophy.
As such, he has been feared -- just as Eugene Debs [the five-time Socialist Party candidate for sedaris U.S. President] or Walt Whitman or Martin Luther King has been feared, because each embraced the most radical of political faiths -- democracy. Her conclusion also included this sentence: “If the ideals Alinsky espouses were actualized, the brave new world criticism essays result would be social revolution.” RADICAL INFLUENCES AT YALE LAW SCHOOL. IMMERSION IN LEFTWING CAUSES. WORKING TO IMPEACH PRESIDENT NIXON.
DEFENDING AND PLEA BARGAINING ON BEHALF OF A KNOWN CHILD RAPIST. . The victim in sedaris the 1975 sexual abuse case that became Clinton’s first criminal defense case as a 27-year-old lawyer has only spoken to criticism the media once since her attack, a contested, short interaction with a reporter in 2008, during Clinton’s last presidential campaign run. Now 52, she wants to speak out after hearing Clinton talk about her case on newly discovered audio recordings from the 1980s, unearthed by sedaris big boy essay, the Washington Free Beacon and made public this week. (NOTE: In the 1980s interview with Roy Reed, Mrs. Clinton said that she had accepted Taylor's case as a favor to the prosecutor. But years later, in July 2014 -- after the essays by camus Reed interview had been made public -- Clinton issued a videotaped statement contradicting that assertion: She said: I was appointed by the local judge to represent a criminal defendant who had been accused of rape. I asked to be relieved of big boy that responsibility, but I was not, and essays by camus, I had a professional duty to represent my client to the best of my ability, which I did. When you're a lawyer, you often don't have a choice as to who you will represent . ) MARRIAGE TO BILL CLINTON. AFFILIATION WITH PRESIDENT CARTER AND THE LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION.
WORKING WITH LEFTIST ORGANIZATIONS. FIRST LADY OF THE UNITED STATES. Hillary and Michael Lerner (The Politics of Meaning) The Health Care Task Force Scandal. Hillary and Radical Clerics. During the 1990s, Mrs. Clinton spent eight years faithfully attending Foundry United Methodist Church in Washington, D.C., which was then pastored by the Rev. Dr. J. Philip Wogaman.
Wogaman had made his political worldview clear in his many writings and sermons over the years. For instance, in 1990, a year after the fall of the Berlin Wall, he wrote that “Christian socialism's critique of the excesses and brutalities and idolatries of the free market still need to be heard.” On an earlier occasion, he had lauded the “modest but real economic success” of Communist Cuba and China. As long ago as 1967, Wogaman had written: The USSR is characteristic of the big boy more tolerant Communist arrangements for religion. Film! In Russia there are specific constitutional guarantees of freedom of worship, and some provision has even been made for the upkeep of churches and theological seminaries. Hillary's Nasty, Disrespectful Treatment of Secret Service Military Personnel. In his 2014 boo k The First Family Detail , bestselling author Ronald Kessler writes that during Mrs. David Big Boy Essay! Clinton's years as First Lady, she was known and drain essay, despised by Secret Service agents and military personnel for the nasty treatment, explosive temper, and big boy, imperious attitude she conveyed toward them. Should Assisted Suicide Be Legalized Essay! “Agents say being on david big boy Hillary Clinton’s detail is the worst duty assignment in the Secret Service,” writes Kessler. “Being assigned to her detail is a form of nets in africa punishment.” In August 2014, t he Daily Mail provided the following details from Kessler's book: “‘We were basically told, the Clintons don’t want to see you, they don’t want to hear you, get of the way,’ according to a former Secret Service agent.” “She didn’t like law enforcement officers or the military, former Secret Service agent Lloyd Bulman stated. ‘She was just really rude to almost everybody. David Sedaris Big Boy! She’d act like she didn’t want you around, like you were beneath her.’ She went years without speaking to some agents.” “In response to brain drain essay a cheerful ‘Good morning, ma’am,’ by big boy essay, a former uniformed officer, Hillary’s response to him was ‘Fuck off.’” “While publicly courting law enforcement organizations, privately she felt disdain. She wanted state troopers and local police to wear suits and essay on tolerance, drive unmarked cars. No military aides could wear their uniforms in the White House. If agents driving her went over a bump, she’d swear at them.” “Glad-handing on the road on her Senatorial campaign, when they arrived at a 4-F Club in the land of dairy cows in david sedaris upstate New York, she saw cows and people in jeans.
That enraged her and she asked a staffer, ‘What the f*** did we come her for? There's no money here.’” “White House deputy counsel Vince Foster, who committed suicide in June 1993, was on the receiving end of a virulent verbal attack by votaire on tolerance, Hillary. She disagreed with a legal opinion he made and humiliated him in a meeting, stating he would never be more than a hick-town lawyer and wasn’t ready for the big time. ‘The put-down that she gave him in that big meeting just pushed him over the edge’, [former FBI agent Coy] Copeland says. She blamed Foster for all of the Clinton's problems and stated he had failed the couple. Sedaris Big Boy Essay! ” The Monica Lewinsky Scandal. In the four years since the [weapons] inspectors left [Iraq], intelligence reports show that Saddam Hussein has worked to rebuild his chemical and biological weapons stock, his missile delivery capability, and his nuclear program. He has also given aid, comfort, and votaire, sanctuary to terrorists, including Al Qaeda members, though there is apparently no evidence of david sedaris big boy his involvement in the terrible events of September 11, 2001. It is clear, however, that if left unchecked, Saddam Hussein will continue to increase his capacity to nets in africa wage biological and chemical warfare, and will keep trying to develop nuclear weapons. David Sedaris Big Boy Essay! Should he succeed in reverse brain essay that endeavor, he could alter the political and security landscape of the Middle East, which as we know all too well affects American security. Big Boy! Now this much is undisputed. Over eleven years have passed since the UN called on Saddam Hussein to rid himself of weapons of mass destruction as a condition of returning to reverse essay the world community.
Time and david big boy essay, time again he has frustrated and denied these conditions. This matter cannot be left hanging forever with consequences we would all live to regret. In September 2003, six months after the U.S. had routed Saddam's forces on the battlefield, Mrs. Clinton proudly defended her vote for new world the Iraq Resolution. According to a Washington Times report: she said the intelligence she saw leading up to the war was consistent with intelligence from previous administrations and sedaris big boy essay, she checked out information with trusted Clinton administration officials.
Moreover, Senator Clinton credited her husband for having bequeathed to President Bush the essays by camus military that had so swiftly deposed Saddam. In October 2002, I voted for the resolution to authorize the sedaris essay Administration to use force in Iraq. Independent Film Essay! I voted for it on the basis of the evidence presented by the Administration, assurances they gave that they would first seek to david sedaris big boy essay resolve the issue of essays by camus weapons of essay mass destruction peacefully through United Nations-sponsored inspections . But Mrs. Clinton's claim that she had been deceived into supporting the nets in africa war, and david essay, that she had turned against it only upon subsequently becoming aware of that deception, was untrue. Should Suicide! As David Horowitz explains: Starting in david big boy July 2003 . the votaire Democratic National Committee ran a national TV ad whose message was: 'Read his lips: President Bush Deceives the david big boy essay American People.' This was the beginning of a five-year, unrelenting campaign to persuade Americans and their allies that 'Bush lied, people died,' that the war was 'unnecessary' and essays by camus, 'Iraq was no threat.' . In June 2007, New York Times reporters Jeff Gerth and Don Van Natta, Jr., authors of Her Way: The Hopes and Ambitions of Hillary Rodham Clinton , wrote that Mrs. Clinton refused to say whether she had ever read the complete NIE report, which . David Big Boy Essay! included caveats about Saddam's weaponry and doubts about any alliance he may have had with terror groups like al Qaeda. In December 2006, when Bush was still contemplating the surge, Clinton said: “Everyone knows there is no military solution to the difficulties we face in Iraq. There has to be a broad-based comprehensive approach that includes resolving some of the political issues, bringing the region together.” According to brain The Daily Mail , Mrs.
Clinton opposed the proposed surge because she could not afford to be seen as hawkish when other Democrats -- especially [Barack] Obama, her presumed principal opponent [for the Democratic presidential nomination] -- were blaming President Bush for sedaris essay putting ever-more boots on essays by camus the ground in the Middle East. David Sedaris! In January 2007, Clinton told NBC's Today Show that the surge was taking troops away from Afghanistan, where I think we need to be putting more troops, and sending them to Iraq on a mission that I think has a very limited, if any, chance for success. In August 2007, Clinton said: The surge was designed to nets in africa give the Iraqi government time to take steps to david ensure a political solution to the situation. It has failed to do so. The White House's report in September won't change that. It is abundantly clear that there is essays by camus no military solution to the sectarian fighting in Iraq.
We need to stop refereeing the war, and start getting out david essay now. When General David Petraeus issued a September 2007 report on the remarkably successful results that the surge was yielding, Clinton told Petraeus that his assertions required a willing suspension of disbelief. Clinton also said that the charts (outlining the surge's progress) that Petraeus had brought to the House and should be legalized, Senate that same week provided merely anecdotal evidence and don't . tell the david big boy essay whole story. In April 2008, Clinton told Good Morning America that the troop surge had not worked: Let's remember what we were told about essays by camus this surge a year ago. That the whole purpose for david sedaris it was to give the Iraqi government the space and time to brain do what it needed to do when it came to allocating oil revenues, improving services, coming to some political reconciliation. That hasn't happened. In fact, the surge proved to sedaris be a monumentally important strategy that finally enabled the U.S. to emerge victorious in essays by camus the war. Prior to the surge, it had not been uncommon for 3,000 or more Iraqi civilians and security-force members to david sedaris essay die at reverse brain the hands of big boy essay terrorist violence during any given month. Essay! By May 2008, the monthly mortality figure stood at 19, and it fluctuated between 7 and 25 deaths per month over the ensuing 14 months. In March 2002 she co-sponsored a bill to extend the deadlines by which illegal aliens living in sedaris big boy essay the United States would be required to obtain visas. This is good news indeed, she said of the bill's passage.
Instead of being forced to should be legalized return to essay their home country to apply for permanent residence status, many immigrants will be able to seek permanent resident status while working in the U.S. In October 2003 she favored granting temporary protected status to illegal Haitian immigrants. In September 2004 she co-sponsored an agricultural jobs bill offering illegal farmworkers a speedy path to citizenship. In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, she co-signed a September 2005 letter asking Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff to prevent the assisted suicide be legalized essay deportation of big boy any illegal aliens whose immigration status came to the government's attention after they [had] sought assistance from the American taxpayers. In 2005 she opposed the nets in africa REAL ID Act, which stipulated that all driver's license and photo ID applicants must be able to verify they are legal residents of the United States, and that the documents they present to big boy prove their identity must be genuine. It also contained provisions to prevent terrorists from abusing asylum laws, and to new world criticism essays streamline the deportation of immigrants convicted of terrorism-related offenses. In June 2007, she voted against a bill that would have prohibited illegal aliens convicted of serious crimes from essay, gaining legal status. That same month, she voted in favor of a bill to establish restrictions on suicide be legalized essay admission into the United States for immigrants who have previously been convicted of criminal gang activity, child abuse, human trafficking, obstruction of justice, domestic violence, or a felony count of driving under the influence. David Big Boy! Also in June 2007, she voted in favor of the Immigration Reform Act of 2007, which would have provided a path to legalization for all illegal aliens residing in reverse brain drain essay the United States.
In 2005 Senator Clinton gave a speech to members of the National Council of La Raza, an organization that supports open borders as well as expanded rights and amnesty for illegal aliens. She told them: You are doing your part to make sure that every child in every American family has access to the tools necessary to essay live out their dreams, to votaire a have piece of the American dream, but I don't know that your government is doing its part, right now -- I'm not sure we are doing everything to sedaris essay make your job easier, to make sure the opportunities and society are alive and well for everyone. Mrs. Criticism Essays! Clinton further expressed her support for david big boy essay the Dream Act, legislation that would allow illegal aliens to attend college at in-state tuition rates -- which are much lower than those paid by out-of-state U.S. citizens. We need to open the doors of college to immigrant children who came here did well and deserved to drain essay go on with their education, she said.
Viewing Conservatives As Racists. First family that comes and david sedaris essay, says 'I want to send my daughter to St. Peter's Roman Catholic School' and you say 'Great, wonderful school, here's your voucher.' Next parent that comes and says, 'I want to send my child to the school of the Church of the White Supremacist . ' The parent says, 'The way that I read Genesis, Cain was marked, therefore I believe in white supremacy. You gave it to film a Catholic parent, you gave it to a Jewish parent, under the Constitution, you can't discriminate against me. ' So what if the next parent comes and says, 'I want to send my child to the School of the Jihad. ' I won't stand for it. Re-Elected to the Senate in big boy essay 2006. Hillary Denounces Economic Inequality and essays by camus, The Top One Percent Clinton Drops out of the Presidential Race. Massive Spending on Taxpayer-Funded Charter Flights. promoting the sedaris essay election of leftist political candidates throughout the United States promoting open borders, mass immigration, and a watering down of nets in africa current immigration laws promoting a dramatic expansion of social welfare programs funded by ever-escalating taxes promoting social welfare benefits and amnesty for illegal aliens financing the sedaris essay recruitment and training of future activist leaders of the brave new world criticism essays political Left promoting socialized medicine in sedaris big boy the United States promoting the nets in africa tenets of radical environmentalism promoting racial and ethnic preferences in academia and the business world alike. Hillary Clinton shares each of the foregoing Soros agendas.
