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Beefing Up Your Resume Before the Career Search Begins: Key Advice for College Students. by Kate Gredley Finding a job can be a difficult endeavor in encountering essay, today#8217;s job market for essay life for school, college graduates #8212; so while you are still in college, it#8217;s time to encountering essay crucible, be proactive about your career. Even landing a fairly elementary job in hospitality or retail has become increasingly difficult. Still, it is system in india important that you create a resume that demonstrates that you are the superior candidate to all the other Joes and Janes competing for the same position.That is not to say finding a job when you have limited experience or skills will be impossible, it is just a weakness #8212; one that ca n be overcome with the right attitude and a little charm.Unfortunately not all of us job-seekers possess that level of encountering crucible suave charisma #8212; and structure of a thus most of conflict essay us should be thinking of essays illiad ways to develop new skills, gain new experiences, and achieve additional accomplishments. Encountering Conflict Crucible! Why Do I Need To Beef Up My Resume? Years ago, a basic resume might have landed you a job without much trouble. Today, a glut of recently graduated college students and laid off workers means you must be proactive about your job search. Even a degree in an up and short in india coming field such as informational-technology is no longer enough to encountering conflict essay crucible, assure a job. How Do I Know If I Need To Beef Up My Resume?
Your resume would be considered weak if you have a hard time detailing your experience and accomplishments. More experienced job-seekers will have an on the illiad, easier time creating a solid resume, but inexperienced job seekers #8212; if they prepare properly using the tips in this article #8212; should be able to conflict essay, create a resume that is just as solid. When Should I Start Beefing Up My Resume? If you are sitting at the computer the day before you begin your job-search and realize that your compiled skills and experiences can fill only what are the characteristics good, a few lines, then you have waited too long. I cannot express enough the importance of consciously engaging in activities that will allow you to create a solid resume years before you begin searching for a job. If you have not been as proactive as you should have been, you should begin engaging in encountering, activities to mobile, beef up your resume immediately. Here are some activities that you can engage in to beef up #8212; to improve the quality of your resume: Volunteer Work: If you have the time, squeeze in some volunteer experience. You may not be the type of individual who enjoys spending precious free time altruistically helping out at conflict non-profits, but consider volunteering at least a few hours a month. Employers like to see that their potential employees are engaged in the community. Lab Report! This kind of service demonstrates a high level of respect, responsibility, and willingness to go the extra mile to encountering crucible, help the community flourish.
This is a persona that you should be eager to present to dissertation statut, potential employers. [Learn more about volunteering and non-profits here.] Work-Study and Part-Time Jobs: When you build your resume, include any work-study or part-time job experiences that you have acquired over the years. You may not believe it, but these jobs form a solid foundation. Even if your part-time job was working at a fast-food joint or chasing down carts at a local store, it still provided valuable experience. Jobs tell future employers that you understand the value of work. Ideally, locate a part-time job that is relevant to your future career field, but even if you can#8217;t, unrelated jobs demonstrate to encountering essay, employers that you have experience working in a formal environment in which you were expected to demonstrate that you could accomplish given tasks and show up on time. Class Projects: Include any major class projects that you worked on while in college or high school. Class projects can be individual or group projects. The class projects that you include on your resume should demonstrate that you have experience in your career field if possible, although more general group projects will still tell employers that you have experience collaborating productively in a group. Key class projects to include on your resume are senior projects or your thesis.
Internships: Internships, like volunteer work, may be unpaid experience. Unlike volunteer work, they are often geared toward your upcoming career. They provide actual experience in your chosen career. An internship (or more than one) demonstrates to potential employers that you have real-world experience. Too often job-seekers are not able to gain experience in essays on the, their field until they obtain a job.
Internship experience demonstrates that you can excel in your chosen career. An internship may signal to an employer that the organization will not need to spend as much time training you in basic skills, which may put you slightly ahead of the other candidates. [Learn more about internships and interning here.] Leadership Positions Within Clubs and encountering crucible Organizations: Consider one or more leadership positions within organizations in which you are a member #8212; and include these on your resume. Just remember to focus your time on a few positions. What Are The! Accepting too many positions will stretch your time too thinly. Leadership positions provide valuable experience. Conflict Essay Crucible! You can showcase your skills leading a group, dealing with diverse groups of people, and cultivating and organizing ideas. Potential employers like to see this level of responsibility. Employers often look for individuals who can help the essay on student, organization excel, individuals with the potential to encountering crucible, become the future managers of the company. [Learn more about on student life students gaining experience while in college here: 15 Quick Tips for Gaining Valuable Experience in College.] Final Thoughts on encountering conflict essay crucible, Beefing Up Your Resume.
These are just a few ideas to jumpstart you into creating a better resume, one filled with more experience than perhaps you thought you had.Hopefully by the end of what are the essay this process you will have a well-written resume that is full of relevant experiences and accomplishments. Essay Crucible! Once the on student life, resume has been compiled you can go into encountering essay job-hunting confidently.One final piece of advice for statut juridique, beefing up your resume #8212; and your skills. Consider actively learning new technology. Office work in particular is computer-based. Companies will often train you, but it is advantageous to conflict essay, express a mastery of essays on the technology.
Remember, the more you know the better. Once you decide on a career field, research possible skills that employers will depend on. Some basic skills that you should know how to do include: Creating Webpages with Word Press and HTML Manipulating pictures with Photoshop Using GoogleDocs and Microsoft Office Managing professional social media profiles. Questions about essay some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on juridique, key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker#8217;s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Don#8217;t forget to take advantage of all the conflict essay crucible, resume articles, tutorials, and more in this section of Quintessential Careers: Resume and CV Resources and Tools for Job-Seekers, as well as the key resources for college grads in are the characteristics essay, this section: College Student, Recent College Grad: Career and Job-Search Resources. Kate Gredley is an encountering conflict essay, elementary teacher with a background in marketing.
She thrives on creativity and helping America#8217;s youth proactively develop skills that will aid them in their future careers. She writes about marketing degrees for are the characteristics of a leader, Globe University. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Encountering Essay Crucible! Hansen. Dr.
Randall S. Dissertation! Hansen is encountering crucible founder of statut Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on conflict, the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of essay on student students MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. Conflict Essay! He is publisher of of a lab report Quintessential Careers Press, including the conflict essay crucible, Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Small Business Mobile Phone! Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in encountering essay, books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country.
Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an statut, educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Check out Dr. Encountering Conflict! Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is dissertation juridique your key source for all things career-change related.
You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by crucible, the staff of dissertation Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Encountering! Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers.
The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and are the good leader more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to essay, the career and employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of structure of a Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and conflict more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to business mobile plans, go straight to the career and employment section of the  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.
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10 Things Smart PhDs Do NOT Put On Their Industry Resumes. Written by conflict essay crucible, Isaiah Hankel, Ph.D. What are you supposed to do when you send hundreds of resumes out and get nothing back but a few automated responses? This is the question I was trying to answer my last year of business mobile plans graduate school. I literally sent out encountering crucible hundreds of resumes. I posted my resume to Monster.com and waited for on the illiad the tidal wave of encountering industry job offers to roll in. Are The Of A! Yeah…that didn’t happen. I polished up a generic resume and encountering uploaded it to dozens of industry job websites. I remember getting on Pfizer and on student for school students Baxter’s websites, clicking the job opportunities tab, and seeing all the industry job openings. “Yes!” I thought. Piece-of-cake. I’ll just upload my resume and have an offer by the end of the week.
There couldn’t possibly be that many other PhDs out there applying to the same PhD jobs. Wrong. I found out later that some companies receive over conflict crucible, 2,000 resumes a day. 2,000 a day! I felt stuck and lost so I asked my academic advisor to help me write my resume. Structure! He sent me his CV and said “Here, look at this.” Great. Encountering Conflict Essay Crucible! Thanks for structure of a nothing. Conflict Essay Crucible! I knew that industry hiring managers weren’t interested in CVs.
How did my advisor not know this? That’s when I realized how little lifetime academics know about getting an industry job. So, I asked one of the job counselors at the graduate school for advice. She told me the key to getting an interview was to write a very detailed cover letter, make sure that my education history was at the top of my resume, and to include a one sentence “objective” at the very top of my resume. Okay. That’s great advice.
Right? Nope. She was wrong too. It wasn’t until 3 months later that I found out statut just how awful her advice was. Over 427,000 resumes are posted to conflict essay crucible, Monster.com each week—that’s just one job website.
Most companies use Applicant Tracking Software to automatically filter and plans eliminate 75% of the encountering conflict essay, resumes sent to them. If your resume makes it to the desk of a hiring manager and recruiter, they will spend an average of just 5-7 seconds reading it. Seconds. That’s all you get. All the hours, days, months, and years you’ve spent getting your PhD will come down to just a few seconds. Think of how hard you’ve worked to get to dissertation juridique, where you are. Are you really going to throw it all away by conflict essay crucible, not taking the are the of a good leader essay, time to get your resume just right? More is more. This is what most PhDs are taught. Triplicates are better than duplicates. An N of encountering essay 200 is better than an essay students, N of 2. A CV with 10 first author publications is better than a CV with one first author publication.
On and on. But, when it comes to encountering conflict, creating a strong industry resume for a PhD job, less is more. Adding the wrong things or too many things to your resume will keep you from getting the industry job you want. A better strategy is to simplify your industry resume down to only the things that industry hiring managers and recruiters actually want to see. Here are 10 things smart PhDs like you should remove from your industry resume: 1. Unprofessional email address. Structure! Three out of four resumes are discarded because they’re sent from an unprofessional email address or have an unprofessional email address attached to their resume or cover letter.
This means you can put yourself ahead of 75% of the other applicants simply by conflict essay crucible, eliminating any references to unprofessional email addresses like email@example.com or similar. A lot of PhDs are afraid to use their University email address when applying to essays illiad, jobs because they think their PI is going to hack into their email account and crucible find out they’re trying to leave the lab. This won’t happen. PIs don#8217;t have access to your University email account. However, if you’re currently working in industry and looking to essay life for school students, change jobs, don’t use your work email because your boss can absolutely see your emails. Encountering Essay Crucible! Instead, create a very professional gmail address in this format: firstname.lastname@example.org. If this version of your name is small business mobile plans taken, then simple insert your middle initial or middle name between your first and last names. 2. Impersonal greeting. Never use an essay, impersonal greeting on your resume’s cover letter.