Now, among the many people who have stood up and said, 'I cannot sit by and let this happen to the country I love,' is George Soros, and I have known George Soros for a long time now, and big boy, I first came across his work in votaire essay on tolerance the former Soviet Union, in Eastern Europe, when I was privileged to david big boy travel there, both on my own and with my husband on behalf of independent essay our country. David Sedaris Big Boy! . [W]e need people like George Soros, who is fearless, and willing to step up when it counts. ANALYSIS OF HILLARY'S WORLDVIEW AND AGENDAS. It is essay possible to be a socialist, and radical in big boy one's agendas, and yet moderate in the means one regards as practical to achieve them. To change the world, it is votaire essay on tolerance first necessary to david sedaris acquire cultural and political power. And these transitional goals may often be accomplished by indirection and deception even more effectively than by frontal assault. Votaire Essay On Tolerance! . New Left progressives [such as] Hillary Clinton . [share the] intoxicating vision of a social redemption achieved by Them . For these self-appointed social redeemers, the goal -- 'social justice' -- is not about rectifying particular injustices, which would be practical and modest, and therefore conservative. David Big Boy! Their crusade is about rectifying injustice in the very order of things. 'Social Justice' for them is film about a world reborn, a world in which prejudice and violence are absent, in david sedaris big boy essay which everyone is equal and equally advantaged and without fundamentally conflicting desires. It is assisted a world that could only come into sedaris essay being through a re-structuring of human nature and of society itself. . Reverse Brain Drain! In other words, a world in which human consciousness is changed, human relations refashioned, social institutions transformed, and in which 'social justice' prevails. . In short, the david sedaris transformation of the world requires the permanent entrenchment of the saints in power. Assisted Suicide Be Legalized! Therefore, everything is justified that serves to achieve the continuance of Them. Sedaris Big Boy! . The focus of Hillary Clinton's ambition . is the vision of a world that can only be achieved when the Chosen accumulate enough power to change this one. Other than totally meaningless legislation like changing the names on courthouses and post offices, she passed only four substantive pieces of legislation. One set up a national park in Puerto Rico. A second provided respite care for family members helping their relatives through Alzheimer’s or other conditions.
And two were routine bills to aid 9-11 victims and brave criticism essays, responders which were sponsored by the entire NY delegation. SECRETARY OF STATE. On December 1, 2008, President-elect Barack Obama named Hillary Clinton to be the Secretary of State in his forthcoming administration. According to the public-interest organization Judicial Watch, however, Mrs. Clinton was technically ineligible for this post because of a stipulation in the Ineligibility Clause of the U.S.
Constitution. That clause prohibits any active member of big boy Congress from reverse brain essay, being appointed to big boy essay an office that has benefited from votaire, a salary increase during that legislator's current term in david sedaris essay either the Senate or the House of Representatives. An Executive Order increasing the salary for Secretary of State had been indeed signed by President Bush in film January 2008, when Mrs. Clinton was in david big boy essay the early stages of her second Senate term. In a March 26, 2009 television interview, Fox News reporter Greta Van Susteren questioned Mrs. Clinton about brave essays North Korea's recent announcement that it would soon be test-launching a communications satellite, a launch that regional powers believed was actually intended to david sedaris essay test a long-range missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead. Independent Film Essay! What are we going to do about North Korea?
Susteren asked. David Sedaris! Clinton responded: . I have been very clear, President Obama has been very clear, we would like to get back to the kind of talks that led to the initial steps in their de-nuclearization. The six-party framework that involves all of the neighbors, each of whom have a stake in brave essays what happens in North Korea -- we have offered that. I sent word that we would like to have our special envoy for sedaris North Korean policy go to essays by camus Pyongyang. They didn't want him to david big boy come. Planned Parenthood and the Margaret Sanger Award.
America's Culpability for Global Warming. Delegitimizing the George W. Bush Presidency. Supporting High Tax Rates. Deriding the Extremism of Conservatives. Look, we have extremists in my country. A wonderful, incredibly brave young woman Congress member, Congresswoman Giffords was just shot in nets in africa our country. David Sedaris Big Boy Essay! We have the same kinds of problems. So rather than standing off from each other, we should work to try to prevent the extremists anywhere from essay, being able to commit violence. In a subsequent interview with CNN, Clinton said: “Based on david big boy what I know, this is a criminal defendant who was in reverse drain some ways motivated by essay, his own political views, who had a particular animus toward the essay congresswoman.
And I think when you cross the line from big boy, expressing opinions that are of conflicting differences in our political environment into taking action that’s violent action, that’s a hallmark of extremism, whether it comes from the brain right, the left, from Al Qaeda, from anarchists, whoever it is. That is a form of extremism.” But Loughner's crime was rooted not in any coherent political worldview, but rather in his profound mental illness. Moreover, Mrs. Clinton's narrative concerning Loughner's politics did not comport with the facts.
A young woman named Caitie Parker, who had attended high school and college with the gunman, said of Loughner: As I knew him he was left wing, quite liberal and oddly obsessed with the 2012 prophecy. Among Loughner's favorite books were Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto and Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf ; he was an ardent atheist who strove to create chaos; and he believed that the U.S. government (under President Bush) was responsible for the 9/11 attacks. Well, they . we . we are doing this (pushing for david big boy essay sanctions) because we think they're heading there. But whether they want to get what's called the breakout capacity and stop, knowing that they could then move forward, that's where the question comes. Addressing the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Flip-Flopping on criticism Whether the U.S. Should Have Armed Syrian Rebels Against Assad.
Granting “Special Government Employee” Status to Huma Abedin , Who Failed to sedaris big boy Provide a Number of Required Financial Disclosure Forms. Hillary Clinton and the Muslim Brotherhood. The State Department has an emissary in Egypt who trains operatives of the Brotherhood and other Islamist organizations in votaire on tolerance democracy procedures. The State Department announced [in November 2011] that the david sedaris essay Obama administration would be 'satisfied' with the election of a Muslim Brotherhooddominated government in Egypt. Suicide Essay! Secretary Clinton personally intervened to reverse a Bush-administration ruling that barred Tariq Ramadan, grandson of the Brotherhood’s founder and son of sedaris essay one of its most influential early leaders, from entering the United States. The State Department and the administration recently hosted a contingent from Egypt’s newly elected parliament that included not only Muslim Brotherhood members but a member of the Islamic Group ( Gama’at al Islamia ), which is formally designated as a foreign terrorist organization. On a just-completed trip to Egypt, Secretary Clinton pressured General Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, head of the military junta currently governing the country, to surrender power to the newly elected parliament, which is dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood, and the newly elected president, Mohamed Morsi, who is a top Brotherhood official. In the summer of 2012,controversy arose over the fact that Secretary Clinton's closest aide and essays by camus, advisor, Huma Abedin, has longstanding intimate ties to the Muslim Brotherhood. Refusing to big boy essay Designate the Islamic Organization Boko Haram As a Terrorist Group.
Mrs. Brain Drain Essay! Clinton and sedaris big boy, the 9/11/12 Terrorist Attacks in Benghazi. Let me state very clearly -- and nets in africa, I hope it is obvious -- that the United States government had absolutely nothing to do with this video. Sedaris! We absolutely reject its content and message. Film Essay! America’s commitment to religious tolerance goes back to the very beginning of our nation. And as you know, we are home to people of david big boy essay all religions, many of whom came to this country seeking the nets in africa right to david sedaris exercise their own religion, including, of course, millions of Muslims. And we have the greatest respect for people of faith. To us, to me personally, this video is disgusting and reprehensible.
It appears to have a deeply cynical purpose: to denigrate a great religion and to brave essays provoke rage. On September 13, 2012, Mrs. Clinton delivered a televised statement denouncing not only the violence in Benghazi but also the “disgusting and big boy, reprehensible” video allegedly responsible for it, and stating “very clearly” that “the United States government had absolutely nothing to do with this video.” “We absolutely reject its content and message,” said Clinton, emphasizing America’s great “respect for people of faith.” Revelations About Massive Coverup of Incriminating Benghazi Files. “I’m not making excuses for the missed opportunities of the Israelis, or the lack of votaire essay on tolerance generosity, the lack of empathy that I think goes hand-in-hand with the suspicion. So, yes, there is david sedaris more that the Israelis need to do to really demonstrate that they do understand the pain of an oppressed people in their minds, and nets in africa, they want to figure out, within the bounds of security and a Jewish democratic state, what can be accomplished. Clinton also criticized Israel’s newly announced plan to build 3,000 new housing units in east Jerusalem and the West Bank: “In light of today’s announcement, let me reiterate that this administration like previous administrations has been very clear with Israel that these activities set back the cause of a negotiated peace.” On April 20, 2014, The Washington Times reported that according to internal government documents, top officials at the U.S. Agency for International Development repeatedly cited former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton for setting into david motion a policy to waive restrictions on who could receive U.S. aid in Afghanistan, resulting in millions of dollars in U.S. funds going directly into the coffers of Afghan ministries known to drain be rife with corruption.
Added the Times : References to Mrs. Clinton’s role in the policy first appeared in a November 2012 USAID action memo, which outlined how U.S. officials made a “strategic foreign-assistance decision” two years earlier to provide “at least 50 percent of U.S. Government assistance directly to the” Afghan government. Resigns As Secretary of State. Assessing Clinton's Performance as Secretary of State.
“Look, I really see my role as Secretary, in fact leadership in general in a democracy, as a relay race. When you run the best race you can run, you hand off the baton. Some of what hasn’t been finished may go on to be finished, so when President Obama asked me to be Secretary of sedaris State, I agreed. The Trayvon Martin Killing. Section 5 relegated a number of brain mostly Southern states and localities to second-class status by presuming that they were too corrupt and racist to david sedaris big boy administer elections fairly, and thus requiring their governments to get approval (called pre-clearance) from the Justice Department or a federal court before making changes in their voting procedures. Changes could include such things as relocating a polling place, reconfiguring district lines in a county, or instituting Voter ID laws. To obtain pre-clearance, a state, county, or local government entity was required to demonstrate to assisted essay federal authorities that the sedaris big boy voting change in new world essays question did not have a racially discriminatory purpose, and would not have a disparate impact on nonwhites. Section 4 of the Act laid down the criteria under which states and localities were covered by the statute. David Sedaris Big Boy! Initially, the section covered jurisdictions that: (a) had maintained “a test or device” -- e.g., literacy and knowledge tests, good moral character requirements, or the essays by camus need for sedaris big boy essay vouchers from registered voters -- as a prerequisite to essays by camus voting as of November 1, 1964, and (b) had experienced a less-than-50% voter registration or turnout in david big boy the 1964 presidential election. Lamenting that the Voting Rights Act was now in “real jeopardy,” Mrs. Clinton said: “The Supreme Court struck at the heart of the Voting Rights Act.
For more than four decades this law has helped overcome constitutional barriers to voting. Again and again it has demonstrated its essential role in protecting our freedoms. [The Supreme Court decision is] going to make it difficult for film poor people, elderly people, minority people and working people to do what we should be able to take for granted.” Clinton Says Freed Taliban Terrorists Pose No Threat to Americans. These five guys are not a threat to the United States. They are a threat to the safety and david big boy, security of votaire Afghanistan and Pakistan.
It’s up to those two countries to make the decision once and for all that these are threats to david sedaris essay them. So I think we may be kind of missing the bigger picture here. We want to get an American home, whether they fell off the ship because they were drunk or they were pushed or they jumped, we try to rescue everybody. We Cannot Let a Minority of People Hold a Viewpoint that Terrorizes the Majority of People The Clintons' Immense Wealth. A Longtime Supporter of nets in africa High Estate Taxes, Hillary and Bill Seek to Minimize Their Own. In June 2014, Bloomberg News revealed that Hillary and david sedaris big boy essay, Bill Clinton's rhetoric in favor of high estate tax rates for the wealthy was entirely inconsistent with their own personal money-management activities. First, some background:
People disagree about this, but the estate tax, which came into being by Republicans like Teddy Roosevelt and others, and has been part of our tax system for a very long time is there for a real simple reason: In America, we’ve never liked the idea of nets in africa massive inherited wealth. Part of the reason why America has always remained a meritocracy where you have to sedaris work for what you get, where you have to essays by camus get out there, make your case to people, come up with a good idea, is big boy that we never had a class of people sitting on generation after generation after generation of huge inherited wealth. During a presidential debate in 2007, Mrs. Clinton expanded upon the theme that tax cuts to the wealthiest of Americans were unjust. She explained, for example, that tax revenues from the wealthy were vital to the government, which should be investing [those revenues] in new energy and should be investing in college affordability, universal pre-K ” Bill and Hillary Clinton have long supported an estate tax to prevent the U.S. from being dominated by reverse drain essay, inherited wealth. That doesn’t mean they want to pay it. To reduce the tax pinch, the Clintons are using financial planning strategies befitting the david big boy top 1 percent of U.S. households in wealth.
These moves, common among multimillionaires, will help shield some of their estate from the tax that now tops out at 40 percent of assets upon death. Nets In Africa! The Clintons created residence trusts in 2010 and shifted ownership of their New York house into them in big boy essay 2011, according to film federal financial disclosures and david essay, local property records. Rationalizing Why Hamas Hides Missiles in Civilian Areas. I'm not a military planner but Hamas puts its missiles, its rockets in civilian areas, part of nets in africa it is that Gaza is pretty small and it's very densely populated, they put their command and control of Hamas military leaders in those civilian areas. Revelation That Mrs. Clinton and Her State Department Were Responsible for Enabling Hamas to Build Terror Tunnels in Gaza. U.S. Taxpayers Spend $55,000 on Hillary's Book Tour Expenses in a Single Month.
Hillary Denies That Businesses Create Jobs Chelsea Clinton Indicates That Her Parents Have Never Cared About Money, and That They View the big boy essay Public Sector as Superior to the Private Sector. One incident occurred on August 9, when a white officer shot and killed 18-year-old Michael Brown, a black male who had forcibly robbed a convenience store in film a St. Louis suburb (Ferguson, Missouri) just 10 minutes before his death. The other incident occurred on July 17, when a 43-year old African American named Eric Garner died in sedaris big boy Staten Island, New York, after having resisted several white police officers' efforts to arrest him for illegally selling “loosies,” single cigarettes from packs without tax stamps. One of the officers at essay the scene put his arms around the much taller Garner's neck and big boy essay, took him down to film essay the ground with a headlock/chokehold. While lying facedown on the sidewalk surrounded by four officers, Garner repeatedly said, I can't breathe.
A black female NYPD sergeant supervised the entire altercation and never ordered that officer to release the hold. Garner was pronounced dead approximately an sedaris, hour later at nets in africa a local hospital. David Big Boy Essay! City medical examiners subsequently concluded that he had died as a result of an interplay between the police officer’s hold and Garner’s multiple chronic infirmities, which included bronchial asthma, heart disease, obesity, and hypertensive cardiovascular disease. Both of these incidents gained national publicity and nets in africa, sparked massive anti-police protests in david big boy cities across the reverse essay United States, where demonstrators chanted such slogans as Black Lives Matter, and Hands Up, Don't Shoot. Scandal of the Clinton Foundation's Foreign Donors. CLINTON'S ILLEGAL USE OF A PERSONAL, RATHER THAN A GOVERNMENT, EMAIL ACCOUNT.
In March 2015, it was reported that throughout her entire four-year tenure as Secretary of essay State (SOS), Mrs. Essays By Camus! Clinton had never acquired or used a government email account, and essay, instead had transmitted -- in violation of government regulations -- all of her official government correspondences via a personal email address that she registered on the very same day as her confirmation hearings for SOS began. Be Legalized! The personal email address -- firstname.lastname@example.org -- traced back to a private email server which was housed inside Mrs. Clinton's home in sedaris Chappaqua, New York. That server was registered under the names of: (a) Eric Hothem, the essays same aide who, at big boy essay the end of Bill Clinton's presidency, had wrongfully carted off furniture from the White House, claiming that it was Clinton’s personal property; and (b) Justin Cooper, another former Clinton staffer. LEHRER: “Are you keeping a diary, [are] you keeping good notes of what’s happening?” CLINTON (laughing): “Heavens no! It would get subpoenaed!
I can't write anything down.” After remaining silent on the email issue for several days, Mrs. Clinton addressed it for the first time on March 10, 2015, in essays by camus a hastily arranged press conference at the United Nations. There, she claimed that her reason for having used a personal email account was that she found it “easier,” “better,” “simpler” and more convenient to “carry just one device for my work and for my personal emails instead of two.” “Looking back, “ she added, “it would've been better for david me to use two separate phones and two email accounts. I thought using one device would be simpler and, obviously, it hasn't worked out that way.” But in an interview at the Silicon Valley Conference for Women just two weeks earlier, Mrs. Clinton had told Re/code’s Kara Swisher that she carried more than one device with her: CLINTON: “iPhone. OK, in full disclosure ”
CLINTON: “And a BlackBerry.” (Later in the conversation, Clinton said, “I don’t throw anything away, I’m like two steps short of a hoarder. Film! So I have, you know, an david sedaris big boy essay, iPad, a mini iPad, an iPhone and blackberry.”) Also at independent film the March 10 press conference, Mrs. Clinton explained that she had decided which emails were of david big boy a “personal” nature and discarded them, before sending the rest to the State Department: “[A]fter I left office, the State Department asked former secretaries of state for our assistance in providing copies of work- related emails from our personal accounts. I responded right away and provided all my emails that could possibly be work-related, which totalled roughly 55,000 printed pages, even though I knew that the State Department already had the should suicide vast majority of them. We went through a thorough process to identify all of my work- related emails and deliver them to the State Department. David! At the end, I chose not to nets in africa keep my private personal emails emails about planning Chelsea’s wedding or my mother’s funeral arrangements, condolence notes to friends as well as yoga routines, family vacations, the other things you typically find in david essay inboxes. Brave Criticism! No one wants their personal emails made public, and sedaris big boy essay, I think most people understand that and nets in africa, respect that privacy.” QUESTION: Can you explain how you decided which of the david big boy personal e-mails to brave essays get rid of, how you got rid of them and when. CLINTON: In going through the e-mails, there were over 60,000 in sedaris big boy total, sent and received. About half [i.e., approximately 30,000 emails ] were work-related and went to the State Department and on tolerance, about half were personal that were not in any way related to my work.
I had no reason to save them, but that was my decision because the federal guidelines are clear and sedaris essay, the State Department request was clear. For any government employee, it is essays by camus that government employee’s responsibility to determine what’s personal and what’s work-related. I am very confident of the process that we conducted and the e-mails that were produced. QUESTION: Did you or any of your aides delete any government- related e-mails from big boy, your personal account? And what lengths are you willing to go to to prove that you didn’t? Some people, including supporters of yours, have suggested having an independent arbiter look at your server, for essays by camus instance.
CLINTON: We did not. In fact, my direction to david essay conduct the thorough investigation was to err on the side of providing anything that could be possibly viewed as work related. The server contains personal communications from my husband and me, and should assisted suicide essay, I believe I have met all of my responsibilities and the server will remain private and I think that the State Department will be able, over time, to release all of the records that were provided. David Sedaris Essay! ( NOTE: In other words, she refused to turn over the server to authorities. Moreover, her reference to “personal communications from film essay, my husband and david essay, me” contadict's Mr. Essays By Camus! Clinton's earlier claim that he had sent a grand total of only two emails in david sedaris big boy his entire life, both during his days as president .) CLINTON: Well, the system we used was set up for President Clinton’s office. And it had numerous safeguards.
It was on property guarded by should assisted be legalized essay, the Secret Service. And there were no security breaches. ( NOTE: The Secret Service has nothing to do with protecting email accounts from hackers. ) CLINTON: I did not email any classified material to anyone on my email. There is no classified material. David! So I’m certainly well-aware of the classification requirements and did not send classified material. ( NOTE: In response to this claim by Clinton, a former senior State Department official who served before the Obama administration said: “I would assume that more than 50 percent of what the secretary of state dealt with was classified. Was every single email of the secretary of state completely unclassified? Maybe, but it’s hard to imagine.” ) Another major question related to Mrs. Clinton's email scandal was whether or not she had signed an exit statement (Form OF-109) from the State Department affirming that she had turned over all public information to essays by camus the government. (All high-ranking government officials are required -- when they come into david sedaris office -- to sign a statement ensuring that 100% of their government-related records will remain with the government, and when the officials leave office, they sign an exit statement (OF-109) affirming that they have complied with this requirement.) When Fox News reporter Ed Henry asked Clinton (on March 16, 2015) if she had signed the exit statement, the former SOS merely waved while walking quickly past Henry and said, “Hi everybody, nice to should assisted be legalized essay see you.” At a press briefing that same day, State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki was asked the same question and replied: I don't have an update on david sedaris essay this We're still working on essay on tolerance it. This was at least the third time in a week that Psaki had been asked whether Clinton had signed the exit statement.
Finally, on March 17, Psaki said, “[W]e have reviewed Secretary Clinton’s official personal file and administrative files and do not have any record of david essay her signing any of the 0F-109.” “After seeking and receiving a two-week extension from the Committee, Secretary Clinton failed to provide a single new document to the subpoena issued by the Committee and brave, refused to provide her private server to big boy essay the Inspector General for the State Department or any other independent arbiter for analysis. We learned today, from nets in africa, her attorney, [that] Secretary Clinton unilaterally decided to wipe her server clean and permanently delete all emails from her personal server. While it is sedaris big boy essay not clear precisely when Secretary Clinton decided to essays by camus permanently delete all emails from her server, it appears she made the decision after October 28, 2014, when the Department of State for the first time asked the Secretary to sedaris return her public record to the Department.” Just a few weeks later, Mrs. Clinton was caught in yet another lie concerning her ongoing email scandal. In a series of essay emails (from 2011-12) that The New York Times published on May 18, 2015, she clearly had used a second private email address -- email@example.com -- contrary to her (and her representatives') repeated claims that she had used only david, one email account during her years in the State Department. Votaire Essay! Clinton's attorney David Kendall, for one, had assured Rep. David Big Boy! Gowdy that the nets in africa hrod17 address had not existed during Secretary Clinton's tenure as Secretary of State. “It is david sedaris a fact that there was a subpoena issued to her in March of 2015. But . it’s also a fact that there was a subpoena in existence from independent, another Congressional committee far before that one. So there are two subpoenas.
There are letters from Congress. And there’s a statutory obligation to essay her to preserve public records. There was a, think back right after Benghazi, Rep. Jason Chaffetz (R-UT) wrote a letter to nets in africa Secretary Clinton, in fact, saying Congress has the right and the authority to investigate these attacks. That is tantamount to a ‘do not destroy’ request. Also keep in mind, Congress wrote her directly when she was Secretary of State and asked her specifically, ‘Do you ever use personal email?’ She never answered that question. She never said yes, she never said no. All right, fast forward. David Big Boy Essay! The Oversight Committee is looking into assisted suicide be legalized Benghazi. David Sedaris Essay! They issued a subpoena to the State Department to bring certain documents over to new world Congress so we can inspect them. It is that subpoena that ultimately led the State Department to give us the first eight emails we got from david big boy essay, her.
“There were two [subpoenas], one related to ARB [Accountability Review Board] documents, and one related to what we call reading room documents. And they were sent to the Department of State, asking that Congress be delivered these documents. Where that becomes important is, it was as a result of that Oversight subpoena that the Department of votaire on tolerance State first gave us any of david essay her emails. So, clearly, her emails were covered by that subpoena, or the Department of independent essay State never would have given them to us. Now her out is going to be this, or what she thinks is big boy essay her out, ‘Well, the State Department didn’t have my emails, I did.’ Which then moves us to the law, the new world criticism essays statute, the regulation, which places on her an affirmative duty to protect and preserve public records.
So, whether there’s a subpoena in place or not, the law is and sedaris big boy essay, has been in place, you have to preserve public record. She decided on her own what was and was not public record. And . what’s even worse than that, I mean, think when she left office. Essays By Camus! She left office in david essay February of nets in africa 2013, right? She didn’t delete and wipe clean that server until the fall of 2014, 20 months later, after she left.”
On July 24, 2015, The New York Times reported that some of the information that passed through Mrs. Clinton's private email server was in sedaris big boy essay fact classified: Government investigators said Friday that they had discovered classified information on the private email account that Hillary Rodham Clinton used while secretary of essay state, stating unequivocally that those secrets never should have been stored outside of essay secure government computer systems. Mrs. Clinton has said for months that she kept no classified information on the private server that she set up in her house so she would not have to carry both a personal phone and a work phone. Her campaign said Friday that any government secrets found on nets in africa the server had been classified after the fact.
But the inspectors general of the State Department and the nation’s intelligence agencies said the information they found was classified when it was sent and remains so now. Information is david sedaris big boy considered classified if its disclosure would likely harm national security, and such information can be sent or stored only on brave new world criticism essays computer networks with special safeguards. 'This classified information never should have been transmitted via an unclassified personal system,' Steve A. Linick, the State Department inspector general, said in a statement signed by him and I. Charles McCullough III, the inspector general for the intelligence community. In their joint statement, the inspectors general said the classified information had originated with the nation’s intelligence agencies, such as the Central Intelligence Agency or the National Security Agency. It is against the law for someone to receive a classified document or briefing and david sedaris, then summarize that information in an unclassified email. Exactly how much classified information Mrs. Clinton had on the server is new world criticism unclear. Sedaris Essay! Investigators said they searched a small sample of 40 emails and found four that contained government secrets. In July 2015, two inspectors general asked the nets in africa Justice Department to open a criminal investigation into sedaris essay whether sensitive government information had been mishandled as a result of Mrs. Clinton's improper use of a personal email account, which they (the inspectors general) believed contained hundreds of potentially classified emails.
The Espionage Act, which is part of the U.S. criminal code, makes it a crime for any government employee, through 'gross negligence,' to allow national defense information 'to be removed from its proper place of custody or delivered to anyone in violation of his trust, or to be lost, stolen, abstracted or destroyed.' Mrs. Clinton’s email on a private server was not in its proper place of custody and was at plenty of risk of new world essays being lost or stolen. We also know she edited some of the email that went to State, which means pieces of it have been destroyed. Plenty of government officials have been prosecuted for less. David Petraeus paid a fine and received two years of probation for allowing his mistress access to classified information.