Greetings like #8220;Dear Sirs#8221; or #8220;To Whom It May Concern#8221; are creepy, distant, and outdated. Most importantly, these greetings makes you seem lazy. Are The Essay! Instead of taking the time to research who the hiring manager is, you just threw your hands up in the air and typed a general greeting that could be applied to encountering conflict essay, anyone. As a result, your resume and small plans candidacy were seen as mediocre at essay, best. Smart PhDs always use a personal greeting. They know that over 50% of all top industry jobs are given to referrals, but only 7% of essay system in india applicants are referrals.
Let that sink in. Over 50% of the best positions are given to people who have networked and, as a result, have been introduced to encountering conflict essay, a decision-maker or someone who will vouch for them to small business plans, a decision-maker. Yet, 93% of people applying to these jobs are just sending out encountering conflict their resumes blindly and impersonally on the Internet without knowing anyone at essays, the company they want to conflict essay crucible, work for. Which side of the fence are you on? Before you send your resume in, find out mobile phone who the hiring manager is. Or at least find out the encountering, name of someone who works on essays on the, the team you’re trying to crack into. At the very least, use the name of someone in human resources. Encountering! Then, connect with people who work at what of a essay, the company you’re seeking employment at. Network on conflict crucible, LinkedIn, network at face-to-face events, and do whatever it takes to get to statut, know someone well enough to encountering conflict essay crucible, put their name on the first line of your cover letter. In the essay on dowry system, end, your cover letter should be short and sweet, with a personal greeting (e.g.
Dear Jeremy, Dear Dr. Smith) and encountering conflict essay crucible should start with a line like, “I have been in contact with Jason Jones , your Regional Sales Manager , who mentioned that your open Project Manager position would be perfect for me.” Putting an objective statement at the top of your resume will not help you get an industry job. Instead, it will paint you into a corner. On Student Life For School Students! A better strategy is to encountering conflict crucible, use a visual center . A visual center starts at 2 inches from the what are the of a leader essay, top of your resume and ends 2 inches below that. This center should be emphasized with graphics, such as textboxes, bullets, and bold fonts. Load the visual center with the value you will offer the company, such as across-the-board accomplishments, industry-specific skills, a summary of a highly successful project you lead, or even a clipping from a recommendation letter or news article about your work.
Resumes with visual centers that are interesting and catch the reader’s eye will be read much more carefully than they would be otherwise. A strong visual center will make you stand out without preventing you from being considered for conflict additional positions. If you want employers to notice you and lab report keep you in mind for conflict essay crucible other positions that you may also be qualified for, replace your objective statement with a visual center. Recruiters and hiring managers spend just a couple of seconds looking at a resume before deciding whether it’s worth a full read. This means you should show them exactly what they want to see first.
And guess what—they don’t care about the dates. They care about the title of the position you held, the name of your employers, the location of your employer, and, most importantly, what you achieved. Don’t mistake your resume for a publication citation. It doesn’t need to essays on the illiad, list the essay, dates first. When listing past employment, exclude the dates or at least list them last. If you really want to get your resume read, list your experience by relevance, not by date.
Just like you can sort publications on PubMed by relevance to a specific topic, you can sort your work experience by structure lab report, relevance to a specific position. Always put your work experience above your education history. Smart PhDs never bury the lead on encountering conflict essay crucible, their resumes. Your lead is what employers want to read most on your resume. Drop the dates and the dated mentality. Short Essay On Dowry! Instead, create a strong visual center, followed by a list of encountering work experience sorted by relevance to the position you#8217;re applying for. Industry employers do not want to read about your job duties. They care about the outcomes you achieved, not how you achieved the outcomes. Your resume does not need a methodology section. Delete any reference to what are the, “job duties” or “responsibilities included.” Instead, list key achievements as tangibly as possible. Conflict Essay Crucible! Unlike your typical CV, a good industry resume is structure lab report always accomplishment-focused.
This means that within seconds of reading your resume, employers should be able to see that the return on investment for encountering essay hiring you is higher than the structure of a lab report, salary you are asking for. Encountering Essay! You must demonstrate that you can save your potential employer time and make them money. If you’ve spent your entire career in good essay academia, you can still add tangible outcomes to your resume. For example, you could say, “Helped PI recognize over $1,000,000 in encountering grant funding by skillfully leading a team of scientists to complete all projects on on the, time, resulting in encountering grant renewal every year.” Do not waste precious resume space on listing the contact information of three professional references. Don’t even waste space on writing “References Upon Request.” Employers know that you have references.
If you don’t, then you shouldn’t be applying for the job in are the good leader essay the first place. Conflict Essay Crucible! You should be networking. 7. Typos and grammatical errors. What Are The Essay! If you can’t spell #8220;Technical Specialist#8221; correctly, you shouldn#8217;t be one. At least that#8217;s what employers will think when they read a typo on your resume. Surveys and studies show that top companies care more about encountering conflict essay, communication and interpersonal skills than anything else when interviewing new candidates. One of the very first indicators employers will have of your communication skills is your industry resume.
If it is riddled with mistakes, you will not move to the interview stage. What Are The Good Essay! Your industry resume must be absolutely perfect. If you’re not a good writer or if English is not your native language and you’re submitting your resume in English, make sure you have a professional editor proofread it for errors. You don’t need to pay hundreds of dollars for this. You can find worthy editors on eLance and Fiverr who will polish your resume for as little as $5. Crucible! Once you’ve had your resume professionally proofread, go back and insert relevant keywords into short essay it. Then have it proofread again.
This is the best and most successful sequence to follow. First, write your resume without considering keywords so it flows well. Then, have it proofread. Encountering Crucible! Next, add keywords. And finally, have it proofread again. Using relevant keywords is critical to getting your resume past the Applicant Tracking Software checkpoint. It’s also important for getting your resume past recruiters and hiring managers who will use the “Find” function on their computers to do quick keyword searches on your resume.
The best place to find the keywords you should use is in the job description of the position you’re applying for. For example, if the essay on student for school, description contains the phrase “project management” over and over againas in, project management experience requiredyou can bet the hiring managers entered it into their Applicant Tracking Software and that they will search for it themselves once they have your resume in hand. Publications don#8217;t matter in industry. Encountering! Even hiring managers for industry RD positions don’t care about your publications. This is especially true at the resume-reading stage of the hiring process. I know—it hurts. I’m sorry. There may be a few outdated hiring managers or RD directors who will insist that publications should be listed on statut, an applicant’s resume, but they’re simply wrong. Encountering Conflict! Smart PhDs know that putting their publication record on an industy resume is a waste of time.
They know that industry employers want to see work experience and results, not publications or education history. You’ve worked hard on your publications and should be proud of them, but don’t let your pride get in the way of creating a sharp resume. Besides, your publication record isn’t going anywhere. Essays Illiad! Once you get to the interview stage, if hiring managers want to conflict essay crucible, bring up the papers you’ve published, they will. What Are The Characteristics Of A Good Leader Essay! Recruiters and hiring managers have mountains of resumes sent to them daily. Recall that some companies receive thousands of resumes a day and most of these will be filtered out by Applicant Tracking Software. Essay! The remaining resumes will be further filtered out by employers who are unwilling to phone, read anything beyond a bullet point followed by a single sentence. Encountering Conflict Crucible! Think of writing an industry resume as the opposite of writing an academic journal article.
Instead of using dense text and long paragraphs to construct a well-formulated argument, you want to simplify everything down into digestible nuggets of information. Avoid turnoffs like small, dense font styles and sizes. Avoid run-on sentences. Avoid paragraphs altogether. Smart PhDs put everything on their resume behind a bullet point, number, or header and never put more than two sentences together at small mobile phone, a time. 10. Overly personal information. Industry resumes that are submitted with photos are rejected 88% of the time.
Why? Because submitting a photo is too personal. Don’t make the encountering, mistake of getting too personal too soon. The most important rule of small business phone plans writing an conflict essay crucible, effective industry resume is to leave off all personal information. If you’re smart and have followed the other points in are the good leader essay this article, you know that networking and encountering essay crucible finding strong references is the most important thing you can do to get your resume read. The only personal information you should submit with your resume is a short cover letter with a personal greeting and a personal reference—a reference who works at the company you’re applying to.
However, don’t be afraid to essay, add a line (just one, single line) to your resume indicating a particular award you’ve received or leadership role you’ve held in the past, especially if it’s a non-academic award or leadership role. Things like “Captain of the swim team winning 3 consecutive awards for leadership” or “Four-time Habitat for Humanity project leader and Eagle Scout” will help differentiate you from the piles of resumes coming in from PhDs who having nothing but academic achievements to reference. Finally, it’s important to encountering, understand that almost every company you apply to (up to 93% of them) will Google your name and look up your social media profiles. Before you submit your resume, make sure your social media profiles are professional and what are the good display a unified message. Conflict! To learn more about transitioning into business mobile phone a non-academic career, including instant access to our exclusive training videos, case studies, industry insider documents, transition plan, and private online network, join the Cheeky Scientist Association. Latest posts by Isaiah Hankel Ph.D. Encountering Essay Crucible! (see all) Industry Transition Spotlight: James Morris, PhD - October 5, 2017 Industry Transition Spotlight: Karin Weigelt, PhD - September 28, 2017 Climbing Career Ladders (Industry Careers For PhDs Podcast) - September 28, 2017.
Get Your Free Industry “Insider Booklet” Your First Step In Your Transition To Industry. Some good advice here. The visual centre is dissertation statut a good concept however if the organisation uses resume scanning software then graphics will cause problems. Keep it clean and readable by the software and then by a human if you are lucky enough to make the first cut. Thanks for sharing your opinion Sally. Some very good points made and to stress the encountering conflict essay, point on typos and grammatical errors please take notice of the following: #8220;However, don’t be afraid to add a line (just one, single line) to your resume indicating a particular award you’re received or leadership roll you’ve held in the past, especially if it’s a non-academic award or leadership roll.#8221; I believe you meant to say #8220;you#8217;ve#8221; instead or #8220;you#8217;re#8221; and #8220;role#8221; instead of #8220;roll#8221; Thanks for the find Marwah, though you may have missed the point of the dissertation statut juridique, article. No actually, I appreciate the article and I am implementing your suggestions accordingly. Encountering Essay! #8220;7. Essay On Student Students! Typos and grammatical errors. If you can’t spell “Technical Specialist” correctly, you shouldn’t be. one. Encountering Conflict Essay Crucible! At least that’s what employers will think when they read a typo on your resume.#8221; ..condescends poster for life students being pedantic#8230; PS: this is your resume for people you#8217;re convincing to take your advice.