John Deutch, former director of the david big boy CIA, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge and fine after his laptops were found to contain classified materials. Nets In Africa! Bill Clinton pardoned him on the last day of his Presidency. Marine Major Jason Brezler, who fought in Iraq and Afghanistan, accidentally took home a few classified documents on his personal computer and sent one over personal email in response to an urgent inquiry. A Marine Corps board of inquiry recommended he be discharged for essay mishandling classified information. On August 11, 2015, the inspector general for the Intelligence Community notified senior members of criticism essays Congress that two of the four classified emails that had been previously discovered on Mrs. Sedaris Big Boy! Clinton's private server, contained material that was classified as Top Secret: Sensitive Compartmented Information the strictest of all security classifications. Essay! These two top-secret emails contained information possibly derived from Pentagon satellites, drones or intercepts. Barbara J. Wells, an attorney representing Platte River Networks, said on big boy essay August 12, 2015: “The information [on the private server] had been migrated over to a different server for purposes of independent film essay transition [in June 2013]. To my knowledge the data on the old server is david not available now on any servers or devices in Platte River Network’s control.” A Daily Mail story from August 2015 indicated that Platte River Networks had a significant track record of corruption:
The Internet company used by Hillary Clinton to maintain her private server was sued for stealing dozens of phone lines including some which were used by the White House. Platte River Networks is essay said to david sedaris big boy essay have illegally accessed the master database for all US phone numbers. It also seized 390 lines in a move that created chaos across the US government. Among the phone numbers which the brave criticism company took -- which all suddenly stopped working -- were lines for White House military support desks, the Department of Defense and the Department of Energy, a lawsuit claims. Others were the main numbers for major financial institutions, hospitals and the help desk number for big boy T2 Communications, the telecom firm which owned them. A lawsuit filed on should assisted be legalized essay behalf of T2 claims that the mess took 11 days to fix and demands that Platte River pay up $360,000 in compensation. On August 12, 2015, the Daily Mail reported that in its review of more than 1,300 Clinton emails that the State Department had made public on July 31, it (the Daily Mail ) had found an additional 41 containing information that was already considered classified before it was transmitted. While the department is now stamping a few dozen of the sedaris publicly released emails as 'Classified,' it stresses this is essay not evidence of rule-breaking. Those stamps are new, it says, and do not mean the information was classified when Clinton, the Democratic frontrunner in the 2016 presidential election, first sent or received it. But the david sedaris essay details included in essays by camus those 'Classified' stamps which include a string of dates, letters and numbers describing the nature of the classification appear to undermine this account, a Reuters examination of the emails and the relevant regulations has found.
The new stamps indicate that some of Clinton's emails from david sedaris big boy, her time as the nation's most senior diplomat are filled with a type of information the U.S. Nets In Africa! government and the department's own regulations automatically deems classified from the david sedaris essay get-go regardless of film essay whether it is already marked that way or not. In the small fraction of emails made public so far, Reuters has found at least 30 email threads from 2009, representing scores of individual emails, that include what the State Department's own 'Classified' stamps now identify as so-called 'foreign government information.' The U.S. Big Boy! government defines this as any information, written or spoken, provided in reverse drain confidence to U.S. officials by sedaris, their foreign counterparts. This sort of information, which the department says Clinton both sent and received in assisted suicide essay her emails, is the only kind that must be 'presumed' classified, in sedaris big boy part to protect national security and the integrity of diplomatic interactions, according to should be legalized U.S. regulations examined by david big boy, Reuters. On September 2, 2015, the Daily Mail reported that Brian Pagliano, the brave new world criticism State Department employee who had helped Hillary Clinton set up her controversial private email server, would plead the david sedaris big boy essay Fifth Amendment in order to avoid providing any testimony at his upcoming appearance before the Benghazi committee. Mrs. Clinton and her family had paid Pagliano with taxpayer dollars to maintain the server. On September 2, 2015, Breitbart News reported that Mrs. Clinton had paid to hide the identity of the people running her private email server . Should Assisted Suicide Be Legalized! while doing little to nothing to secure that information from sedaris big boy, hackers.
Said Breitbart: Clinton’s private email domain clintonemail.com was initially purchased by Clinton aide Eric Hoteham, who listed the Clintons’ Chappaqua, New York home as the essay contact address for his purchase. But the domain is david sedaris big boy actually registered to an Internet company designed to hide the true identity of the on tolerance people running it. Clintonemail.com is currently registered to a company called Perfect Privacy, LLC. The company has a listed address of 12808 Gran Bay Parkway West in Jacksonville, Florida. But don’t try to get someone from david, 'Perfect Privacy' on the phone. Essays By Camus! The company merely serves to mask its clients’ personal information by providing its own meaningless contact information on official databases. 'We won’t reveal your identity unless required by law or if you breach our Perfect Privacy Service Agreement,' the company explains [on its website].
Perfect Privacy, LLC is essay owned by Network Solutions, which in turn is owned by Web.com. Network Solutions advertises Perfect Privacy as a way to brave new world 'Keep Your Contact Information Hidden With Private Registration.' In a September 4, 2015 television interview, Mrs. Clinton twice refused to apologize for her decision to keep sensitive emails on a private server during her years as secretary of david essay state, saying only that she was sorry that this has been confusing to people. At one point, reporter Andrea Mitchell asked her specifically, Are you sorry? Clinton replied: I take responsibility and essay, it wasn’t the best choice, adding that I now disagree with the choice that I made. I did all my business on sedaris essay my personal email [in the Senate], Clinton continued. Essays By Camus! I was not thinking a lot when I got in [as secretary of sedaris essay state]. There was so much work to be done. We had so many problems around the world.
I didn’t really stop and independent film essay, think, 'What kind of email system will there be?' . David Sedaris Big Boy! This was fully above-board. People knew I was using a personal email. Should Assisted Suicide! I did it for convenience. Just a few hours later, however, Mrs. Clinton appeared on sedaris Ellen Degeneres's television program, where she returned to be legalized essay her previous, weaker stance: I made a mistake. I am sorry for all the confusion that has ensued.
I take responsibility. “Clinton's server, which handled her personal and big boy essay, State Department correspondence, appeared to allow users to connect openly over the Internet to control it remotely, according to reverse drain essay detailed records compiled in 2012. Experts said the Microsoft remote desktop service wasn't intended for such use without additional protective measures, and was the subject of U.S. David Big Boy! government and industry warnings at should be legalized essay the time over attacks from even low-skilled intruders. In November 2015, Breitbart.com reported that on July 27, 2011, Center For American Progress president and onetime Clinton adviser Neera Tanden had sent Clinton an email with the subject line “Fw: Exclusively For You.” The email said “Look what I’ve found” and “Here is a very nice offer. Enjoy!” with a link to a virus-infected spam link. Clinton opened the message and replied to essay tell Tanden that she had been “hacked.” Wrote Clinton: “Neeradid you send me this?
If not, I think your email address book has been hacked. If so, why? Anyway, hope you’re well.” In May 2016, journalist Joseph Klein reported: Thousands of e-mails from should assisted suicide be legalized essay, Hillary Clinton’s private, unsecured server, created while she served as Secretary of State, are reportedly in the possession of Russia’s Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR). The SVR is said to have gained access to the e-mails, of which it made copies, through its monitoring of big boy essay a Romanian computer hacker named Marcel Lazãr Lehel (aka Guccifer). Reverse Brain Drain! Guccifer had learned about the existence of Hillary Clinton’s private e-mail account after accessing the e-mails of her close confidante and david big boy, informal adviser, Sidney Blumenthal, with whom Hillary had extensive correspondence during her term as Secretary of State. A report attributed to votaire essay Russia’s Security Council indicates that an internal battle has broken out [between the Director of the FSB, Alexander Bortnikov, and Chairwoman of the Council of Federation, Valentina Matviyenko, over whether to publicly release the big boy essay e-mails.] The latter had authorized a release of some of the e-mails to nets in africa Russia Today (RT) back on March 20, 2013. Sedaris! Russia’s Foreign Intelligence Service director expressed alarm at the release, primarily because of votaire essay concerns that the release would reveal to U.S. intelligence services how Russia used its monitoring of david sedaris big boy Guccifer to film essay obtain Clinton’s e-mails. He had good reason to be concerned.
U.S. authorities worked with their Romanian counterparts to follow the trail that led to Guccifer’s arrest in Romania. In March 2016, Chairwoman Matviyenko is said to have called for a total release of the e-mails, in part to influence the U.S. presidential election. Ms. Matvivenko reportedly cited Russian President Vladimir Putin’s positive statements about Donald Trump and claimed that Hillary Clinton was not liked by the Russian people. On May 25, 2016, the State Department's Inspector General (IG) issued a scathing report showing that Mrs. Clinton had: (a) ignored government guidelines regarding the use of a private email server for government business; (b) never requested approval to use such a server (a request that absolutely would have been denied because of the security risks involved); (c) rejected Huma Abedin's suggestion that she (Clinton) get on the State Department's email server or make her private email address available to the entire department, saying, “I don’t want any risk of the essay personal being accessible”; (d) never demonstrated that her BlackBerry “met minimum information-security requirements”; (e) failed to report several known hacking attempts that had been made against her server; (f) provided investigators with tardy and “incomplete” records of her e-mails; and (g) ultimately r efused to on tolerance cooperate in the IG's investigation. According to a New York Post story: “At least two State Department staffers expressed concerns in late 2010 to the director of the agency’s Information Resources Management about Clinton’s odd e-mail arrangement. Big Boy! The IG said the independent film essay staffers were told to hush up. 'The director stated that the mission is to support the secretary and big boy essay, instructed the staff never to speak of the independent essay secretary’s personal e-mail system again,' the IG found.” Notably, Clinton’s closest top aides Huma Abedin, Cheryl Mills, Jake Sullivan, and Philippe Reines also refused to be interviewed in the IG investigation.
In response to the IG report, Clinton said: “I have talked about this for many, many months. I testified for 11 hours before the david sedaris essay Benghazi committee. Should Suicide Essay! I have answered numerous questions. We have posted information on sedaris big boy essay our website and the information that we had is out there. It's been clearly public and my email use was widely known throughout the department, throughout the government, and I have provided all of my work-related emails, and brave new world essays, I've asked that they be made public.” The names of essay CIA personnel could have been compromised not only by hackers who may have penetrated Hillary Clinton’s private computer server or the essays by camus State Department system, but also by the release itself of tens of thousands of her emails, security experts say.
Clinton, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, turned over to the State Department 55,000 emails from her private server that were sent or received when she was secretary of state. Some contained information that has since been deemed classified, and david sedaris, those were redacted for should assisted essay public release with notations for the reason of the censorship. At least 47 of the david emails contain the notation 'B3 CIA PERS/ORG,' which indicates the material referred to CIA personnel or matters related to the agency. And because both Clinton’s server and the State Department systems were vulnerable to hacking, the perpetrators could have those original emails, and essays by camus, now the publicly released, redacted versions showing exactly which sections refer to CIA personnel. During a 90-minute, closed-door deposition with Judicial Watch on June 22, 2016, Hillary Clinton IT specialist Bryan Pagliano -- who had played a major role in setting up Clinton's personal email server -- invoked the big boy Fifth Amendment more than 125 times, reading the same statement off of an index card on each occasion. Reported Fox News: He was deposed as part of Judicial Watch's lawsuit seeking Clinton emails and other records. Should! A federal judge granted discovery, in turn allowing the depositions, which is highly unusual in a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit.
The judge cited 'reasonable suspicion' Clinton and her aides were trying to avoid federal records law. At a press conference where no questions were taken from the press, Comey carefully explained that the presumptive Democrat presidential nominee committed all the elements of the crime of big boy essay improperly handling national security secrets. (Comey’s full prepared remarks are available here.) “There is evidence that [Secretary Clinton or her colleagues] were extremely careless in their handling of very sensitive, highly classified information,” Comey said. For example, seven e-mail chains concern matters that were classified at the Top Secret/Special Access Program level when they were sent and received. These chains involved Secretary Clinton both sending e-mails about those matters and receiving e-mails from others about the same matters. Nets In Africa! There is evidence to big boy support a conclusion that any reasonable person in brave new world Secretary Clinton’s position, or in sedaris big boy the position of those government employees with whom she was corresponding about these matters, should have known that an unclassified system was no place for that conversation. Essays By Camus! None of david sedaris big boy essay these e-mails should have been on any kind of unclassified system, but their presence is especially concerning because all of new world criticism these e-mails were housed on unclassified personal servers not even supported by full-time security staff, like those found at Departments and sedaris essay, Agencies of the nets in africa U.S. Governmentor even with a commercial service like Gmail. Despite all of this, Clinton should not be prosecuted, Comey said, because there was no “clear evidence that Secretary Clinton or her colleagues intended to violate laws governing the handling of classified information.” But under the Espionage Act statute, “gross negligence” not whatever Clinton or her underlings may have intended is the relevant legal test.
In other words, to david sedaris essay help Clinton evade charges, “the FBI rewrote the statute, inserting an intent element that Congress did not require,” former federal prosecutor Andrew C. Essay! McCarthy wrote. Adding this new intent element made no sense, McCarthy wrote: The point of having a statute that criminalizes gross negligence is to essay underscore that government officials have a special obligation to safeguard national defense secrets; when they fail to carry out that obligation due to gross negligence , they are guilty of serious wrongdoing. The lack of intent to harm our country is film irrelevant. People never intend the bad things that happen due to gross negligence . [emphases in essay original] McCarthy interpreted Comey’s remarks to amount to brave an informal indictment of Clinton: Hillary Clinton checked every box required for a felony violation of Section 793(f) of the federal penal code (Title 18): With lawful access to highly classified information she acted with gross negligence in removing and causing it to be removed it from its proper place of david custody, and essay, she transmitted it and caused it to be transmitted to sedaris big boy others not authorized to votaire essay on tolerance have it, in patent violation of her trust.
According to McCarthy, the FBI director “even conceded that former Secretary Clinton was ‘extremely careless’ and essay, strongly suggested that her recklessness very likely led to communications (her own and those she corresponded with) being intercepted by foreign intelligence services.” Nevertheless, Comey declared that there was no evidence of “efforts to obstruct justice.” The investigation began as a referral from the Intelligence Community Inspector General in connection with Secretary Clinton’s use of a personal e-mail server during her time as Secretary of State. The referral focused on whether classified information was transmitted on that personal system. Our investigation looked at whether there is evidence classified information was improperly stored or transmitted on that personal system, in violation of a federal statute making it a felony to mishandle classified information either intentionally or in assisted suicide a grossly negligent way, or a second statute making it a misdemeanor to knowingly remove classified information from appropriate systems or storage facilities. I have so far used the singular term, 'e-mail server,' in david big boy essay describing the referral that began our investigation. Votaire Essay! It turns out to sedaris have been more complicated than that. Secretary Clinton used several different servers and nets in africa, administrators of those servers during her four years at the State Department, and david sedaris big boy essay, used numerous mobile devices to view and send e-mail on that personal domain. Brave Criticism Essays! As new servers and equipment were employed, older servers were taken out of service, stored, and decommissioned in david sedaris essay various ways. For example, when one of independent Secretary Clinton’s original personal servers was decommissioned in 2013, the e-mail software was removed.
Doing that didn’t remove the e-mail content, but it was like removing the frame from a huge finished jigsaw puzzle and dumping the pieces on the floor. The effect was that millions of e-mail fragments end up unsorted in the server’s unusedor 'slack'space. We searched through all of it to see what was there, and essay, what parts of the puzzle could be put back together. From the group of reverse essay 30,000 e-mails returned to the State Department, 110 e-mails in 52 e-mail chains have been determined by the owning agency to david sedaris big boy contain classified information at the time they were sent or received. Eight of those chains contained information that was Top Secret at the time they were sent; 36 chains contained Secret information at nets in africa the time; and eight contained Confidential information, which is the lowest level of classification. Separate from david big boy, those, about on tolerance 2,000 additional e-mails were 'up-classified' to make them Confidential; the david big boy essay information in those had not been classified at the time the e-mails were sent.
The FBI also discovered several thousand work-related e-mails that were not in the group of 30,000 that were returned by Secretary Clinton to State in 2014. With respect to the thousands of new world e-mails we found that were not among those produced to State, agencies have concluded that three of those were classified at the time they were sent or received, one at the Secret level and two at the Confidential level. There were no additional Top Secret e-mails found. The lawyers doing the david sorting for Secretary Clinton in 2014 did not individually read the content of votaire on tolerance all of david sedaris big boy her e-mails, as we did for those available to us; instead, they relied on brain drain header information and used search terms to sedaris essay try to find all work-related e-mails among the reportedly more than 60,000 total e-mails remaining on Secretary Clinton’s personal system in 2014. It is highly likely their search terms missed some work-related e-mails, and that we later found them, for essays by camus example, in the mailboxes of other officials or in the slack space of a server. It is sedaris also likely that there are other work-related e-mails that they did not produce to nets in africa State and that we did not find elsewhere, and that are now gone because they deleted all e-mails they did not return to State, and the lawyers cleaned their devices in such a way as to preclude complete forensic recovery. Although we did not find clear evidence that Secretary Clinton or her colleagues intended to violate laws governing the handling of classified information, there is evidence that they were extremely careless in their handling of very sensitive, highly classified information. For example, seven e-mail chains concern matters that were classified at david the Top Secret/Special Access Program level when they were sent and received. These chains involved Secretary Clinton both sending e-mails about those matters and receiving e-mails from others about the same matters. There is essays by camus evidence to support a conclusion that any reasonable person in david sedaris big boy essay Secretary Clinton’s position, or in the position of those government employees with whom she was corresponding about these matters, should have known that an unclassified system was no place for nets in africa that conversation.
In addition to this highly sensitive information, we also found information that was properly classified as Secret by the U.S. Intelligence Community at the time it was discussed on e-mail (that is, excluding the later 'up-classified' e-mails). None of these e-mails should have been on any kind of unclassified system, but their presence is especially concerning because all of these e-mails were housed on unclassified personal servers not even supported by full-time security staff, like those found at david essay Departments and Agencies of the U.S. Governmentor even with a commercial service like Gmail. Separately, it is important to say something about the marking of classified information. Only a very small number of the e-mails containing classified information bore markings indicating the presence of classified information. But even if information is not marked 'classified' in an e-mail, participants who know or should know that the subject matter is classified are still obligated to protect it. Votaire Essay! While not the focus of our investigation, we also developed evidence that the security culture of the david big boy essay State Department in essay general, and david big boy essay, with respect to use of unclassified e-mail systems in particular, was generally lacking in the kind of care for drain classified information found elsewhere in the government. David Sedaris Essay! With respect to potential computer intrusion by hostile actors, we did not find direct evidence that Secretary Clinton’s personal e-mail domain, in its various configurations since 2009, was successfully hacked. But, given the nature of the essays by camus system and of the actors potentially involved, we assess that we would be unlikely to see such direct evidence.
We do assess that hostile actors gained access to the private commercial e-mail accounts of sedaris people with whom Secretary Clinton was in regular contact from her personal account. We also assess that Secretary Clinton’s use of a personal e-mail domain was both known by a large number of people and readily apparent. She also used her personal e-mail extensively while outside the assisted essay United States, including sending and receiving work-related e-mails in the territory of sophisticated adversaries. David Sedaris Essay! Given that combination of factors, we assess it is possible that hostile actors gained access to reverse brain Secretary Clinton’s personal e-mail account. Comey concluded his remarks by recommending that Clinton not be indicted:
Although there is evidence of potential violations of the statutes regarding the handling of classified information, our judgment is that no reasonable prosecutor would bring such a case. Prosecutors necessarily weigh a number of factors before bringing charges. There are obvious considerations, like the strength of the evidence, especially regarding intent. Responsible decisions also consider the context of a person’s actions, and sedaris, how similar situations have been handled in assisted suicide be legalized essay the past. In looking back at our investigations into mishandling or removal of classified information, we cannot find a case that would support bringing criminal charges on these facts. All the cases prosecuted involved some combination of: clearly intentional and willful mishandling of david sedaris classified information; or vast quantities of should be legalized essay materials exposed in such a way as to support an inference of intentional misconduct; or indications of disloyalty to the United States; or efforts to david sedaris obstruct justice. We do not see those things here.
On July 12, 2016, the New York Post reported: In an unusual move, FBI agents working the suicide essay Hillary Clinton e-mail case had to sign a special form reminding them not to blab about the probe to anyone unless called to testify. Sources said they had never heard of the 'Case Briefing Acknowledgment' form being used before. A retired FBI chief commented, “This is very, very unusual. I’ve never signed one, never circulated one to others.” Similarly, an active agent with the Bureau stated: “I have never heard of such a form. Sedaris! Sounds strange.” Moreover, a number of FBI agents expressed their “disappointment” over Comey’s decision not to recommend indictment. “FBI agents believe there was an inside deal put in place after the Loretta Lynch/Bill Clinton tarmac meeting,” said one source, while a source from the votaire on tolerance Justice Department claimed to be “furious” with Comey, saying that the director had “managed to david piss off right and independent essay, left.”
Also on July 12, 2016, Clinton's attorneys submitted a legal filing in david sedaris essay an effort to thwart a request by Judicial Watch for an order forcing her to submit to new world a deposition iin a civil lawsuit related to her private email arrangement. On March 6, 2009, Assistant Secretary of State for Diplomatic Security Eric J. Boswell sent out a memo explaining that he “cannot stress too strongly, however, that any unclassified BlackBerry is highly vulnerable in any setting to remotely and covertly monitoring conversations, retrieving email, and exploiting calendars.” On March 7, 2009, Mrs. Clinton received an email from former Gov. David Big Boy! Arnold Schwarzenegger’s chief of staff Susan Kennedy, which stated, “Just in case you are still allowed to carry your blackberry, your friends are watching with great pride.” Clinton responded on March 8, 2009, proving that she was aware that her BlackBerry was vulnerable and that she did not care: Against the advice of the security hawks, I still do carry my berry but am prohibited from using it in my office, where I spend most of my time when I’m not on suicide be legalized essay a plane or in a 'no coverage' country. In response to this revelation, Judicial Watch said: The new document brings the david big boy known total to date to at least 433 emails that were not part of the 55,000 pages of emails that Clinton turned over to the State Department. These records further appear to should suicide essay contradict statements by david, Clinton that, 'as far as she knew,' all of her government emails were turned over to brave essays the State Department.
Hillary Announces Her Presidential Campaign. “Americans have fought their way back from tough economic times, but the deck is still stacked in favor of those at the top. Everyday Americans need a champion, and david big boy essay, I want to be that champion. So you can do more than just get by, you can get ahead and stay ahead, because when families are strong, America is strong.” Hillary Lies About the Immigration Status of Her Grandparents. “We are turning down people [immigrants] who really want to work. I mean, they are here to work.
And a lot of them now have children who are American citizens and they are doing the best they can to try to essays by camus make a good life for themselves and their families. And you know, I think if we were to just go around this room, there are a lot of immigrant stories. All my grandparents, you know, came over here, and you know my grandfather went to work in david sedaris big boy essay a lace mill in essays by camus Scranton, Pennsylvania and worked there until he retired at david sedaris big boy 65. So I sit here and I think, well, you’re talking about the second, third generation. That’s me, that’s you. And we are saying to essays by camus all these other people who want the same dreams and the same aspirations and the willingness to work hard just like our families did that no, we’re not going to make it easy for you, we’re not going to make it legal for you. And I just think that’s such a short term, unfortunate outcome for us and well as for you.”
But in fact, only one of Mrs. Clinton's grandparents her paternal grandfather, Hugh Rodham Sr. was born outside outside of the United States (in England). Her paternal grandmother was born in Pennsylvania in 1882; her maternal grandmother was born in Illinois in 1902; and her maternal grandfather was born in Illinois in 1918. Pledging to Topple the Top 1 Percent. Depicting Women As Victims of a Sexist Society. Clinton Demands an End to david big boy Mass Incarceration of essays by camus Blacks; Calls for sedaris big boy essay Criminal-Justice Reforms.
[Y]et again, the family of votaire essay on tolerance a young black man is david sedaris big boy grieving a life cut short. Yet again, the streets of an American city are marred by reverse brain drain, violence. By shattered glass and big boy essay, shouts of anger and shows of force. Nets In Africa! Yet again a community is essay reeling, its fault lines laid bare and its bonds of assisted suicide be legalized trust and respect frayed. Yet again, brave police officers have been attacked in big boy essay the line of duty. What we’ve seen in assisted Baltimore should, indeed does, tear at our soul. Walter Scott shot in the back in sedaris essay Charleston, South Carolina. Nets In Africa! Unarmed.
In debt. And terrified of big boy essay spending more time in jail for on tolerance child support payments he couldn’t afford. Tamir Rice shot in david sedaris big boy a park in reverse essay Cleveland, Ohio. Unarmed and just 12 years old. Eric Garner choked to death after being stopped for selling cigarettes on the streets of this city. And now Freddie Gray. His spine nearly severed while in big boy police custody.
Not only as a mother and a grandmother but as a citizen, a human being, my heart breaks for these young men and their families. We have to come to independent terms with some hard truths about race and david sedaris, justice in America. There is something profoundly wrong when African American men are still far more likely to brave new world criticism be stopped and david, searched by police, charged with crimes, and sentenced to longer prison terms than are meted out to their white counterparts. There is something wrong when a third of all black men face the prospect of prison during their lifetimes. And an estimated 1.5 million black men are “missing” from their families and communities because of incarceration and premature death. There is something wrong when more than one out of every three young black men in Baltimore can’t find a job. There is film something wrong when trust between law enforcement and big boy, the communities they serve breaks down as far as it has in votaire essay on tolerance many of sedaris our communities. We have allowed our criminal justice system to get out of balance. Assisted Suicide Be Legalized Essay! And these recent tragedies should galvanize us to come together as a nation to david big boy essay find our balance again. Nets In Africa! . [L] et’s remember that everyone in every community benefits when there is respect for the law and big boy, when everyone in every community is respected by the law.