Thanks a lot for this great article !. Where can i find a clear picture of the example shown in encountering conflict advice number 3.) Objective statement ? Thanks for dissertation statut juridique the advice. Crucible! The above are very handy. Should I even mention my PhD when applying for industry jobs? Sorry, it sounds like a stupid question, but sometimes I feel it quite awkward and what are the of a leader out of crucible place given that my PhD topic is are the good leader totally unrelated to many of the jobs I apply for anyway. Excellent advice. Any chance the #8220;After#8221; template is available for encountering crucible download somewhere? Are there any examples of how a resume should look like for recently graduated PhD?
Im curious, because I just don#8217;t know what to include in my resume if my publications does not matter (not that I have that many)? I only have education and in my country a PhD is considered as work. Also, in my resume I have a section called key skills mentioning things like software, lab equipment etc. My PhD has been more of engineering type of work. I have been developing an optical sensor. Essay On Student! I would prefer to go to encountering essay, industry now. so I am trying to increase my chances. Really enjoy reading your posts. Keep up the great work! I do not question your suggestion in point #8 to remove publications from a resume. Essays On The! However, a first author publication on a resume shows successful teamwork, strong communication skills, and encountering conflict essay conclusive results!
It would seem to short essay system in india, me that those are exactly the qualities that companies would be looking for conflict crucible in prospective candidates. Can you explain why these qualities should be devalued? Suggestion for publications: just put a link to your MyNCBI publication list at the bottom of your resume. This will not eat up more than two lines of space. If a potential employer is essays really interested in you and your work, then everything that you#8217;ve done is there. Excellent advice. Anybody have an encountering conflict essay crucible, existing LaTeX template that is laid out according to these principles? These articles make me nauseous; not because they are untrue, but because they are very true. Dissertation! Just sad when even a PhD in a complete #8216;nerd#8217; position has to encountering conflict crucible, impress the structure, former clothing sales girl with ADD, then the encountering, bean counter who needs to know how much money you can save the corporation.
If you#8217;re applying for a PR/marketing or finance position then fine, but seriously#8230; Does nobody care that #8216;getting hired#8217; is now the primary skill in today#8217;s job market? Could this conceivably not end well? In fact it already is. PS- also not knocking your advice, but on every page an essay on student life, expert offers a different take; case in point the photo on a resume. Agree. I#8217;m not a PhD but a writer. I have taken a hint from the resumes of software engineers I#8217;ve worked with in tech. Encountering Conflict! Write for the person who understands the skills you bring, and try to get to that person directly.
As an industry RD hiring manager (currently hiring), this article frustrates me quite a bit. In my scan of resumes, one of the first things I look at is the dates of your education and work experience so I can understand your career path, and right after that I want to look at your publications. I don#8217;t want to essay on student for school, hear how you got a $1M grant, I want to know that you were able to get a high quality scientific publication published because that was the conflict, primary output of your PhD. While I agree that industry hiring managers are looking for specific things and some of this post I agree with, I think some is plain bad advice. The biggest thing I want in your resume is clarity I want to see every major accomplishment in your career so far, including publications, as quickly and clearly as possible.
Thank you Yvar! I#8217;m currently looking for structure of a lab report jobs and I was debating on if I should list my publication records (which is very good) on my CV or not. And I saw this article, and I was so frustrated because I believe somebody who did their job well in his previous position is more likely to encountering, do their next job well. Even that the publication record shouldn#8217;t mean everything, it should mean something. It#8217;s a representation of what you have achieved and what you are capable of as a Ph.D. Illiad! or researcher. I#8217;m glad that as a hiring manager you think the same, that gives me quite a lot encouragement #128578; Hi, I am a recent PhD graduate and actively looking for an industry job, though not really successful! I am looking for a professional Resume writer to help me with re-construct my industry CV.
Anyone here has a suggestion where I can find one? I too am in the same fight and this person at top resume really gave me the almost exact advice and offers packages to help you with your overall industry profile. email@example.com. Ready To Get Started? Join Cheeky! Cheeky Scientist is a training platform for academics who want to transition into non-academic careers.
The Cheeky Scientist Association is conflict essay our specialized training program for dissertation statut juridique PhDs who want to transition into industry. The site is not a part of the Facebook website or Facebook inc. Encountering! Additionally, this site is NOT endorsed by Facebook in any way. FACEBOOK is on student students a trademark of conflict FACEBOOK inc.
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The Heroic Deed: Myth and conflict essay Revolution. According to legend, the last words of Che Guevara before his execution were “I know you've come to kill me. Shoot coward, you are only going to kill a man.” What Che meant here was that the cause of revolution would live on despite his death. Whether or not the myth is true, the meaning behind it has inspired revolutionaries throughout the world. Essay Life Students? In certain ways, the myth surrounding Che Guevara has been just as important as the truth. In fact, myths provide a crucial underpinning to how ideology and society is able to function. Myths play a major role not only in society, but in radical political movements, as was recognized by the French syndicalist Georges Sorel and encountering conflict crucible the Peruvian communist Jose Carlos Mariategui. And despite the scientific pretensions of much of the left, myths also supply inspiration, passion and faith to militants in essays illiad the course of struggle.
Before discussing the role of myth on the left, we need to encountering conflict have some idea of how myth works in the world. According to Joseph Campbell, a scholar of myths, mythology performs four functions in dissertation statut juridique human society. The first one is the mystical function where “Myth opens the world to the dimension of mystery, to the realization of the mystery that underlies all forms.”  The universe is full of wonder, glory and mystery that we lie in awe before. These mysteries lie beyond the realm of human experience and cannot be captured in our ordinary language. Yet the symbols and rituals of mythology are a way to address and essay make sense of this reality that lies beyond our comprehension. The second function of myth, Campbell says, is cosmological. Myth in this sense can be thought of on the, as a form of proto-science, showcasing how the universe works by providing explanations for the creation of the world, the origin of human life, the change of seasons, etc. In modern society, the cosmological function is taken over more and more by science. However, Campbell states that myths and science don't come into conflict, rather science pushes to the edge of mystery, to encountering conflict essay that which can never be known, such as the source of life. Campbell identifies the third function of myth as its sociological function of “supporting and validating a certain social order.”  This purpose of myth can vary greatly depending upon the particular society.
We can naturally expect feudal society to what are the leader essay consider usury and the pursuit of profit to be vices, while capitalist society would look upon them as virtues. Naturally, the myths of a reigning social order, such as capitalism, promote that system and its values. Yet even within different capitalist societies, the role of myth can vary greatly. Let us expand on this. For example, the predominant myths in essay the United States promote individualism, the American Dream and white supremacy. The founding myth is that the American Revolution brought “freedom and democracy.” Yet this revolution in of a lab report actuality was marked by limited popular involvement (mainly among the white and crucible male population) that created institutions to solidify the rule of essay life students, a new local ruling class based upon expansionism, genocide and slavery. This legacy of the American Revolution has made it quite easy to be used, obsessively so, by American leaders to conflict crucible promote the dominant values of capitalist society which is reflected in dissertation statut juridique the working class.
The reality of the American Revolution has in conflict essay fact made it difficult to structure of a lab report be embraced by encountering essay crucible, those advocating egalitarian change. On the other hand, French society, while also capitalist, has a far more economistic class consciousness ethic among the working class than in the USA. Modern France owes its origin to the Revolution of statut, 1789 which was a massive social upheaval from below (far surpassing the American Revolution) that brought radical changes that conflicted with the bourgeois leadership. While the reigning social order in France can be traced to 1789, there is an ambivalence in the embrace of the essay crucible values of the revolution by the ruling class. Political figures may revere the “Republic” but there is no corresponding civil worship of its “founding fathers” (as can be found in the United States).
Although conservatives can wrap themselves in structure of a lab report the Tricolor, the slogan “Liberte, egalite, fraternite” can easily be appropriated by opponents of capitalism such as socialists, communists, and anarchists. Mythology, just like ideology, serves the role of initiating and interpellating individuals into subjects. The reigning myths associated with them in society such as the American Dream or Christian values, are not merely mistaken ideas or examples of “false consciousness,” but rather they exist in material practices (such as schools or churches). Encountering Conflict? According to Louis Althusser, “Ideology does not exist in the ‘world of statut juridique, ideas’ conceived as a ‘spiritual world’. Encountering? Ideology exists in institutions and are the characteristics essay the practices specific to them. We are even tempted to say, more precisely: ideology exists in apparatuses and the practices specific to conflict crucible them.”  Ideology (such as myths) exists through the for school Ideological State Apparatuses (ISA), even though they are private – churches, schools, families, etc, they still reinforce the rule of the dominant class through ideology. We can see this in the example of Christian fundamentalism, whose adherents not only believe in God, pray and attend church.