That is what we have to work towards in Baltimore and across our country. We must urgently begin to rebuild the bonds of trust and respect among Americans. The inequities that persist in nets in africa our justice system undermine this shared vision of what America can be and should be. I learned this firsthand as a young attorney just out of law school. Sedaris Big Boy Essay! Then, as director of the should assisted suicide essay University of Arkansas School of Law’s legal aid clinic, I advocated on behalf of prison inmates and poor families. I saw repeatedly how our legal system can be and david, all too often is stacked against those who have the reverse brain essay least power, who are the most vulnerable. I saw how families could be and were torn apart by sedaris big boy essay, excessive incarceration. Nets In Africa! I saw the toll on children growing up in homes shattered by poverty and prison. We also have to sedaris be honest about the suicide gaps that exist across our country, the inequality that stalks our streets. Because you cannot talk about smart policing and reforming the sedaris big boy essay criminal justice system if you also don’t talk about essay what’s needed to david sedaris essay provide economic opportunity, better educational chances for young people, more support to families so they can do the best jobs they are capable of doing to help support their own children. The second area where we need to chart a new course is should suicide essay how we approach punishment and prison.
It’s a stark fact that the United States has less than 5 percent of the world’s population, yet we have almost 25 percent of the world’s total prison population. The numbers today are much higher than they were 30, 40 years ago, despite the fact that crime is at david sedaris essay historic lows. Of the more than 2 million Americans incarcerated today, a significant percentage are low-level offenders: people held for violating parole or minor drug crimes, or who are simply awaiting trial in backlogged courts. Keeping them behind bars does little to reduce crime. But it is does a lot to nets in africa tear apart families and communities.
One in every 28 children now has a parent in sedaris big boy essay prison. Think about what that means for brave new world criticism essays those children. When we talk about one and a half million missing African American men, we’re talking about missing husbands, missing fathers, missing brothers. They’re not there to look after their children or bring home a paycheck. David Sedaris Big Boy Essay! And the consequences are profound. Without the essays by camus mass incarceration that we currently practice, millions fewer people would be living in david sedaris big boy essay poverty. And it’s not just families trying to stay afloat with one parent behind bars.
Of the 600,000 prisoners who reenter society each year, roughly 60 percent face long-term unemployment. And for all this, taxpayers are paying about essay $80 billion a year to keep so many people in prison. The price of incarcerating a single inmate is often more than $30,000 per yearand up to $60,000 in david some states. That’s the salary of a teacher or police officer. One year in a New Jersey state prison costs $44,000more than the annual tuition at Princeton. If the United States brought our correctional expenditures back in line with where they were several decades ago, we’d save an estimated $28 billion a year. Brave New World Criticism Essays! And I believe we would not be less safe. Big Boy Essay! You can pay a lot of police officers and essays by camus, nurses and others with $28 billion to help us deal with the pipeline issues. It’s time to change our approach.
It’s time to big boy end the era of mass incarceration. Brave Criticism! We need a true national debate about david sedaris big boy essay how to reduce our prison population while keeping our communities safe. We should put into place a simple, straightforward and accessible way for parents of DREAMers . to reverse brain make their case and to be eligible for sedaris essay the same deferred action as their children. But that's just the beginning. When they [Republicans] talk about [granting] 'legal status' instead of new world criticism essays 'citizenship,' that is code for second-class status.
It's foolish to talk as though we're going to deport 11 or 12 million people. That is not going to happen. It's beyond absurd. On a separate occasion, Clinton said : “I am going to back and support what President Obama has done to protect DREAMers and their families, to use executive action to prevent deportation,” Clinton said to applause. David! “And I have said that if we cannot get comprehensive immigration reform as we need, and as we should, with a real path to citizenship that will actually grow our economy then I will go as far as I can, even beyond President Obama, to make sure law-abiding, decent, hard-working people in this country are not ripped away from their families.” Clinton Speaks About America's Continuing White Racism and White Privilege How can any of that be true? How can it be true that Black children are 500 percent more likely to die from asthma than white kids? Five hundred percent! More than a half century after Dr. King marched and Rosa Parks sat and John Lewis bled, after the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act and brain essay, so much else, how can any of david essay these things be true?
But they are. And our problem is not all kooks and independent essay, Klansman. It’s also in the cruel joke that goes unchallenged. It’s in the off-hand comments about not wanting 'those people' in sedaris big boy the neighborhood. Let’s be honest: For a lot of well-meaning, open-minded white people, the sight of a young Black man in a hoodie still evokes a twinge of fear. And news reports about poverty and crime and discrimination evoke sympathy, even empathy, but too rarely do they spur us to action or prompt us to question our own assumptions and privilege. We can’t hide from any of these hard truths about race and justice in America.
We have to name them and brave new world criticism, own them and then change them. In a speech in Houston in early June 2015, Mrs. Clinton attacked some of her potential Republican presidential opponents for Voter ID laws that had been enacted in essay their states, and advocated automatic voter registration nationwide when people turn 18. “I call on Republicans at nets in africa all levels of government with all manner of ambition to stop fear-mongering about a phantom epidemic of election fraud and start explaining why they’re so scared of letting citizens have their say,” she said. Clinton Calls for the Restoration of big boy Felon Voting Rights, and 20-Day Early Voting Period. Mrs.
Clinton's Close Ties to Planned Parenthood. In July 2015, the independent film PACs America Rising and david sedaris big boy, Women Speak Out released a new report that chronicled the longstanding close relationship that Mrs. Essays By Camus! Clinton has had with the nation's largest abortion provider, the Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA). David Big Boy Essay! The report points out, among other things, that: * The Clintons have accepted tens of thousands of dollars in contributions from PPFA and its employees. * PPFA actively lobbied Mrs. Clinton during her tenure as Secretary of State and received tens of millions of taxpayer dollars from USAID. * PPFA is a key player in a network of essay far-left groups supporting Mrs. Clinton’s political career with hundreds of millions of dollars pledged. Telling Black Lives Matter Activists That White People Are Sinners
In August 2015, Mrs. Clinton held an impromptu, videotaped conversation with three Black lives Matter activists who complained about the david essay injustice of the mass incarceration of African Americans. Should Suicide Be Legalized! In her response, Clinton said: This country has still not recovered from its original sin [slavery] . Your analysis is totally fair. It's historically fair, it's psychologically fair, it's economically fair. But you're gonna have to come together as a movement and say, 'here's what we want done about it. Because you can get lip service from as many white people as you can pack into Yankee Stadium, and a million more like it, who are going to say, 'oh, we get it, we get it, we're going to be be nicer.' Okay? That's not enough . All I'm suggesting is, even for us sinners [white people], find some common ground on agendas that can make a difference right here and sedaris big boy, now in people's lives. And that's what I would love to, you know, have your thoughts about, because that's what I'm trying to figure out how to do. At an August 28, 2015 press conference in Minneapolis, Mrs.
Clinton was asked how she planned to deal with the millions of illegal immigrants living in the United States. Without offering any plan of her own, she instantly condemned a Republican rival’s plan to deport such illegals. Nets In Africa! I find it the height of irony, said Clinton, that a party which espouses small government would want to unleash a massive law enforcement effort -- including perhaps National Guard and others -- to go and literally pull people out of their homes and their workplaces . Round them up, put them, I don’t know, in buses, boxcars, in order to take them across our border. getting the essay attention of Spanish-speaking people on reverse brain drain essay a Las Vegas street by displaying a comical picture of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump on his smartphone, accompanied by sedaris, the caption “THIS IS MY RESTING B**CH FACE”; telling passers-by that Trump was “un payaso muy grande” -- “a giant clown”; boasting that Latinos' anger against Trump was helping motivate them them to register as voters; and telling the new registrants: “Hillary Clinton es muy bueno. Nosotros trabajando para la campaña de Hillary aquí en Las Vegas. Necesito el apoyo de la gente en la comunidad.” (Translation: “Hillary Clinton is very good. We are working for Hillary's campaign here in Las Vegas. Independent Film Essay! I need the support of people in the community.”)
Clinton Proposes More Than $1 Trillion in Tax Hikes Over Ten Years. During an April 2016 interview with the New York Daily News , Mrs. Clinton said that her tax proposals would increase taxes on the American people by more than $1 trillion over the ensuing ten years. I have connected up my proposals for big boy essay the kind of reverse brain essay investments I want to sedaris big boy make with the taxes that I think have to should be legalized essay be raised, she said. So on individual pieces of my agenda, I try to demonstrate clearly that I have a way for paying for paid family leave, for example, for debt-free tuition.
So I would spend about $100 billion a year. And I think it's affordable, and I think it's a smart way to make investments, to go back to our economic discussion, that will contribute to growing the economy. Specifically, Clinton's tax plan included the following elements: a $350 billion income-tax increase for sedaris big boy a “New College Compact” a $275 billion business-tax increase for “Infrastructure” a $400 billion to $500 billion “Fairness” tax increase (“restoring basic fairness to our tax code” by means of imposing a “fair share surcharge,” taxing carried interest capital gains as ordinary income, and raising the estate tax) a capital gains tax increase to nets in africa counter the “tyranny of today’s earnings report” (i.e., a report indicating that corporate profits were at near-record highs) a tax on stock trading (which would affect millions of Americans who hold 401(k)s, IRAs and david sedaris big boy, other savings accounts an new world, “Exit Tax” on corporate income earned overseas. Clinton Forgets About the Four Americans Who Were Killed in Benghazi on 9/11/12. During a June 8, 2016 interview on PBS News Hour , Mrs. Sedaris Essay! Clinton spoke as if the September 11, 2012 terrorist killings of Ambassador Chris Stevens, Glen Doherty, Sean Smith, and Tyrone Woods at the American mission in votaire essay on tolerance Benghazi had never occurred. Sedaris Essay! As she discussed the Obama administration's decisions in Libya with Judy Woodruff, Clinton said: Well, first of reverse brain all, it's important to remember where we were and why the president made the decision he did, because this was a presidential decision. I've advised the president. Sometimes, he follows my advice. Sometimes, he doesn't. Sedaris Big Boy Essay! Sometimes, he uses a combination of what he hears from his advisers.
We were looking at independent essay a potential disaster, as Qaddafi threatened to massacre large numbers of his population. The Europeans, our Arab allies were urging us to big boy essay help them to try to prevent that. After due diligence, we came up with a way of supporting their efforts that did not cost a single American life. And we saved a lot of Libyan lives. Clinton Refuses to Say People Should Be Permitted to Own Guns. In a June 2016 interview with ABC’s George Stephanopoulos, Clinton twice refused to say whether she believes the Second Amendment protects an individual's right to keep and bear arms. Clinton had previously voiced her disagreement with the Supreme Court’s “terrible” ruling in District of Columbia v. Heller , which held that individuals indeed have a right to possess a firearm for traditionally lawful purposes, such as self-defense within the home. Nets In Africa! But she had also said that she did not wish to “abolish” the Second Amendment. Seeking clarification, Stephanopoulos asked Clinton: “I want to ask you a specific question. Do you believe that an individual’s right to bear arms is big boy a constitutional right that it’s not linked to service in a militia?” Clinton replied evasively, saying that “there was no argument until [ Heller ] that localities and states and the federal government had a right, as we do with every amendment, to impose reasonable regulation.” It was an evasive answer that would satisfied some TV journalists, but unfortunately for nets in africa Clinton, Stephanopoulos had done his homework. “But that’s not what I asked,” Stephanopoulos said, repeating his original question: “Do you believe that [the court’s] conclusion that an individual’s right to bear arms is a constitutional right?” Clinton replied: “If it’s a constitutional right, then it, like every other constitutional right, is subject to sedaris essay reasonable regulations. And what people have done with that decision is to take it as far as they possibly can and reject what has been our history from the very beginning of the republic. ”
Revelation That Major Clinton Donor Was Given Key National Security Post in Clinton State Department. Newly released State Department emails help reveal how a major Clinton Foundation donor was placed on a sensitive government intelligence advisory board even though he had no obvious experience in nets in africa the field, a decision that appeared to baffle the essay department’s professional staff. The emails further reveal how, after inquiries from ABC News, the Clinton staff sought to 'protect the name' of the Secretary, 'stall' the ABC News reporter and ultimately accept the resignation of the donor just two days later. Copies of dozens of internal emails were provided to ABC News by the conservative political group Citizens United, which obtained them under the Freedom of Information Act after more the two years of litigation with the government. In a June 2016 campaign speech, Clinton said: I’ve said throughout this campaign that my mission as president will be to help create more good paying jobs so we can get incomes rising for hard working families across America. It’s a pretty simple formula. Higher wages lead to more demand, which leads to more jobs with higher wages. Hacked DNC Memo Reveals a Multitude of Scandals by the Clinton Foundation and Hillary Clinton.
Along with Clinton’s tax returns, personal financial disclosure reports, and U.S. Senate travel records, the DNC dossier included copies of contract documents related to the presidential candidate’s paid speeches. In addition to a “standard” $225,000 fee, Clinton required a “chartered roundtrip private jet” that needed to be a Gulfstream 450 or a larger aircraft. Depending on its outfitting, the Gulfstream jet, which costs upwards of $40 million, can seat 19 passengers and “sleeps up to six.” Clinton’s contract also stipulated that speech hosts had to pay for separate first class or business airfare for three of her aides. As for lodging, Clinton required “a presidential suite” and up to independent essay “three (3) adjoining or contiguous rooms for her travel aides” and up to two extra rooms for advance staff. The host was also responsible for the Clinton travel party’s ground transportation, meals, and “phone charges/cell phones.” Additionally, the host also had to pay “a flat fee of $1000” for a stenographer to create “an immediate transcript of Secretary Clinton’s remarks.” The contract adds, however, “We will be unable to share a copy of the big boy transcript following the event.” To view Guccifer2.0's entire dossier on Hillary Clinton, click here. Calling on essays by camus White Americans to Put Themselves In The Shoes of Blacks.
On July 7, 2016, Black Lives Matter (BLM) activists held anti-police-brutality demonstrations in numerous cities across the United States, to david sedaris big boy essay protest two recent incidents where white police officers in Minnesota and nets in africa, Louisiana had shot and killed black suspects. At one of those demonstrations -- in Dallas, Texas -- marchers shouted “En ough is sedaris big boy essay enough!” while they held signs bearing slogans like: “If all lives matter, why are black ones taken so easily?” Then, suddenly, at just before 9 pm, a black gunman opened fire on the law-enforcement officers who were on duty at that rally. Five officers were killed, and seven additional police were wounded. The following day, Mrs. Clinton issued the following remarks: “I will call for white people like myself to put ourselves in should essay the shoes of those African-American families who fear every time their children go somewhere, who have to sedaris big boy have the should assisted suicide talk about how to really protect themselves when they’re the david sedaris ones who should be expecting protection from encounters with the police.” “I’m going to be talking to white people. I think we’re the brave criticism ones who have to start listening to the legitimate cries that are coming from our African-American fellow citizens.” “We’ve got to sedaris big boy essay figure out what is happening when routine traffic stops, when routine arrests escalate into votaire essay killings, and david big boy essay, I don’t think that we know all the independent film answers for david sedaris big boy essay that.” “[T]he facts are clear . that too many African-Americans have been killed in encounters with police over matters that should not have led to votaire essay that action being taken.” “We’ve got to do a lot more to bring the police together with the communities that they protect. David Big Boy! And we have to have better lines of votaire essay communicationwe need national guidelines to really set out when force should be used, and sedaris big boy essay, especially when deadly force should be used.” “And at nets in africa the same time, we need communities to sedaris feel that they can trust the police, that the police are trying to nets in africa protect them.” Speech to the NAACP, Emphasizing America's Racism. So as the president has said, indeed as he exemplifies, we’ve come a long way, but you know and I know that we have so much further to david go. We were cruelly reminded of that with the recent deaths of Alton Sterling and Philando Castile, two more black man killed in police incidents, this time in Louisiana and drain, Minnesota. The deaths of Alton and Philando drove home how urgently we need to make reforms to policing and criminal justice how we cannot rest until we root out david big boy implicit bias and stop the killings of African-Americans.
Because there is, as you know so well, another hard truth at the heart of votaire essay this complex matter. Many African-Americans fear the police. I can hear you, some of you in this room. And today, there are people all across America sick over what happened in sedaris big boy essay Baton Rouge and in Dallas, but also fearful that the murders of police officers means that vital questions about police-community relations will go unanswered. We must reform our criminal justice system because everyone is votaire essay on tolerance safer when there is david big boy essay respect for the law and when everyone is respected by the law. And let’s admit it, there is clear evidence that African- Americans are disproportionately killed in police incidents compared to any other group. And African-American men are far more likely to be stopped and searched by police, charged with crimes and sentenced to essays by camus longer prison terms than white men convicted of the same offenses. These facts tell us something is profoundly wrong. We can’t ignore that, we can’t wish it away.
We have to make it right. That means end-to-end reform in our criminal justice system, not half measures, but a full commitment with real follow-through. Sedaris Big Boy! And the next president should make a commitment to fight for the reforms we so desperately need holding police departments like Ferguson accountable. Requiring accurate data on in-custody deaths, like Sandra Bland. Creating clear national guidelines on the use of force, especially lethal force. Supporting independent investigations of fatal encounters with the police.
That’s why we also need to fix the crisis of mass incarceration, eliminate the disparity in film essay sentencing between crack and powder cocaine, dismantle the david sedaris essay school-to-prison pipeline that starts in school and essays by camus, diverts too many African-American kids out of school and into the criminal justice system, instead of david sedaris essay giving them the education they deserve to should essay have. And we need to do all of us need to do, and I look forward to working with the sedaris big boy NAACP. Nets In Africa! We need to do a much better job helping people who have paid their debt to society find jobs and support when they get out. My plan would make significant investments in sedaris reentry programs for those formally incarcerated and I will ban the box in the federal government. Essays By Camus! People deserve a real shot at an interview instead being told no right out david sedaris big boy essay of the gate. And then beyond criminal justice, we must, we must fight for common-sense reforms to stop gun violence. We need to do something about the racial inequities in our health care system. Right now, black kids are 500 percent more likely to film die from asthma than white kids. 500 percent. Right now a black baby in david essay South Carolina is twice as likely to die before her first birthday as a white baby.
Imagine if those numbers were reversed and it were white kids dying. Imagine the outcry and the resources that would flood in. Essays By Camus! And let’s do everything we can to david sedaris big boy create more jobs in places where unemployment remains stubbornly high, after generations of under-investment and should suicide be legalized, neglect. [T]he unemployment rate among young African-Americans is twice as high for david young whites. Nets In Africa! And because of that, my plan also includes $20 billion aimed specifically at creating jobs for young people. The median wealth for black families is now just a tiny fraction of the median wealth for white families. That’s why plan includes steps to david big boy help more African-American families buy a home, which has always been one of the essay surest ways to build wealth and essay, security for a family. And we will do more to support small business and black entrepreneurs to get access to capital. Ending systemic racism requires contributions from votaire, us all, especially, especially those of us who haven’t experienced it ourselves.
Now, I’ve been saying this for a while now. I’m going to keep saying it because I think it’s important. We white Americans need to david sedaris do a better job of listening when African-Americans talk about the seen and unseen barriers you face every day. Reverse Brain! We need to recognize our privilege and david essay, practice humility rather than assume that our experiences are everyone’s experiences. We all need to try as best we can to votaire essay walk in one another’s shoes, to imagine what it would be like to sit our son or daughter down and have the talk about how carefully they need to act around police because the slightest wrong move could get them hurt or even killed. WIKILEAKS INFORMATION ON HILLARY CLINTON. • In an April 24, 2013 speech to david sedaris big boy the National Multi-Housing Council, Hillary Clinton said: “But if everybody's watching, you know, all of the votaire back room discussions and the deals, you know, then people get a little nervous, to david essay say the least.
So, you need both a public and a private position.” • In a May 16, 2013 speech to a Brazilian bank, Clinton said: “My dream is a hemispheric common market, with open trade and open borders, some time in the future with energy that is as green and sustainable as we can get it, powering growth and opportunity for reverse essay every person in big boy essay the hemisphere.” • In an brave criticism essays, August 19, 2014 email to John Podesta, Hillary Clinton made reference to david “ the governments of Qatar and Saudi Arabia, which are providing clandestine financial and logistic support to ISIL and other radical Sunni groups in the region.” This is suicide essay significant because the Clinton Foundation had accepted millions of dollars in donations from sedaris essay, those governments. • Marina Santos the maid who cleaned Mrs. Clinton's Washington, DC home (known as Whitehaven) to print out sensitive government emails and fax documents including some that contained classified information though Ms. Santos lacked the security clearance necessary to handle such material. Essays! Clinton also gave Santos access to a.
Clinton Was Well Aware of “Bird-Dogging” Tactics Against the Trump Presidential Campaign. • In a July 4, 2015 email to Podesta and sedaris essay, other Clinton insiders, Xochitl Hinojosa, the Clinton presidential campaign's director of coalitions press, made explicit reference to reverse drain bird-dogging: “Engage immigrant rights organizations. DREAMers have been bird dogging Republican presidential candidates on david essay DACA/DAPA, but they’ve learned to respond. There’s an opportunity to bird dog and votaire on tolerance, record questions about Trump’s comments and connect it to the policy.” In 2016, WikiLeaks revealed that in an August 17, 2014 email to John Podesta, Hillary Clin ton sent from her private, unsecured email server U.S. intelligence and war plans to david Podesta’s hacked email account. Among the specific, top-secret pieces of information she conveyed to Podesta were the following: In a series of April 2015 email exchanges , Clinton insiders discussed the criticism essays feasibility of illegally accepting foreign donations to Clinton's presidential campaign. Some key excerpts written by those insiders included the following: On October 17, 2016, the New York Post reported: “ A top State Department official offered a 'quid pro quo' to an FBI investigator to declassify an e-mail from Hillary Clinton’s private server in exchange for allowing the bureau to operate in countries where it was banned, stunning new documents revealed Monday. The FBI documents show that Undersecretary of State Patrick Kennedy pitched the sedaris deal to independent film the unnamed agent, allegedly as part of an david sedaris big boy, effort to back up Clinton’s claim that she did not send or receive classified documents on the server in her Westchester home.” According to the documents: • One State Department staffer reported feeling “immense pressure” to complete the review quickly and to not label anything as classified. • “ [REDACTED] believes STATE has an agenda which involves minimizing the classified nature of the independent CLINTON e-mails in order to sedaris essay protect STATE interests and essays by camus, those of big boy CLINTON.” • Kennedy wanted one particular piece of nets in africa information changed to an obscure classification code called B9 which is david sedaris big boy normally used to protect the independent essay secrecy of geological and geophysical data and david big boy, maps pertaining to oil and gas wells to “allow him to archive the document in the basement of DoS [Department of State] never to be seen again.” • A group of essays by camus ranking State Department officials dubbed “the shadow government” met on a weekly basis to discuss the Clinton e-mail scandal.
Clinton Was Willing to Accept a Massive Foreign Donation to Her Foundation, from david sedaris, a Source Notorious for Its Human Rights Abuses. In a January 18, 2015 email to John Podesta and independent essay, Robby Mook, Huma Abedin wrote that the King of Morocco a nation where human rights abuses were widespread had agreed to give the Clinton Foundation $12 million in exchange for a meeting with Hillary; this occurred 6 months before Morocco acquired weapons from the United states. Wrote Abedin: “Just to give you some context, the condition upon which the Moroccans agreed to sedaris big boy essay host the meeting was her participation. Criticism Essays! If hrc [Hillary Rodham Clinton] was not part if it, meeting was a non-starter. CGI [Clinton Global Initiative] also wasn't pushing for a meeting in Morocco and it wasn't their first choice. David Sedaris Essay! This was HRC's idea, our office approached the Moroccans and they 100 percent believe they are doing this at her request. The King has personally committed approx $12 million both for the endowment and to support the brave meeting.
It will break a lot of china to back out now when we had so many opportunities to david sedaris big boy essay do it in the past few months. New World Criticism Essays! She created this mess and she knows it.” Clinton's Confusion and Lack of Mental Clarity. • In a September 15, 2015 email, John Podesta wrote: “I mean it makes my life more difficult after telling every reporter I know she's actually progressive but that is really the smallest of issues. It worries me more that she doesn't seem to know what planet we are all living in at the moment.” This email was consistent with a Huma Abedin email which said that “she [Hillary] is david sedaris essay often confused.” Even After Her Term As Secretary of State, Clinton Used a Private, Unsecured Email Server to Discuss Sensitive Information. In a pair of should be legalized essay August 2014 emails to david big boy John Podesta, Hillary Clinton discussed foreign-policy intelligence over her private, unsecured email server, writing: • “ Sources include Western intelligence, US intelligence and sources in should be legalized essay the region.” • “ any idea whose fighters attacked Islamist positions in Tripoli, Libya? Worth analyzing for future purposes.” In response, Podesta wrote: “Yes and david big boy, interesting but not for this channel.” Illegal Coordination Between the Clinton Campaign and SuperPACs.
• It is illegal for a political campaign to coordinate its activities with those of a SuperPAC, but a number of hacked emails that were made public by WikiLeaks show that on a number of occasions, Clinton presidential campaign officials such as Robby Mook met with SuperPAC personnel like Kim Kaufmann, the head of Priorities USA (a Hillary Clinton SuperPAC). • In a March 13, 2016 email to Podesta, a Clinton campaign insider said: “Beyond this Hillary should stop attacking Bernie, especially when she says things that are untrue, which candidly she often does.” CLINTON IN 2017 AND BEYOND. In early February 2017, issued an on-camera statement in should assisted suicide essay which she said, Despite all the david sedaris essay challenges we face, I remain convinced that, yes, the future is female. Clinton added: Just look at the amazing energy we saw last month as women organized a march that galvanized millions of nets in africa people all over our country and david big boy, across the world. Now more than ever we need to stay focused on this year's [MAKERS] conference: Be bold. We need strong women to step up and independent film essay, speak out. Sedaris Big Boy! We need you to dare greatly and lead boldly. So please, set an example for every woman and girl out there who's worried about what the essays future holds and wonders whether our rights, opportunities and sedaris big boy, values will endure. And remember, you are the heroes and history makers, the glass ceiling breakers of the future. As I've said before, I'll say again, never doubt that you are valuable and powerful and deserving of every chance and opportunity in the world.
Clinton Launches Onward Together “Voters without an ID can get one free at the Department of Motor Vehicles and they can also cast a provisional ballot pending confirmation that they are legally registered,” WSJ also noted, adding that even though Georgia, Indiana, and Tennessee had “some of the criticism strictest voter ID laws of the more than 30 states that have such laws,” black turnout had recently exceeded that of non-Hispanic whites in 2012 in all three states. Since Feb 14, 2005 --Hits: 61,630,061 --Visitors: 7,024,052.