As Althusser says, “If he believes in Duty, he will have the corresponding attitudes, inscribed in ritual practices ‘according to conflict essay crucible the correct principles’.”  Thus, a Christian fundamentalist is likely to be an American patriot who waves the flag, raises their children to revere the institutions and laws of the country (so long as they are in conformity with family values), serve in the military, etc. Yet whereas it was the characteristics of a good church that was dominant in feudal society, Althusser identifies the school as the main ISA in modern society. Encountering Essay Crucible?  At school, students learn not only skills such as reading and writing, but socialization in the reigning values and culture of society, so that they can eventually become “good” and what are the characteristics of a good essay “obedient” citizens. In other words, the school serves to prepare most students to be obedient workers who accept the myths and values of society and accept their subordinate station in life as natural. We should not look at the interpellation of subjects through the ISAs as denying human agency (which is a common objection to Althusser). The ISAs are necessary not only because it takes more than repressive force for the ruling order to maintain its power (although they will rely upon that as a last resort), but since class struggle never ceases. “Just as the encountering crucible class struggle never ceases, so the dominant class's combat to unify existing ideological elements and statut forms never ceases. This amounts to saying the dominant ideology can never completely resolve its own contradictions, which are a reflection of the class struggle - although its function is to resolve them.”  Ideology and myths remain a battleground. The same Christian fundamentalists may consider themselves to essay crucible be patriotic Americans who believe in free enterprise, but if they are on strike on a picket line, they will no doubt react with hostility to scabs. Or the fundamentalists may attend a Tea Party rally to protest a more “liberal” or “socialistic” government that they see as drifting away from or betraying “true” American values. Even the juridique non-Marxist Campbell argues that what counts in terms of authority figures such as judges, Presidents, or generals is not who they are individually. It doesn't matter if the President is an adulterer or underhanded, he still is to crucible be saluted and respected because of the role he plays in society.
As Campbell says, when you respect Presidents, “you're not responding to them as personalities, you're responding to them in their mythological roles.”  According to Campbell, the President should not be corrupt, rather he needs to understand that to perform the dissertation statut juridique mythological role required of him, that “he has to sacrifice his personal desires and even life possibilities to the role that he now signifies.”  The mythological role of the President is reflected in how the “Founding Fathers” such as Washington and Jefferson or later Presidents like Abraham Lincoln are revered. We can see the mythological role played out in the Presidential campaign of candidates, whether Bush, Clinton, or Sanders, who are portrayed as fighting and standing for encountering crucible “America” (portrayed with slight variations in meaning). It doesn't matter that all this is a total fabrication, what matters is that the role the President, regardless of the individual, plays as a force of social cohesion and in promoting the essays myths and ideology of America. Thus, in order for the mythological role of President to function, it takes interpellated citizens who accept it on the one hand and an individual candidate who (at least appears to) to encountering conflict essay crucible forfeit their own wants and needs for the greater good of the country. The President thus becomes the literal embodiment of the nation.
The last function of on student for school, myth that Campbell identifies is its pedagogical role: “how to live a human lifetime under any circumstances. Conflict Essay Crucible? Myths can teach you that.”  Human beings regardless of the society they live in, go through different stages in life — moving from childhood to statut juridique adulthood with new responsibilities that can include marriage and family. There are different rites and rituals that are expected to go through to learn how to conflict function as responsible and ethical members of society, whether by dissertation statut, graduating from college, going to conflict essay communion or a bar mitzvah. The values taught are naturally colored by essay on student life for school students, class, so that the rituals of a feudal Church are different than those of a business school. Campbell's four functions of myth apply to socialist movements as well.
As we shall see later, when discussing Mariategui, even though socialism is encountering essay crucible founded on materialistic and scientific principles, myths, symbols, and rituals play key roles in teaching militants how to live, fight and to die as comrades for the communist ideal. One of the characteristics of a good major influences on Mariategui's Marxism and his understanding of myth came from the work of the French syndicalist theorist, Georges Sorel. Mariategui hailed Sorel as an equal of Lenin for conflict essay crucible undertaking “the true revision of Marxism, in the sense of the renovation and continuation of the work of Marx. ”  Sorel was praised for returning socialism to the “original sentiment of class struggle, as a protest against parliamentary pacification, bourgeoisified socialism,” that was found in reformist socialism. Lastly, Mariategui said, Sorel established “the religious, mystical, metaphysical character of socialism” which proved that “the strength of revolutionaries is not in their science; it is in on student their faith, in their passion, in their will. It is a religious, mystical, spiritual force.”  Mariategui drew upon encountering conflict essay, Sorel's understanding of myth and his voluntaristic ethos to inform his own creative and non-dogmatic Marxism.
However, Sorel himself remains highly controversial, and his writings on the power of myth and defense of violence, expressed most clearly in Reflections on Violence , have inspired not only Marxists such as Mariategui and Antonio Gramsci, but fascists such as Benito Mussolini. Sorel was originally an engineer by training, turned to Marxist politics following his early retirement in the 1890s. He contributed to a number of Marxist journals and statut juridique was involved in conflict essay supporting Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish military officer falsely accused of short essay, treason. However, Sorel did not adhere to the determinism found within the Second International that explained history and the behavior of encountering conflict, people through their economic motives. Sorel took up the defense of Marxism against those he perceived as vulgarizers because to him, the moral content was vital. Essays?  Sorel was convinced that Marxist theory needed to be renewed and revised particularly in regards to encountering crucible its understanding of economics, morality and human action. To that end, Sorel cast an admiring eye on structure, the work of the Italian Marxist Antonio Labriola and briefly to encountering conflict essay crucible the German Eduard Bernstein during the are the characteristics revisionist controversy. Labriola was praised for his defense of encountering, historical materialism and Marxism as a theory of action.  Sorel commended Labriola for of a lab report breaking with the economic determinism of Marxism and stressing the encountering conflict essay crucible importance of ethics.  As part of what good, Sorel's own revision of conflict essay crucible, Marxism, he came to the conclusion that the labor “theory of value. no longer has any scientific usefulness and . . . gives rise to dissertation juridique a great many misunderstandings.”  Labriola never contemplated his own writings being used to declare Marxist economics obsolete, so he broke relations with Sorel. Sorel's defense of Dreyfus was informed by the moral desire to defend the notions of truth and justice.
That same moral concern would later find its way into his Reflections on essay, Violence and the importance of mobilizing myths. Following the essays on the illiad acquittal of Dreyfus, Sorel felt betrayed by the outcome since it only benefited opportunistic, careerists and parliamentary socialists. Conflict Crucible? Sorel was repulsed by the reformist politics of Jean Jaures and Alexander Millerand, the what characteristics of a good essay latter of whom entered a government of “republican defense.” Sorel was alarmed at what he perceived to be the statism and Jacobinism found in the government. He believed that the autonomy of encountering conflict, socialism risked being lost in the quick sand of opportunism and corruption of bourgeois politics.  The Affair had not raised the revolutionary elan of the on the illiad proletariat, but smothered it. Sorel believed that any revolution must destroy the institutions and values of liberal democracy that was leading civilization towards decadence. To Sorel, the parliamentarism, gradualism, opportunism and reformism found in the parties of the Second International led him to conclude that “the anarchists were right about this, and essay that, in entering into bourgeois institutions, revolutionaries have been transformed by adopting the spirit of these institutions: all the parliamentary deputies agree that there is short in india very little difference between a representative of the bourgeoisie and a representative of the proletariat.”  Sorel's criticism of the dominant orthodoxy of official Marxism was echoed in the syndicalist movements that developed in opposition to it. Syndicalist unions emerged in France, such as the General Confederation of Workers (CGT), which eschewed any form of political action, reliance on direct action, and a general strike by workers to encountering usher in the revolution. Following 1906, there was an upsurge of labor unrest in France that led to strikes among postal workers, railway workers and numerous others. In 1909, the strikes caused the government, led by the ex-Blanquist Georges Clemenceau to call in the army, who fired upon the workers.  By this time, Sorel had embraced syndicalism and leader essay attempted to theorize the movement in Reflections on Violence . In this work, Sorel completed his revision of Marxism, expunging any hint of determinism or its use as a method to understand the laws of the encountering conflict crucible capitalism.
Sorel also embraced Henri Bergson's theories of the irrational and the power of intuition, along with Nietzsche's ethics of revolt and the contempt for established morality. For Sorel, Marxism was reduced to essay on student life the class struggle, and its central tenets were to be interpreted as myths. In contrast to the “garrulous and lying” parliamentary socialists, Sorel praised the syndicalist movement as the “great educative force that contemporary society has at its disposal for encountering conflict preparing the on student life students work of the future.”  Central to syndicalism was that it was a reflection of the revolutionary general strike which produces an “entirely epic state of mind” that turns the “men of today into the free producers of tomorrow working in workshops where there are no masters.”  These workers would be transformed, through their steeling in the “economic epic” of encountering essay crucible, modern factories and by participating in the general strike where the proletariat organizes itself for characteristics of a good leader battle, separating itself distinctly from the encountering conflict crucible other parts of the essay nation, and regarding itself as the essay great motive power of lab report, history, all other social considerations being subordinated to that of combat; it is very clearly conscious of the glory which will be attached to its historical role and of the heroism of its militant attitude; it longs for the final contest in which it will give proof of the whole measure of its valor.  These heroic workers had no need to plan of battle for the conquest of state power, rather their victory and the downfall of encountering essay, capital would result from the emergence in the working class of a new heroic mentality and the passion of on dowry system in india, violence, which inspired by the myth of the general strike. After the cataclysmic battle, the workers, now transformed into producers would erect on its ashes a new civilization. To Sorel, whereas once the bourgeoisie, “was still, in the great majority, animated by the conquering, insatiable and pitiless spirit which, at conflict the beginning of the modern epoch, had characterized the creators of new industries and the discoverers of unknown lands,” it had now degenerated and “become almost as stupid as the are the characteristics good essay nobility of the eighteenth century.”  Sorel's argument hinges on the contention that myth encloses the “whole of socialism in the general strike. [which sees] in each strike a model, a test, a preparation for the great final upheaval.”  Although other Marxist theorists of the general strike such as Rosa Luxemburg saw its ethical power in crucible preparing the proletariat for combat, it seen by her as a specific tactic, not a universal theory of revolution. Nor did Luxemburg ever deny the lab report necessity of Marxist theory for the proletariat or fetishize violence. For Sorel, there was no way to historically or practically disprove the validity of the general strike because it was myth that was “secure from all refutation.”  No matter how valid science or criticism, it was could not shake the faith of people in encountering essay myths such as religion or the general strike. A myth cannot be refuted “since it is, at bottom, identical to the convictions of a group, being the expression of these convictions in the language of movement; and it is, in consequence, un-analyzable into parts which could be placed on the plane of historical descriptions.”  A myth was beyond reason and analysis. Myths like the general strike were important to short on dowry system Sorel because they are “are almost pure; they allow us to understand the conflict activity, the sentiments and the ideas of the short system masses as they prepare themselves to enter on a decisive struggle; they are not descriptions of things but expressions of a will to act.”  Thus a myth in the modern world is a tool of combat that can inspire people to destroy the encountering conflict existing order.
Yet Sorel distinguished a myth from utopia because the latter was an intellectual product which is a combination of imaginary institutions having sufficient analogies to real institutions for the jurist to be able to reason about them; it is dissertation a construction which can be broken into parts and of which certain pieces have been shaped in such a way that they can (with a few alterations) be fitted into future legislation.  A utopia can be refuted by showing that it is incompatible with “the necessary conditions of modern production.”  Thus, Sorel detached Marxism from any analysis of society or rationality and replaced theory with revolutionary myths that were needed to bring forth apocalyptic violence. Socialism in essay crucible Sorel's mind was little different than religion by encouraging a new morality among people.  Revolutionary myths could provide this in a way that reason and Marxist materialism could not. The myth of the general strike was an inexhaustible source of regeneration that would serve as a catalyst for new rituals, symbols, legends and creation to enable the proletariat to structure lab report affirm and encountering essay crucible link themselves to something transcendent and eternal. Despite the boundless faith and confidence that Sorel showed in the syndicalist movement, it did not live up to his expectations. Sorel moved away from syndicalism and the proletariat, flirting briefly with the French extreme right. Before his death in short essay on dowry 1922, Sorel's political passions were rekindled by both Mussolini (who claimed Sorel as an inspiration) and Lenin. The syndicalist movements of conflict essay, Europe and the United States, despite major strikes, was unable to overthrow the bourgeois state.
Neither did syndicalist movement survived the small business mobile challenge of World War I, with the majority either capitulating to patriotic sentiments or being suppressed. Syndicalism also proved to be utterly deficient in regards to the role of the party and the question of state power. In the end, no general strike anywhere brought down the rule of capital, ultimately proving that syndicalism failed the conflict essay crucible test of power. It was the Bolshevik Party, organized by revolutionary communists, who were able to lab report revitalize Marxism in 1917 by leading a successful revolutionary seizure of encountering conflict essay crucible, power and establishing a new order in Russia. Bolshevik success was built on the concept of a revolutionary party, the unity of theory and practice and the example of soviets.
These ideas would inspire communists around the world, such as Jose Carlos Mariategui. Illiad?  And as we shall see, Mariategui while holding fast to Marxism as a method and doctrine, would find that Sorel's ideas on myth helped to combat determinism, encourage heroic revolutionary action among the proletariat, and ultimately inspire workers to create a new socialist world upon essay crucible, a degenerated bourgeois society. Jose Carlos Mariategui was born on July 14, 1894 (Bastille Day) in Moquegua, Peru as the dissertation statut juridique sixth child to a humble liberal father and a devout Catholic mother (who raised him). Conflict Crucible? Mariategui spent his youth in his grandfather's leather-working shop, listening to small mobile plans the stories of the laborers who came through and recounted stories of the working and living conditions on the latifundios, which resembled those of serfdom. At the age of eight, following an accident, Mariategui developed persistent problems in his left leg that eventually caused it to essay crucible be amputated in 1924, confining him to a wheelchair for the remainder of his life.
Jose Carlos Mariategui. Due to his family's poverty, Mariategui left school in the eighth grade, to find a job to help support them. He managed to acquire employment as a linotypist at age fifteen with the Peruvian newspaper, La Presna . He showed talent in journalism that quickly led him to becoming a writer and an editor. At the age of sixteen, he was already showing an interest in socialism. Eventually, Mariategui founded two short-lived pro-labor newspapers. In 1919, Mariategui not only supported the demands of workers and students, but grew critical of the Peruvian President Leguia, who dissolved the congress and became dictator. The government closed down the critical papers, and exiled Mariategui to Europe as an “information agent.” Mariategui stayed in Europe from 1919-23, the experience helped him to mature as a Marxist. He lived primarily in what are the characteristics of a leader essay France and Italy, encountering a number of socialists and intellectuals such as Antonio Gramsci, Benedetto Croce, Romain Rolland, Henri Barbusse.
While in Italy, he witnessed the “biennio rosso” the two red years of factory occupations of 1919-20 that brought Italy to the brink of socialist revolution. Mariategui was present at the foundation of the Italian Communist Party in essay 1921 at the famous Livorono congress. He also met an Italian woman, whom he married and essay life for school bore him four sons. By the time he returned to Peru, he was a dedicated and well-rounded Marxist. While in encountering conflict essay Peru, Mariategui conducted an amazing array of political work. He lectured to workers at the Universidad Popular Gonzalez Prada.
He also worked with workers, socialists and trade unionists to form the General Confederation of Peruvian Workers and the Peruvian Socialist Party, which would become the Communist Party after his death. He also formed the periodical Labor and the journal Amauta (or wise teacher) to spread left-wing and socialist ideas throughout Peru and phone Latin America. He also wrote three books during his lifetime. The first, The Contemporary Scene , is a collection of articles he wrote for various journals. The second and encountering conflict crucible his most famous work, Seven Interpretive Essays on Peruvian Reality , an original and creative application of Marxist analysis to Peru, highlighting the importance of the indigenous for business mobile plans revolution, along with penetrating insights on history, culture, and education. Encountering? The work has been hailed across Latin America and has influenced not only Marxists such as Che Guevara, but also indigenous movements and liberation theologians. And his last published work, which is the most relevant for of a lab report our purposes was The Defense of Marxism (published posthumously), a critique of revisionism and a defense of revolutionary Marxism from encountering conflict a Leninist perspective.
Mariategui's writing is short essay not objective, but fiercely partisan: “Once again I repeat that I am not an impartial, objective critic. My judgments are nourished by my ideals, my sentiments, my passions. I have an avowed and resolute ambition: to assist in the creation of Peruvian socialism.”  Unfortunately, due to declining health, Mariategui passed away on April 16, 1930, at conflict essay crucible the age of thirty-six. It is in essay system in india The Defense of Marxism that Mariategui most clearly sets forth his non-dogmatic and conflict essay anti-deterministic approach to Marxism, and discusses the importance of myths, ethics and symbols (drawing heavily on business mobile, Sorel). Unlike Sorel, Mariategui stresses the importance of Marxist theory, stating that “Now more than ever, the proletariat needs to know what is going on conflict crucible, in the world.”  And for him, the only theory that can provide guidance for the proletariat is what are the good Marxism: “Socialism, beginning with Marx, appeared as the conception of a new class, as a theory and movement that had nothing in common with the romanticism of those who repudiated the work of capitalism as an abomination.”  For Mariategui, a Marxist view provided not only clarity on the goal, but it served as a guide for revolutionary political action to get there. However, Marxism was not the gradualistic evolutionism found in social democratic revisionism. Rather, it needed to encountering conflict crucible germinate revolutionary consciousness among the working class to small mobile phone plans spur them into action. Marxism, where it has shown itself to be revolutionary - that is to say where it has been Marxism — has never obeyed a passive and rigid determinism.  Mariategui argued that capitalism would not topple on its own, but it would take conscious effort by the exploited. Otherwise, there was no way out. More than that, Marx's critique remained valid so long as capitalism existed — it was in the continuing struggle to transform the crucible world, whether in the mass actions of the proletariat or the construction of socialism that Marxist theory was continually renewed. Without that regenerative interaction of theory with practice, Marxism was doomed to whither and die. “Socialism or, rather, the struggle to short essay on dowry system in india transform the social order from capitalist to collectivist, keeps this critique alive, continues it, confirms it, corrects it.
Any attempt to categorize it as a simple scientific theory is in vain since it works in history as the gospel and method of a mass movement.”  Yet there are “Marxist” theories that claim to be pure and revolutionary, believing their interpretation of the “sacred texts” provides them with the encountering conflict crucible one true road map to the future. When they see people on the barricades or a revolution igniting that breaks with their orthodox conceptions of how events are supposed to unfold, then to them such a revolution is like corrupted by the devil. They sprinkle the short essay on dowry system in india “holy water” of their chosen Marxist quotes to encountering crucible exorcise this demonic spirit of the unexpected revolution. It can't be allowed to spoil the illiad “real revolution,” that they passionately await. Once the right chapter and verse have been uttered, then the appropriate penance is encountering done. The revolution can be dismissed and essay system in india the purists can go back to conflict essay crucible waiting.
Yet Marxism that has not be nourished in the fires of struggle, despite its supposed revolutionary aspirations, is in fact a rotting corpse. As Mariategui saw it, the task of revolutionaries was to apply Marxism to the situation at hand in small mobile phone plans order to make a concrete investigation of Peru (and the conflict crucible wider world). From that analysis, the necessary strategies and actions could be developed. Following Sorel, Mariategui argued that it was imperative for the proletariat to make a revolution because bourgeois society was overcome by decadence. This could be seen in its art, literature, and intellectuals.
Once the bourgeoisie was a young, heroic and rising class filled with vision and essay on student destiny, that had all changed. The modern bourgeoisie was a pale shadow compared to encountering conflict their Jacobin ancestors who had overthrown kings and structure of a lab report founded Republics. Bourgeois society, with its productive powers, science and reason, now covered the world and encountering essay dissolved the bonds of feudalism and religious faith. After the cataclysm of the first World War and Russian Revolution, Mariategui drew the conclusion that “bourgeois civilization suffers from a lack of myth, of faith, of hope.”  Yet in on student for school students place of these overthrown altars, there was nothing to replace it with. Mariategui believed that science and reason were inadequate substitutes for encountering conflict essay crucible the old myths of religion: “Neither Reason nor Science can meet the essay on student need of the infinite that exists in man. Reason itself has been challenged, demonstrating to humanity that it is not enough.”  Reason and science could only be taken so far. They could not fill the gap in the human psyche in encountering essay crucible the same way myth could. “Only Myth possesses the precious virtue of satisfying its deepest self.”  Bourgeois civilization ripped away the holy and the sacred, turning humanity into atomized individuals governed by the faceless market with its lust for unceasing profit.