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essay topics history The following outline is intended as to provide one example of how to write an david sedaris big boy essay essay. Treat it as food for thought, as providing a set of drain essay suggestions some of which you might incorporate into your own method for writing essays. It is useful to begin by considering why essay-writing has long been the method of choice for assessment in history. The chief reason is that no other method provides as effective a means of david sedaris essay testing a student's comprehension of a topic. We want you to show us that not only have you acquired a knowledge of the topic but also that you fully understand the topic and the issues raised by it.
Essays test understanding by asking you to select and re-organise relevant material in order to produce your own answer to the set question. An undergraduate essay need not be particularly innovative in its approach and insights, but it must be the reverse brain drain essay, product of the student's own dialogue with the subject. Essays which do not answer the sedaris essay, question can only be regarded as demonstrating some knowledge of the topic, they cannot be said to show understanding of the topic. Essays which plagiarise or merely reproduce what others have said do not even show knowledge of the topic. Plagiarism is thus not merely a matter of theft, it involves an drain entirely unacceptable subversion of the learning process. 2. Is there a right and a wrong answer? History essays are less about sedaris essay finding the correct answer to the set question than they are about demonstrating that you understand the issues which it raises (and the texts which discuss these issues).
With most historical problems (certainly the most interesting ones) it is seldom possible to arrive at a definitive answer. Suicide Be Legalized Essay. The evidence almost always permits a variety of solutions, and different approaches generate divergent conclusions. There are, however, limits to the field of big boy essay possible solutions, since they must fit in votaire essay with 'the evidence'. David. Of course, exactly what constitutes 'the evidence' is almost invariably one of the issues under discussion among the historians who are most deeply engaged with the problem, but in general for each historical question there will be a body of evidence which is recognised as being relevant to it. This body of evidence will typically comprise what the primary sources tell us about the events and phenomena under discussion. A good answer will need to nets in africa harmonise with all of this evidence, or explain why particular items have been dismissed as having no bearing on the problem. It follows from all of david big boy essay this that there certainly are wrong answers that is, answers which fall outside the field of possible solutions or which fail to take account of received evidence even though there is no 'absolutely right' answer.
Essential steps: select a question; identify the subject of the question; what are you being asked to do - that is, what kind of information will you need to answer the nets in africa, question, and how will you have to treat it? Circling the key words in the question is sometimes a helpful first step in working out exactly what you need to big boy essay do. It is useful to note that there is usually a natural way of structuring your answer: that is, a way of organising an answer which follows naturally from the format of the question and which will put the fewest obstacles in the way of the reader: 'Explain' and essays by camus, 'why' questions demand a list of reasons or one big reason; each reason will have to be explained - that is, clarified, expounded, and illustrated. 'Assess', 'evaluate' and 'define-the-significance-of' questions require judgements supported by reasons, explanation and evidence. You must show why your assessment is the best by considering its merits vis--vis alternative evaluations. It might be useful to define and defend the criteria on which your judgement depends. That is, to explain why they are the best criteria for judging the historical phenomenon at issue. 'What-role-did-X-play-in-Y' questions imply a functionalist approach - that is, they require that you identify the sedaris big boy essay, function of votaire some phenomenon, group or institution within some specific system. Thus, the subject of the question is the 'Y' rather than the 'X' element.
That is, the question requires a discussion of the system as a whole and the consideration of alternative explanations of how 'X' worked within it. 'To-what-extent' questions involve a judgement of sedaris essay measure. One way of answering the question would be set up a series of essays by camus 'tests', as it were, that can be investigated in david sedaris essay turn. This essay will examine five spheres which cast light on the extent of Jewish influence in high medieval France: namely, their role in the commercial life of the should assisted suicide essay, towns, the role of Jewish banking in the agrarian economy, their influence on Christian intellectual life, .. [and so on]. The essay would need a conclusion in which you pulled together the results of your test cases:
It has been seen that the Jews exerted a profound influence on the intellectual life of the universities but almost none on david sedaris essay, that of the established monastic orders.. 'Quote-and-discuss' questions require you to identify the issue at stake and to produce a reasoned response. You may respond, for example, by votaire essay agreeing with the quotation in which case you will need to explain why agreement is the big boy, best response, why it would be wrong to disagree. You should consider the merits of essays by camus a variety of responses. If possible you should always examine the book or article from which the quotation has been taken in david sedaris big boy essay order to discover what its author meant by it, to discover how the author has understood the issues.
'Compare-and-contrast' questions demand the reverse, identification of similarities and differences. One method of tackling such an essay would be to david sedaris distinguish five or six areas of similarity and essay, contrast, and to devote a section of the essay to david sedaris big boy essay each area - a section in which you would assess the degree of similarity and reach a sub-conclusion. The conclusion would then require a summation of the reverse drain, various 'sub-conclusions'. It needs to be stressed that none of these types of question calls for a narrative approach . You will never be asked to produce a narrative of david what happened. In rare circumstances, a few sentences of narrative may form part of the evidence cited in support of a point, but the essay as a whole should be organised according to a logical structure in which each paragraph functions as a premise in the argument. Suicide Be Legalized Essay. The analytical and expository voice will always prove more effective than the narrative mode of writing. The aim of your initial reading should be to identify an argument which answers the question - one which you find plausible and can carry through with conviction. Sedaris. For this purpose, it will be useful to nets in africa read at least two or three items, including a recent book covering the general area in which the sedaris big boy essay, topic falls. Assisted Suicide Be Legalized Essay. Articles in reference books such as an encyclopaedia can provide an overview, but they rarely provide adequate coverage of the issues. Citing such works will undermine the credibility of sedaris your essay.
Do not forget to make notes as you go. Making notes helps you to summarise arguments and ideas, to should be legalized select points relevant to your essay, to clarify and david sedaris big boy essay, adjust your understanding of the essay question and of the topic it bears upon. But your main priority should be to essays by camus discover an argument. Once you have come up with a working argument, you need to draw up a plan to guide the next stage of your research. It should comprise a list of the points which each paragraph will attempt to david sedaris essay demonstrate, and rough notes on supporting examples. It may be useful to begin by nets in africa thinking again what type of david sedaris big boy essay question you have chosen and by looking the natural way of answering it. Votaire Essay On Tolerance. In order to draw up a plan you will need to evaluate its merits: What points will I need to david essay make in nets in africa order to sustain this argument? Are there alternative points of david sedaris big boy view which will have to be considered and refuted in order to make this argument work?
Do I have enough examples and evidence to support the votaire essay on tolerance, points which are crucial to my argument? Do I need to know more about the sedaris big boy essay, examples I'm planning to use? Perhaps there is another way of looking at this piece of evidence which I'll have to brave new world criticism mention or even refute? Having decided on the line of argument you intend to use, and identified areas where you need more material, search the reading list and bibliographies of the texts you've been using for books and articles which will help you to solve these problems. Go and collect the information, making notes and adding notes to your plan as you go along. David Big Boy Essay. Do not forget to make careful bibliographical notes for every book and article you consult. You will need this information when it comes to votaire on tolerance footnoting your essay. Inevitably, the big boy essay, previous stage will turn up things you hadn't thought of and books with better things to say about the topic.
Do not panic. Ask yourself: can your argument be saved with a few adjustments? Does the argument need to be re-constructed from nets in africa scratch? If so, how can I recycle the information I've already begun to collect? Much will depend upon how confident you now feel about your argument. Follow your instincts: if the argument feels wrong, look for a better one. It is better to start again than to write an david essay essay that lacks conviction. Suicide Essay. If complete reconstruction is david essay unavoidable, go back to '5. Drawing up a Plan'. Having revised you argument (and plan), it's time to write your essay. Brave New World Criticism Essays. If you've carried out steps one to david sedaris essay five properly, it should be possible to write the first draft up in two or three hours.
(a) Writing an should suicide be legalized essay Introduction. An introduction should show how you intend to answer the question, by (1) indicating the line of argument you intend to take, by (2) giving an overview of the organisation of what follows, and by (3) indicating the sort of material or evidence you will be using. It is an effective strategy, especially when writing a short essay, to begin with a bold, attention-grabbing, first sentence which shows the marker that you know what you are doing: that is, answer the question as briefly as possible with your first sentence. David Essay. The second sentence should then enlarge upon the argument indicated by the first. (b) The body of the essay. Intelligent use of paragraphing is crucial to the success of an essays by camus essay.
Often, it is best to organise the paragraphs so that each makes and defends a point or premise essential the argument of the essay. (By 'premise' is meant a point which is part of and essential to david sedaris the argument of the essay.) It must be entirely clear how your points fit into independent essay, the argument: essays which meander around the david sedaris big boy essay, topic leaving the assisted suicide be legalized, marker to join the david essay, dots to comprise an should assisted be legalized answer are not acceptable, since they fail to demonstrate understanding. It is a good idea to use 'topic sentences' to signal the david sedaris, subject and make explicit the point of each paragraph. Brave New World. These ought not to be too repetitive in form but should show how the paragraph fits into the argument of the essay as a whole. The following topic sentences (here marked in red for clarity) would, for example, be appropriate as a way of david introducing paragraphs that comprised a series of 'tests' in a 'to-what-extent' essay that called for an assessment of the effects of the essays, Black Death on the development of medieval Europe. It is david sedaris big boy essay also possible to assess the extent of the catastrophe by looking at the level of brave criticism demand for land in the major urban centres. In Genoa, for example, land prices fell sharply from a high in 1310 of. [several sentences of examples] . The dramatic fall in the prices of land within urban centres implies an equally sharp fall in the numbers of people wanting to live in cities and, thus also, a sudden decline in the actual number of people living there. Notice how the point briefly introduced in the topic sentence is developed naturally by the second sentence of the paragraph. It is better to avoid trying the explain everything in a single sentence: clusters of sentences that flow from one to another are much more effective! Signposting your evidence will give the essay that all important sense of critical depth and originality:
Seapower was a crucial to European expansion. This much is sedaris essay illustrated by the way in which Europe expanded between the tenth and sixteenth centuries. Southwards and eastwards expansion in the eastern Mediterranean was heavily dependent upon the availability of effective fleets of warships and trading vessels. There were critical moments, such as in the late eleventh-century conquests of Sicily and Sardinia, when. Independent Film. [and so on.] You need to give the marker a sense of where your opinions end and of where the supporting evidence begins. But remember to david essay vary your signposts: using the same phrase over and over again will distract and drain, bore the david sedaris, reader.
If the supporting evidence is not a well-known and irrefutable fact, it will probably need to be given the additional support of a footnote indicating where you have obtained your information or which historian's interpretation of the piece of evidence being deployed you have chosen to follow. It will sometimes be useful to quote other authors, especially primary sources, but do not overdo it. New World. It is often better to put things in your own words while still clearly signalling the source of the idea and using a footnote (e.g. 'According to Mayer the first crusade.'), since this helps to show that you have understood what was being said - providing that you have indeed grasped what was being said! (c) The Conclusion. All essays need a carefully thought out conclusion which follows logically from the points made and affirmed in the course of your essay.
It need not rehearse the points you have rejected. Always check to see that the conclusion you have drawn is the one which follows logically from the points and evidence you have assembled. (d) Footnoting. Opinions differ over whether to footnote after completing the first draft or as you write. David Big Boy. Sometimes, it is best to go back and footnote the essay after you have finished, because inserting footnotes can disturb the flow of your writing. On the other hand, it is useful to essay on tolerance consider what will need to be footnoted as you write, since footnotes are part of the rhetorical apparatus of a formal essay and give weight and power to an argument. For the same reason, it is best to put the essay, notes at the bottom of the page rather than at the end of the essay. It looks more impressive (especially if you cite well and brain, widely), and sedaris big boy, saves the marker flicking back and forth. The markers, it should be noted, are under instructions to check footnotes. (e) Once you have finished you should compile your bibliography . (f) Now save your essay, print out independent, a text, put it aside for a couple of days, and work on something else. Inevitably, when you come to re-read your essay, you will always think of better ways of putting things.
You may even think of supporting evidence you could add to the text, but make sure that any additions do not spoil the flow. You may find that some of your points are irrelevant: this material should be disregarded. You should also ask yourself whether the links between the paragraphs are clear and logical? Perhaps the essay would be more effective if they were put in a different order? If the essay, essay has been written on a word processor it should be easy enough to drain essay achieve this by cutting and pasting paragraphs. Your essay should have a clear and consistent structure throughout, so that one paragraph follows another logically and carries the argument forward. You will need to essay edit: for grammar, spelling and punctuation; to remove unnecessary verbiage, colloquialisms and jargon; to ensure that the brave new world essays, footnotes and bibliography conform with the required style sheet; and for the coherence and quality of your writing. You should always check the printed text of your essay before submitting it.
The eye tends to overlook errors on the screen, and spell checkers almost invariably allow a significant number of david big boy essay mistakes to nets in africa slip through. 'Their' and 'there', for example, will both be accepted as correct by a word processor regardless of which one you should actually have used in a given context. The ability to write good essays does not come to many people easily. It is a skill which requires constant attention and practice. It is, however, a skill which will serve you well no matter what you choose to david sedaris big boy essay do when you leave university. Effective communication is criticism a key to success in many walks of life.
There is, therefore, every incentive to apply yourself to the development of this art. Credits: This guide was devised and developed by Paul Antony Hayward (2000-2007).