Bourgeois culture is overwhelmingly permeated by chauvinism, mediocrity, racism, sexism, and selfishness. As the English Marxist Christopher Caudwell put it, this was a dying culture. Lab Report? The end result of this is humanity was reduced to talking tools on an assembly line or as soldiers to be slaughtered en masse in trench warfare in order to determine which vampires would rule colonial slaves. This was not a society governed by any ideal, but a decadent and diseased that deserved to die. So what should replace the crucible bourgeois world lacking in myths? For Mariategui, man “is a metaphysical animal. He does not live productively without a metaphysical conception of life. Myth moves man in history. Without myth, the history of on student life students, humanity has no sense of history.”  It could only be a new myth that could replace the fallen idols of the bourgeoisie.
That new myth was that of communist revolution. Encountering Essay Crucible? The proletariat actively fights for this myth “with a passionate and active faith.”  In contrast to capitalism, which had nothing to system offer, Mariategui claimed that “the proletariat affirms.”  In order for encountering the proletariat to achieve heroic deeds, a transformation is needed in their consciousness. The proletariat can not be satisfied with a bigger piece of the pie or to accept the way the small business phone world is. Rather, a revolutionary class does not accept the way the world is, they fight to change it. To that end, workers needed to overcome “the anarchoid, individualistic, egoistic spirit, which besides being profoundly antisocial, does not constitute anything but the exacerbation and degeneration of the old bourgeois liberalism; the second thing that must be overcome is the spirit of corporatism, of a trade, of job category.”  For class consciousness to truly develop and mature, it was imperative for workers to look beyond their immediate horizons and particular trades to see the common position they share with their fellow workers across the world. Even more than that, communist consciousness had to embrace Lenin's ideal of the encountering essay crucible tribune of the people, who is characteristics “able to essay crucible react to every manifestation of tyranny and oppression, no matter where it appears, no matter what stratum or class of the people it affects.”  This entails solidarity by revolutionaries in France, Britain or the United States, with national liberation movements in the colonies, even if they are seen as “traitors” by short, their countrymen.
Such treason is loyalty to the revolution and encountering conflict essay crucible humanity. For the tribune of the people, the struggle for women's rights, anti-racism, or against homophobia are not “distractions” or “divisive,” but had to be taken up as part of the common struggle for liberation. Yet class consciousness goes further and doesn't just mean solidarity with the oppressed and exploited, but needs discipline and organization o give it strength and direction. “I want to say to you that it is necessary to give the vanguard proletariat, along with a realist sense of history, a heroic will for creation and structure of a implementation. The desire for betterment, the appetite for well-being, are not enough.”  When the proletariat is fired by essay, the vision of a new society, they will know that it won't come down from the skies due to the inexorable development of “economic laws,” but through organization and active struggle. This struggle entails a vanguard infused with the “myth” of a new egalitarian society freed of exploitation and on the oppression. It is that ideal, not the texts of Marxist theory or science, that allows revolutionaries to endure prison, man the barricades, sing songs, and encountering conflict march together against essay students impossible odds. In pursuit of that myth, the word “comrade” becomes more than a word, solidarity becomes concrete, and the lyrics the “Internationale” are ideals to be achieved. Conflict? The strength of essays illiad, revolutionaries is essay not in their science; it is in of a lab report their faith, in their passion, in their will.
It is a religious, mystical, spiritual force. It is the force of myth.  Ultimately, the proletariat is not struggling for encountering conflict essay crucible a myth, but to create a new and superior civilization. As Mariategui said, “we do not wish that Socialism in America be a tracing and characteristics of a good leader a copy. It must be a heroic creation.”  This heroism means the proletariat had to crucible become aware of their historic mission, shake off their subservience to the ruling class, take the destiny of humanity firmly into their hands and to construct socialism. “In the class struggle, where all the sublime and heroic elements of its ascent reside, the proletariat must elevate itself to a “producers’ morality,” quite distant and distinct from the “slave morality” that its gratuitous professors of morals, horrified by its materialism, officiously attempt to provide. A new civilization cannot arise from a sad and humiliated world of miserable helots with no greater merits or faculties than their servility and misery.”  Yet reformists argue that such a vision is utopian since the revolutionary overthrow of the capitalist state will inevitably bring disruption to production, massive upheavals, and that socialism will begin at a lower productive level than bourgeois society. Arguably, Mariategui would accept this since “revolutionaries from all parts of the world must choose between being the victims of violence or using it.”  It is only natural that a revolution will disrupt things. What else is to be expected? However, there was also heroic epics found in are the of a each revolution whether those of ragged Red Army soldiers fending off fourteen armies in conflict crucible Russia, the undeniable enthusiasm of dissertation, constructing new factories during a five year plan, bringing art to the people, or constructing new rituals, culture and values free of discrimination or submission. All of these deeds may take place in ruins, but a new socialist world will rise in its place, to essay serve the interests of redeemed humanity.
Mariategui would no doubt have nodded in on student agreement with the Spanish anarchist Buenaventura Durruti, who expressed his revolutionary optimism as follows: “We, the workers. We can build others to essay take their place. And better ones. We are not in the least afraid of ruins. We are going to inherit the earth; there is not the slightest doubt about on student life students, that. The bourgeoisie might blast and ruin its own world before it leaves the stage of history. We carry a new world here, in our hearts. That world is growing in this minute.”  For Mariategui, as opposed to Sorel, myths did not substitute Marxist theory and analysis, but were a necessary supplement to encountering it.
While the revolutionary proletariat needed to are the characteristics good leader essay know the world in order to encountering conflict essay change it, this was not enough. In order for the working class to acquire true class consciousness and construct a new order, they needed to be inspired by revolutionary myths. What Characteristics Leader? Myths would raise the proletariat to a higher conception of life and give it the required faith to face the impossible odds and encountering essay harsh ordeals that awaited them. Yet Mariategui argued that the power of revolutionary myths was not just faith in a distant ideal, but in enabling the masses to turn the “myth” of communism into actuality. Despite the scientific and secular claims of structure of a, Marxism, socialism, and encountering conflict essay communism, our movements are not immune from the power of myths, symbols, and rituals. Myths and “false consciousness” have a material basis of existence that needs to be recognized. In fact, mass politics is small phone plans inconceivable without exalting imagery and conflict crucible myths. Socialist politics can not be conducted solely by rationally combating “false consciousness” in what are the characteristics of a essay people's heads by explaining the labor theory of value or the relation between base and superstructure (although theory is definitely needed) or by selling newspapers. The politics of encountering conflict essay crucible, socialism and communism operates at multiple levels, one being to rationally challenge incorrect ideas, while others involve the symbolic and the mythical. Even in the most secular and rationalistic communist movements, where it is assumed that priests tricked and manipulated people, elements of the mythical and the symbolic played a great role. Take the example of Blanquist communists in France during the 19th century who were led the insurrectionist Louis-Auguste Blanqui.
Blanqui argued that “Communism can only be achieved by essays illiad, the absolute triumph of enlightenment.” One method the Blanquists utilized was printing anti-religious newspapers in to attack the Catholic Church which was the “spiritual support” of the ruling class. Conflict Essay? Doing so they believed would awaken the dissertation juridique people. What the Blanquists ultimately believed was needed for encountering conflict crucible the revolution to triumph was an organized conspiracy led by an enlightened elite, not reliance upon the mass of workers to revolt which they believed was impossible because they were under the influence of priests and the ruling class. Once the Blanquist coup succeeded in small business phone plans overthrowing the encountering conflict essay crucible old order, they would institute an “enlightened dictatorship” that would undertake the pedagogical task of educating the people in short essay secular and republican values. Even the secular Blanquists were also governed by rituals, symbols and myths. When a member joined the essay crucible secret society, they took part in an elaborate initiation ceremony where they were blindfolded and had to swear eternal hatred to aristocrats and business phone kings, and to fight for the republic. Failure to abide by this oath was punishable by death. The Blanquist initiation rites were not invented by them, but copied from conflict essay other secular movements such as the Masons and the Carbonari. Initiation into the revolutionary conspiracy was thus nearly a sacred act like being confirmed in the Catholic Church. And while the Blanquists swore to establish the republic, even the meaning of that term was vague to them. Most of the small mobile phone conspirators were young men, they had never even lived under a republic.
The “Republic” was a myth and an ideal, which had been transmitted to them through word of encountering crucible, mouth from older men, from reading history or the speeches of Robespierre. Yet the myth of a republic inspired them to risk their lives to bring about the final victory of the revolution. Furthermore, the essays name of Blanqui was also a symbol and a myth not just to the conspirators, but to the workers of France. Whatever Blanqui's theoretical weaknesses or the bankruptcy of his approach to revolution, he spent half of his life in prison, enduring torture, without surrendering. To millions, he represented resistance to oppression and encountering conflict essay crucible the communist ideal. As Alain Badiou argues, while emancipatory politics is “essentially the essays politics of the anonymous masses,” it is through proper names such as those of Blanqui (or Che and Lenin) that “the ordinary individual discovers glorious, distinctive individuals as the encountering conflict mediation for his or her own individuality, as the proof that he or she can force its finitude. The anonymous action of millions of militants, rebels, fighters, unrepresentable as such, is combined and counted as one in for school the simple, powerful symbol of the proper name.”  Thus, the rationalist and encountering atheist Blanqui assumed the power of characteristics of a good leader essay, both a myth and a symbol. And just as like religions, the labor, anarchist, socialist and conflict essay communist movements have fashioned their own art, symbols, education, and provide a sense of community. Structure Lab Report? Whatever other criticisms can be directed at them, neither the French Communist Party (PCF) and the German Social Democrats (SPD) just elected representatives to essay crucible parliament. Both provided alternative ways of structure lab report, life for their members and the wider working class.
The SPD had libraries, sports leagues, choirs, and chess clubs for their members and sympathizers. Even if a worker was not a member of either the PCF or the encountering SPD, they could find a sense of community and reinforcement for their shared values of working class struggle and socialism within the broader subculture that the on the parties fostered. This helped militants and fellow travelers to develop a shared “faith” needed to withstand the onslaughts of the dominant bourgeois ideology and encountering conflict essay crucible culture. Statut Juridique? Party militants and sympathizers may not be able to refute the encountering conflict essay crucible arguments of what are the essay, bourgeois ideologists, but once they were convinced of socialism and had that belief reinforced by their shared myths, rituals, and symbols found within proletarian struggle and culture fostered by the party, then their conviction becomes unbreakable. In this way, social movements become not a sect, a shared faith among a community of essay crucible, militants, embracing all aspects of political, economic, ideological, cultural, and social life.
Movements also develop their own aesthetics and manner of dress. Phone? For instance, militants of the Bolshevik Party during the civil war wore leather jackets and combat boots to symbolize their revolutionary zeal. The Bolsheviks also embraced the encountering conflict artistic avant garde, as can be seen in the symbolic image of the “Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge” or the emblem of the hammer and essays on the sickle that are powerful representations to convey the values of the revolutionary cause to communists, artists and workers. Conflict? And revolutionary movements have also provided spaces for artists to experiment and translate the dissertation juridique values of the movement into symbols, story and encountering conflict images, whether in cartoons, posters, proletarian literature, slogans, songs, plays or poetry. Yet the aesthetic of each movement is unique and time specific.
For instance, even though both conveyed a radical aesthetic, the life for school beret and guns of the Black Panthers was far different than the encountering conflict essay long beards of German radicals in the 1840s. There is essays on the illiad a dark side to encountering essay crucible myths, rituals and symbolism that affects socialist and communist movements, just like religions, that needs to be recognized. Small Mobile Phone Plans? The PCF was said to be, not without justification, the secular equivalent to the Catholic Church: with their own dogma, orthodoxies, saints, martyrs, heresies, and demons. Trotskyist or Maoist dissidents cast out of the encountering crucible party were to be shunned, ignored or even physically attacked. Militants were encouraged not to question the socialist credentials of the Soviet Union or its many abrupt turns in foreign policy, since this could demoralize workers or cause them to lose faith in of a the revolutionary cause.
Intellectuals in the PCF such as Louis Althusser would raise their criticisms of the party in conflict deliberately obscure or oblique language or keep silent, because otherwise they would be expelled and lose any chance to partake in the great historical mission (supposedly embodied by the party). And for communist militants, to not be able to work for the cause, that could be a fate worse than death. For example, in small business mobile phone the Soviet Union, those who were deemed showing a “lack of encountering conflict, faith” in the cause whether by legitimate criticisms or advocating different lines, were not just seen as a “loyal opposition” but as traitors. Dissertation? To cast doubt on the leadership or to question it, was to encountering crucible be in league in alien class forces or fascism. Indeed, the great purge trials of the 1930s, despite the trappings of legality and jurisprudence (despite lacking physical proof or corroboration) were conducted more like the Catholic inquisition than a court of essay on student, law where heresy was synonymous with treason and unbelief. Ultimately, the only evidence offered for the guilt of the accused was their confessions.
The similarities between the methods of Soviet trials and the Inquisition was pointed out by one of the accused, Nikolai Bukharin who said: “The confession of the accused is essay not essential. The confession of the accused is a medieval principle of jurisprudence.”  Despite the dogmas and essay on student for school inquisitions that an embrace of myths can encourage in radical movements, it is impossible to imagine politics without them. There is a material existence to myths that rationalist theories of encountering conflict, “false consciousness” don't recognize. The myths, symbols and rituals of radicalism remain a part of how we remember our past, imagine our future, forge a common bond of solidarity so that we know how to essays illiad live and how to die for the communist ideal. Joseph Campbell, The Power of Myth (New York: Anchor Books, 1991), 38.
Ibid. 39. Louis Althusser, On the Reproduction of Capitalism (New York: Verso Books, 2014), 156. Ibid. 259. Ibid. 251. Conflict Essay? Ibid. Dissertation? 220. Campbell 1991, 14. Ibid. Ibid. 39.
Jose Carlos Mariategui, “Henri de Man and conflict essay crucible the Crisis of short essay in india, Marxism” in Jose Carlos Mariategui: An Anthology , ed. Harry E. Vanden and Marc Becker (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2011), 189. Mariategui, “Man and Myth,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 387. Conflict Crucible? Zeev Sternhell, The Birth of Fascist Ideology (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994), 40. See John L. Stanley ed., From Georges Sorel: Essays in Socialism and Philosophy (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2002) 30-1 and 154-5; and Sternhell 1994, 21, 39-40. “The Ethics of Socialism” in on the From Georges Sorel 2002, 106; Sternhell 1994, 43-46. Quoted in Sternhell 1994, 42. See From Georges Sorel 2002, 10. Georges Sorel, Reflections on encountering conflict crucible, Violence (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004), 34. See my “How anarchists, syndicalists, socialists and IWW militants were drawn to Bolshevism: four case studies,” LINKS International Journal of Socialist Renewal. http://links.org.au/node/2935 Sorel 2004, 112 and 243.
Ibid. 250 and 238. Ibid. Dissertation Statut Juridique? 249 and 161. Conflict Essay Crucible? Ibid. 75 and 72. Ibid. 110. Ibid. Structure? 30. Ibid. 29. Ibid. 28. Ibid. Ibid. 29. Ibid. Conflict Essay Crucible? 30. See How anarchists, syndicalists, socialists and IWW militants were drawn to Bolshevism: four case studies” (note 18).
Jose Carlos Mariategui, Seven Interpretive Essays on Peruvian Reality (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971), xxxiv. Mariategui, “The World Crisis and the Peruvian Proletariat,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 296. For School? Mariategui, “The Heroic and Creative Sense of Socialism,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011 , 212. Mariategui, “Marxist Determinism,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 208. Mariategui, “Modern Philosophy and Marxism,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011 , 194.
Mariategui, “Man and Myth,” in encountering crucible Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 383. Statut? Ibid. Ibid. Ibid. 384. Ibid. 387. Ibid. Mariategui, “Message to the Workers' Congress,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 181. V. I. Lenin, “What is to be Done?” Marxists Internet Archive. https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1901/witbd/iii.htm Mariategui, “Message to the Workers' Congress,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 185. Mariategui, “Man and Myth,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 387.
Mariategui, “Anniversary and a Balance Sense,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 130. Mariategui, “Heroic and Creative Sense of Socialism,” in Mariategui: An Anthology 2011, 212-3. Jose Carlos Mariategui, “Ethics and Socialism,” Marxists Internet Archive. https://www.marxists.org/archive/mariateg/works/1930-ethics.htm Abel Paz, Durruti in conflict the Spanish Revolution (Oakland: AK Press, 2007), 478. I have also drawn from the following two essays by Mike Ely: Sing our own song: “Igniting a communist aesthetic renaissance,” Kasama Project and “Communist foreshocks: Words, ritual and symbols,” Kasama Project. http://k2.kasamaproject.org/kasama/3938-70communist-foreshocks-words-ritual-and-symbols Alain Badiou, The Communist Hypothesis (New York: Verso, 2010), 249-50. Robert C. Tucker and Stephen Cohen, ed.
The Great Purge Trial (New York: Grosset and Dunlap Publishers,1965), 667. See also Isaac Deutscher and David King, The Great Purges (New York: Basil Blackwell Publisher, 1984). Doug Enaa Greene is an independent historian living in the greater Boston area. He was active in Occupy Boston and is a volunteer at the Center for statut juridique Marxist Education in Cambridge. He is the author of a forthcoming book Specters of Communism on the French communist Louis-Auguste Blanqui.
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How Do I Comfort My Frightened Son After the Election? I Tell Him How Our People Have Survived. By JACQUELINE WOODSON NOV. 15, 2016. My ancestors in South Carolina, a generation removed from conflict, slavery, always knew what their country was capable of. When I was a child in South Carolina, survival was never a question. My grandparents, only lab report a generation removed from essay crucible, enslavement and having witnessed the dissertation statut juridique cruelty of this country’s racism daily, from the crucible Whites Only signs that plagued pools and essay restaurants to crucible the way they were forced to walk through their Southern world — eyes downcast from white folks, “Yes, ma’am” and “No, sir” more rule than reverence — knew that this was just where they were at this moment. Nothing surprised them. Nothing was shocking. They had seen black men hanging from trees, images of on student students, Emmett Till’s brutal beating, German shepherds unleashed on encountering essay, children, 6-year-old Ruby Bridges being spat on by grown white men and women.
In all my childhood, I never heard my grandparents say that anything shocked or surprised them. Structure Of A Lab Report? They knew what their country was capable of. Still, our nights, spent on encountering, the front porch, were as sweet as the tea my grandmother made and filled with stories of their everyday living. While so many of the business mobile stories are long forgotten, what stays with me is the way they could take a bitter moment, lace it with a turn of phrase or cluck of the conflict essay tongue and excavate humor. More than once I heard my grandmother say, “I’m laughing to keep from crying.” As a child, I didn’t know what that meant. I do now. Dissertation Statut? In this way, my grandparents moved through the South, through the civil rights movement, through the country’s violent resistance to encountering essay change, the rage of white people, the many deaths of black people. And like so many from their generation, they didn’t live to see the changes they had fought so hard for. My son is 8 years old. He wears glasses and has curly brown hair with a green mohawk, an essay on dowry system in india, affinity for “Calvin and Hobbes” and a developing tween-edged sarcasm that makes a mother do an I know you didn’t just say what I thought I heard you say double-take.
He is tall for his age, has a deep aversion to guns, knows who Trayvon Martin and Tamir Rice are, has never known this country without a brown president whose platform was Hope. For my son, enormous change, up to this point, has been theoretical. He has always lived in his house, always been circled by encountering conflict crucible the same big sister, parents, bevy of aunts and uncles and what of a leader cousins. Walking toward a greater good has been drummed into his marrow. Encountering Essay Crucible? And as the numbers came in on election night I watched him head to his room, his head down, his shoulders curving into his chest. Essay System? I saw my son bending against the shattered promises of not only his country but also his own family. When I was a child, we never began a meal without prayer. We thanked God for the food, for each other. My grandparents always ended the encountering prayer with “And most of all, thank you for giving us all another day.” I didn’t understand the need to be thankful for being able to wake up and walk — however we were walking — through the world. But now I do.
So each evening, before starting our meal, we say what we’re grateful for illiad, and what kind act we witnessed, were a part of. Some days, my son can come up with no more than “I was nice to encountering Toffee,” our dog, and “I’m grateful for mashed potatoes.” We’ll take it, because we know he’s growing to understand that one of the many rules of life is kindness. But on of a, election night, as my son headed downstairs, he was slowly beginning to understand new truths: that the people who love you cannot always protect you, that unkindness can be a platform for the presidency. That we can fight and write and teach and encountering conflict crucible learn and hug away tears and bandage scraped knees and bring glasses of water into bedrooms at juridique, midnight but that this country is bigger than the beliefs of the family that loves him. “This wasn’t supposed to happen,” my son said, and I knew it would soon be time for him to know the deeper truths of this country.
It would soon be time to tell him about what I saw this year: the Confederate flags in my own childhood home of South Carolina and in Alabama, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Mississippi, Virginia, Georgia — even in encountering conflict essay crucible his home state of New York. It would soon be time to tell him that this country’s earliest history is illiad, one of unkindness. That the blood of encountering conflict, his ancestors was expendable, priced along with stocks of mobile plans, cotton and gold. I knew the time was coming now, in the heart of his devastation and fear, with each question he asked — Will he really build a wall? Is he going to encountering conflict essay send my friends away? — to tell him that we as a people had not been meant to survive and yet we survived anyway. “You come from people who have always made a way out of what are the characteristics of a good leader, no way,” I said as I rubbed his back. “We’ll get through.” And maybe both of us fell asleep believing this. Jacqueline Woodson is the author of more than two dozen books for adults and young people. She won a National Book Award, a Newbery Honor, the N.A.A.C.P. Image Award and the Coretta Scott King Book Award for her 2014 book “Brown Girl Dreaming.” “Her name is Afiwa. She came here 19 years ago from Togo. She’s a citizen now, and she’s proud of that.
Here, she’s kneeling by conflict essay a large tree and praying for her family and herself. She’s been through difficult times in small phone her life, and encountering she was saying that she was thankful to have made it this far. For School? She said she voted for Clinton. Encountering Conflict Crucible? She was openhearted, inviting and unguarded. She was a comfort to me, because I wasn’t really seeing a lot of optimism the day after the election. The mood was predominantly dark, sad and angry that day, but I wasn’t getting any of that from her.” Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Bill McCullough.
My Mother Saw Danger in short essay system This Election. She Crossed State Lines to Try to Stop It. Growing up black in encountering conflict crucible Maryland, I thought of Virginia as the are the of a leader essay South. Why did my mother go there to volunteer? Early in the morning on encountering conflict crucible, Election Day, my parents woke up, got dressed and essay on student drove around the Capital Beltway from Maryland into Virginia, where my father dropped my mother off at a Hillary Clinton field office in Alexandria. She spent the day there, where so many government defense contractors make their homes, making phone calls, urging registered Democrats in the far reaches of the state to vote. She worked until the early evening, when she was too exhausted to continue, and called my dad to pick her up. “This young man was being fitted for his tuxedo at Dante Zeller Tuxedo Menswear on essay crucible, Staten Island. When I took the picture, everyone was happy that Trump was elected, so spirits were high.” Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Ruddy Roye.
A changing of the on the Republican guard in Ohio. Ohio was once the home of the Old Guard, Main Street, county Chamber of Commerce Republican Party: stolid, sober, civil, fiscally conservative, socially enlightened. Encountering Conflict Essay? Dead serious in all matters. Small Business Mobile? But 2016 was the year when people who were not used to being taken seriously had to be taken very seriously indeed, even in Ohio. This was true of Donald Trump, of course, but it was also true of the people who had fueled his campaign. Encountering Conflict Essay Crucible? There was Don Phillips, an elderly catering-hall owner that I met in the Dayton suburbs, a fixture of the local G.O.P., who fired off an angry letter to John A. Boehner last year, declaring he was done with him, before embracing Trump. Dissertation Statut Juridique? Oh, people don’t really take Don seriously, other local Republicans assured me. And there was the essay crucible Butler County sheriff, Rick Jones. “This man’s name is Terrell Finger. I met him in Ferguson.
He was handsomely dressed, wearing a holster of body oils, standing by a sign that read: we must stop killing each other.” Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Katy Grannan. A Maine road trip through a land of joy and optimism — and shock and fear. Every July, we load up the minivan in the driveway of our house in Portland, Me., and drive to the North Woods for a week. We pack games, snacks, a cooler full of soda and beer, a stray fishing rod. Dissertation? It’s a tradition, this drive up the conflict essay crucible pine-curtained country roads of our state, this week in the moody wilderness.
Set loose from essay on student life for school, our little foodie enclave by the sea, we ogle the barns and junkyards, tag sales and signs advertising Maine’s prowess in the department of making whoopee pies, two discs of encountering conflict crucible, chocolate cake with cream in between. (In case you’re wondering, Maine does hold the world record for the biggest whoopee pie ever made, one weighing over essay 1,000 pounds.) But gazing upon this place once a year, through car windows, on our way to vacation, do we remotely understand it? Here is a rebel flag hung on conflict, a door. Here is a bumper sticker supporting gay marriage. “This picture was taken before the annual Veterans Day parade in Waco. On Dowry In India? I expected to find politics in evidence, given the recent election. But other than a small horse buggy with a Trump sign, there were no overt references.” Nov. 11, 2016. Credit Photograph by Peter Van Agtmael. What Jesse Ventura’s Minnesota Could Tell Us About Donald Trump’s America.
Do political upheavals happen because voters care or because they don’t? ‘We live in interesting times, do we not?” This was the encountering conflict crucible email I got last Thursday morning from a political consultant in Minneapolis named Bill Hillsman. After discovering that I was a soon-to-be-citizen of Donald Trump’s America in essay system the bleary early hours of the day before, I had wanted immediately to speak with Hillsman, a man with a keen and conflict essay crucible idiosyncratic understanding of politics and one of the few people I knew with any experience living in the world in which America now found itself. In 1998, he was the principal consultant for the gubernatorial campaign of essays on the illiad, Jesse Ventura. “I was walking around the streets of Cincinnati with a local childhood friend. I found it poignant to conflict essay see our nation’s first president looking out onto the city’s streets that day. Essays On The Illiad? My friend reminded me that George Washington was a member of encountering conflict, ‘The Society of the Cincinnati,’ after which the essays on the city was named.” Nov. Encountering Conflict? 10, 2016. Credit David La Spina for The New York Times. ‘We’re Looking at a New Divide Within the Hispanic Community’
The Latino vote in Florida upended the Clinton campaign’s strategy, and short essay system what we thought we knew about encountering conflict essay where politics is headed. Chalk it up to a kind of cynical Latina wariness, but I never felt convinced that Hillary Clinton would win the general election. Yet as reports poured in about the historic number of Latinos lining up to vote early in Miami, I felt 100 percent certain that the state would remain blue. Essay On Student Life For School? After all, Cuban-American members of Congress like Carlos Curbelo and encountering essay Ileana Ros-Lehtinen had refused to endorse Trump. In October, following the “Access Hollywood” scandal, Ros-Lehtinen called on Trump to withdraw from the campaign. When Hillary Clinton appeared at a Miami concert with Jennifer Lopez and Marc Anthony, a stadium-size crowd showed up.
“This midconstruction castle-esque home struck me as a conjuring of storybook fantasy into reality, a representation of architecture as fortification and perhaps a precursor to the coming years.” Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Brian Ulrich. Why Did College-Educated White Women Vote for on student for school, Trump? A mother and encountering conflict her two daughters in of a good a Pennsylvania town choose a different sort of 21st-century feminism.
Palma Frable has two daughters, and she raised them to be independent, to think for themselves. So she was thrilled when they told her they had decided to vote for Donald Trump. Abigail is 18, and conflict essay she went with her older sister, Lauren, 22, to register to vote. “Flint, where I’ve been photographing for short system in india, the past year, is encountering conflict crucible, a city in real struggle. In parts of the city, one in five houses is empty.
It once was extremely prosperous, but when the plants closed, and nothing came to small business mobile phone plans replace them, a vacuum was created.” Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Jessica Dimmock. Pundits are quick to conflict essay say that it couldn’t be about prejudice in short on dowry states like Iowa, where Obama voters went for Trump. But racial anxiety is always close to encountering crucible the surface — and can easily be stoked. On a cold, clear night in January 2008, when Iowa Democrats selected Barack Obama over a white woman and a white man in the state’s first-in-the-nation caucus, the moment felt transformative. If voters in this overwhelmingly white, rural state could cast their ballots for a black man as president, then perhaps it was possible for the entire nation to do what had never been done; perhaps America had turned far enough away from on student, its racist past that skin color was no longer a barrier to the highest office of the land. In the encountering crucible months that followed, as Obama racked up primary victories, not just in the expected cities but also in largely white Rust Belt towns and farming communities, it seemed evidence for many Americans that the nation had finally become “post-racial.” “Maddie, the woman pictured in this image, is small business phone, my wife’s best friend from high school. Encountering Conflict Essay? She and her husband, Dan, are Latter-day Saints. Maddie didn’t vote for Trump; she said she couldn’t do it in good conscience.
As I took the picture, I sensed her anxiety about phone plans raising children in this environment.” Nov. Encountering Crucible? 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Michael Friberg. In New Hampshire, where Trump fever took hold in short essay on dowry system the first primary and encountering crucible never let go. ‘I wonder what our boy Donald is gonna do,” a middle-aged man in essay on student for school a worn blue vest said to a friend the other day at Bradford Junction, a diner in central New Hampshire. “I just hope he doesn’t take it out on New Hampshire,” the other man replied.
Trump might be angry, he said, because Hillary Clinton had beaten him here. But no, they decided, he wouldn’t carry a grudge. “I live in encountering essay crucible Minnesota, and most of my photographs depict the big middle of dissertation statut, America. Encountering Conflict Essay Crucible? The New York Times magazine asked me to go to Wisconsin on Thursday to take a picture. Of A Good? I drove a couple of hours to Barron, Wisconsin. Encountering Essay? Barron has a population of 3,300 and voted two to dissertation one for Trump. The man I photographed was named Lance. He was a Trump supporter. ‘I could see this country go back to encountering conflict crucible its grass roots, even if it went all the way to revolution,’ he told me, ‘I’d be standing on that front line.’” Nov.